Sitges (Catalan pronunciation: [ˈsidʒəs]) is a town about 35 kilometres southwest of Barcelona, in Catalonia, renowned worldwide for its Film Festival and Carnival. Located between the Garraf Massif and the sea, it is known for its beaches, nightspots, and historical sites.
|Judicial district||Vilanova i la Geltrú|
|• Mayor||Aurora Carbonell i Abella (2019) (Republican Left of Catalonia)|
|• Total||43.8 km2 (16.9 sq mi)|
|Elevation||10 m (30 ft)|
|• Density||660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
While the roots of Sitges' artistic reputation date back to the late 19th century, when painter Santiago Rusiñol took up residence there during the summer, the town became a centre for the 1960s counterculture in mainland Spain, in Francoist Spain, and became known as "Ibiza in miniature".
Today, Sitges' economy is based on tourism and culture offering more than 4,500 hotel beds, half of them in four-star hotels.
Almost 35% of the approximately 26,000 permanent inhabitants are from the Netherlands, the UK, France and Scandinavia, whose children attend international schools in the area. There are 17 beaches. Sitges was also the site of the annual Bilderberg conference held in June 2010.
Sitges has been referred to as the Saint-Tropez of Spain, with property prices approaching those of the most expensive European cities, the main reason for this being the setting by the sea and the surrounding Parc Natural del Garraf. Proximity to Barcelona-El Prat Airport is also a major advantage.
During the Middle Ages, a castle was built in Sitges, owned by the bishopric of Barcelona, which later ceded it to count Mir Geribert (1041). In the 12th century the town fell under the rule of the Sitges family. The latter held it until 1308, when Agnes of Sitges sold the town to Bernat de Fonollar, after whose death it went to the Pia Almoina, a charitable institution, to which it belonged until 1814.
Sitges' economy was mostly based on the production of wine until the economic boom of the 1960s, after which it became a tourist resort.
In 1958, the Liberals (see Liberalism in Colombia ) and Conservatives (see Conservatism in Colombia) both met in the city of Sitges and the nearby city of Benidorm to sign a peace treaty instituting Colombia's Consociationalist democracy in agreement called the National Front.
For over a century, Sitges has celebrated Carnestoltes, or Carnival, between the months of February and March, according to the liturgical calendar. The festivities begin on Dijous Gras, or Fat Thursday, with King Carnestoltes’ arrival. They continue until the burial of the sardine — late afternoon on Ash Wednesday.
Folk dances and xatonades (traditional local salad served with assorted omelets) are also characteristic carnival elements. The two most important moments are the Rua de la Disbauxa, or the Debauchery Parade, on Sunday night and the Rua de l'Extermini, or Extermination Parade, on Tuesday night. Around forty floats with more than 2,000 participants fill Sitges. It is one of people favorites times of year because of this celebration. Many people come from all around to see it.
Xató is Sitges' most typical dish. Its first recorded mention is in local newspaper Eco de Sitges report on Maundy Thursday, published on 16 February 1896. The report refers to a meal that three days before had gathered together a selected group of Catalan artists and intellectuals, including Santiago Rusiñol, Miquel Utrillo and Gaietà Buigas. The name "xató" comes from an expression pronounced years before by Canudas, a member of the Rusiñol's group.
The main ingredients of xató are endive salad, cod, tuna, anchovies, aubergine and black olives. However, the essence of the dish is its sauce, made with scalded chillies, toasted almonds, garlic, olive oil, salt, vinegar and hot peppers. The complete xató meal consists of some different omelettes or fricandó (a typical Catalan hot meal) and as a dessert, coca de lardons (typical Catalan cake, made from pork scratchings), served with a bottle of Penedès black wine.
Sitges cuisine includes many Catalan sailors' dishes such as rice Sitges style, stewed sepia with potatoes and allioli (Catalan garlic sauce), bull de tonyina (made with tuna fish), fideuada (similar to paella, but with noodles and seafood) or stuffed peppers with cod.
Malvasia is a delicate liquor wine served in Sitges, primarily with dessert. The name "malvasia" comes from the Peloponnesian port Monemvasía. In Sitges, the Hospital Sant Joan Baptista continues producing and marketing malvasia according to the traditional method from its own vines and within its own cellars. The proceeds go to charity. The annual production is approximately 4,000 bottles.
Sitges has 17 sand beaches. Four of them are in the east: the first one called Les Botigues at the beginning of the coast, next to the beaches of Castelldefels and the other three are following the coast of Garraf (Road C-31). One of them is Garraf village beach.
There are eleven beaches in the town and two to its west, which are difficult to access.
There are three main nudist beaches located in Sitges. One of which is Platja dels Balmins, the second nudist beach is Platja d'Aiguadolç, both of these beaches are populated by all members of the community. The third nudist beach is Playa del Muerto, which is more populated by the gay community. Platja dels Balmins and Platja d'Aiguadolç are located on the eastern side of Sitges while Playa del Muerto is located on the western side of Sitges and is more difficult to reach.
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Sitges is part of the long history of motor racing in Catalonia. From 1908–1920 events were staged over public roads from Sitges to Canyelles to Vilanova i la Geltrú, and from Mataro to Vilassar de Mar and Argentona. In 1922 and 1923 the Real Moto Club de Catalunya ran the Penya Rhin Grand Prix over a 9-mile circuit around the town of Vilafranca del Penedès until it was replaced by a short lived purpose built circuit, the banked Autodromo Sitges Terramar, which is still visible at . Albert Divo won the only Spanish Grand Prix held at the banked 'Sitges Terramar' driving a Sunbeam.
- Rafael Font Farran (1912–2003), politician and journalist
- Facundo Bacardí (1814–1886), businessman
- Mir Geribert (died 1060), Catalan nobleman
- Santiago Rusiñol (1861–1931), artist
- Arcadi Mas i Fondevila (1852–1934), artist
- Christopher Small (1927–2011), musician and ethnomusicologist
- Miguel Condé (1939), painter
- "Aurora Carbonell, primera alcaldessa d'ERC que encapçala l'Ajuntament de Sitges". ccma.cat. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
- "El municipi en xifres: Sitges". Statistical Institute of Catalonia. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
- Municipal Register of Spain 2018. National Statistics Institute.
- Boyd, Mark (August 2011). "Sitges is Hot Property". blog.lucasfox.com. lucasfox.com. Archived from the original on 30 March 2012. Retrieved 9 August 2011.
- "Declaration of Sitges | Colombian history". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 1 December 2019.
- 3cat24, El Museu d'Art Contemporani de Sitges obrirà portes el mes d'abril de 2011 Consulta 11/12/2010
- "Nudist Beaches of Sitges". Barcelona-Home Blog. Retrieved 19 October 2015.
- "Contact Us". British School of Barcelona. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
Passeig Isaac Albéniz, s/n 08870 Sitges Barcelona, Spain- This is visible by clicking the contact address information tabs at the footer of the page.
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