Barcelona (Catalan: [bəɾsəˈlonə] , Spanish: [baɾθeˈlona]) is a province of eastern Spain, in the center of the autonomous community of Catalonia. The province is bordered by the provinces of Tarragona, Lleida, and Girona, and by the Mediterranean Sea. Its area is 7,726 km2 (2,983 sq mi).[2] 5,743,402[1] people live in the province, of whom about 29% (1,664,182)[1] live within the administrative limits of the city of Barcelona, which itself is contained in the Barcelona metropolitan area.

Province of Barcelona
Província de Barcelona (Catalan)
Provincia de Barcelona (Spanish)
Map of Spain with Province of Barcelona highlighted
Map of Spain with Province of Barcelona highlighted
Autonomous communityCatalonia
 • BodyProvincial Deputation of Barcelona
 • PresidentLluïsa Moret (PSC)
 • Total7,726 km2 (2,983 sq mi)
 • RankRanked 33rd
 1.53% of Spain
 • Total5,743,402[1]
 • RankRanked 2nd
 12.02% of Spain
Official language(s)Catalan • Spanish
ParliamentCortes Generales
Parliament of Catalonia

Divisions edit

The capital of the province is the city of Barcelona, and the provincial council is based in the Casa Serra on the Rambla de Catalunya in that city. Some other cities and towns in Barcelona province include L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Badalona, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Martorell, Mataró, Granollers, Sabadell, Terrassa, Sitges, Igualada, Vic, Manresa, Berga.

Since the division by provinces in Spain and the division by comarques in Catalonia do not completely agree, the term comarques of the province of Barcelona would not be entirely correct. However, a list of the comarques that are included—totally or partially—in the province of Barcelona can be made:

Geography edit

The Catalan Pre-Coastal Range and Catalan Coastal Range mountains run through the Province of Barcelona. There are several notable smaller mountain ranges that are located in the province, including Montseny Massif, Serra de Collserola, and Tibidabo. Pedraforca is the tallest mountain in the province, located on the north side as part of the Pre-Pyrenees. Tibidabo is the mountain that overlooks the city of Barcelona.

The majority of the Province of Barcelona has a Mediterranean climate on the coast and an oceanic climate inland.

Population development edit

Province of Barcelona population pyramid in 2022

The historical population is given in the following chart:

Notes and references edit

  •   This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Barcelona (Spanish province)". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  1. ^ a b c Barcelona: Población por municipios y sexo - Instituto Nacional de Estadística. (National Statistics Institute)
  2. ^ Indicadors geogràfics. Superfície, densitat i entitats de població -

External links edit

41°27′N 2°5′E / 41.450°N 2.083°E / 41.450; 2.083