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The province of A Coruña (Galician: [ɐ koˈɾuɲɐ]; Spanish: La Coruña [la koˈɾuɲa]; historical English: Corunna)[1] is the most North-western Atlantic-facing province of Spain, and one of the four provinces which constitute the autonomous community of Galicia. This province is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the West and North, Pontevedra Province to the South and the Lugo Province to the East.

A Coruña
Coat of arms of A Coruña
Coat of arms
Location of the Province of A Coruña within Spain
Location of the Province of A Coruña within Spain
Coordinates: 43°22′N 8°24′W / 43.37°N 8.40°W / 43.37; -8.40Coordinates: 43°22′N 8°24′W / 43.37°N 8.40°W / 43.37; -8.40
Country Spain
Autonomous community Galicia
CapitalA Coruña
Government
 • BodyDeputación da Coruña
 • President of the DeputaciónValentín González Formoso (Socialists' Party of Galicia)
Area
 • Total7,950 km2 (3,070 sq mi)
Area rank32nd
Population
 • Total1,139,121
 • Rank10th
 • Density140/km2 (370/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Coruñés (m), Coruñesa (f)
Postal code
15---
ISO 3166 codeES-C
Parliament24 deputies (out of 75)
Congress9 deputies (out of 350)
Senate4 senators (out of 264)
Websitehttp://www.dicoruna.es/

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
In recent years, Ferrol and A Coruña have become popular stops for transatlantic steamships en route to the Mediterranean.

The history of this province starts at the end of the Middle Ages during the reign of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain. During those years this province was far smaller than today. This is because in the 1833 territorial division of Spain the entire Province of Betanzos together with half of the Mondoñedo were amalgamated into one single province with its capital city in A Coruña. Since 1833, the province has always been the one with the largest population and largest coast. Until the second half of the 20th century, this province was both the religious and cultural centre of the entire region. The University of Santiago de Compostela was the only university in North-western Spain until the arrival of democracy after the death of General Francisco Franco.

PopulationEdit

A Coruña Province Population c. 1787
District population
City of A Coruña 13,575
City of Ferrol (Civilian Pop. Only) 24,993
Santiago de Compostela 15,584
Towns, Villages and Hamlets c.229,123
All the Province (Total): 283,275
(Ferrol - Urban History, 2004) [1]
A Coruña Province Population c. 1833
District population
City of A Coruña 23,000
City of Ferrol (Civilian Pop. Only) 13,000
Santiago de Compostela 28,000
Towns, Villages and Hamlets c.233,000
All the Province (Total): c.297,000
(U. P. Gazetteer By Th.Baldwin, 1847) [2]
A Coruña Province Population c. 1900
District population
City of A Coruña 43,971
City of Ferrol (Civilian Pop. Only) 25,281
Santiago de Compostela 24,120
Towns, Villages and Hamlets 580,184
All the Province (Total): 653,556
(Encyclopædia Britannica, 1911) s:User:Tim Starling/ScanSet PNG demo

Main sightsEdit

The cathedral of Santiago de Compostela is the destination of the Way of St. James, a major historical pilgrimage route since the Middle Ages which still gathers thousands of pilgrims each year from all over the world.

ParksEdit

TransportEdit

Airports and airfieldsEdit

RailwayEdit

EconomyEdit

PortsEdit

SportEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^   Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Corunna" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 7 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 208.
  2. ^ (in Spanish) Atlantic Islands of Galicia National Park Archived 27 January 2007 at the Wayback Machine