Murcia (/ˈmʊərsiə/, US also /ˈmɜːrʃ(i)ə/,[4][5][6] Spanish: [ˈmuɾθja] ) is a city in south-eastern Spain,[7] the capital and most populous city of the autonomous community of the Region of Murcia,[8] and the seventh largest city in the country. It had a population of 460,349 inhabitants in 2021[9] (about one third of the total population of the Region). The total population of the metropolitan area is 672,773 in 2020, covering an urban area of 1,230.9 km2.[2] It is located on the Segura River, in the southeast of the Iberian Peninsula. It has a climate with hot summers, mild winters, and relatively low precipitation.

City hall (Moneo building)
Monteagudo Castle
University cloister
Casa Cerdá
Coat of arms of Murcia
Location of Murcia
Coordinates: 37°59′10″N 1°7′49″W / 37.98611°N 1.13028°W / 37.98611; -1.13028
Autonomous communityRegion of Murcia
Founded825 AD (by Abd ar-Rahman II)
 • MayorJosé Ballesta Germán (2023) (PP)
 • Municipality881.86 km2 (340.49 sq mi)
43 m (141 ft)
 • Municipality460,349[1]
 • Urban
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
30001 to 30012
Dialing code968 / 868
WebsiteOfficial website

Murcia was founded by Abd ar-Rahman II, Emir of Cordoba, in 825 with the name Mursiyah (Arabic: مرسية). It is now mainly a services city and a university town. Highlights for visitors include the Cathedral of Murcia and a number of baroque buildings, renowned local cuisine, Holy Week procession, works of art by the famous Murcian sculptor Francisco Salzillo, and the Fiestas de Primavera (Spring Festival).

The city, as the capital of the comarca Huerta de Murcia, is called "Europe's orchard" due to its long agricultural tradition and its fruit, vegetable, and flower production and exports.[10]

History edit

The territory has been inhabited by humans since prehistory. People also lived in the current municipality during the Bronze and Iron Ages. During the late Chalcolithic and the Bronze Age, the occupancy of part of the current municipality was performed by the Argaric people. During the late Bronze Age and the Iron Age, the people who inhabited the current municipality were the Iberians. A remarkable site is a religious building, whose name is the De la Luz Iberian Sanctuary.[11] There are traces of people presence during the Roman rule in the Iberian Peninsula era. A construction of the late Roman period in the Iberian Peninsula is a fortress, Castillo de los Garres, located in the south of the northern half of the municipality.[12]

Statue of Abd ar-Rahman II in Murcia

It is widely believed that Murcia's name is derived from the Latin word myrtea or murtea, meaning land of the myrtle (the plant is known to grow in the general area),[13] although it may also be a derivation of the word Murtia, which would mean Murtius Village (Murtius was a common Roman name). Other research suggests that it may owe its name to the Latin Murtae (Mulberry), which covered the regional landscape for many centuries. The Latin name eventually changed into the Arabic Mursiya, and then, Murcia.

The city in its present location was founded with the name Madinat Mursiyah (مدينة مرسية 'city of Murcia') in AD 825 by Abd ar-Rahman II, who was then the emir of Córdoba.[14] Umayyad planners, taking advantage of the course of the river Segura, created a complex network of irrigation channels that made the town's agricultural existence prosperous. In the 12th century the traveller and writer Muhammad al-Idrisi described the city of Murcia as populous and strongly fortified. After the fall of the Caliphate of Córdoba in 1031, Murcia passed under the successive rules of the powers seated variously at Almería and Toledo, but finally became capital of its own kingdom with Ibn Tahir (أبو عبد الرحمن بن طاهر).[14] After the fall of the Almoravide empire, Ibn Mardanis made Murcia the capital of a new independent kingdom. At this time, Murcia was a very prosperous city, famous for its ceramics, exported to Italian towns, as well as for silk and paper industries, the first in Europe. The coinage of Murcia was considered as model in all the continent.[citation needed] The mystic Ibn Arabi (1165–1240)[15] and the poet Ibn al-Jinan (d.1214) were born in Murcia during this period.

The 13th-century archaeological site of San Esteban

In 1172 Murcia was conquered by the north African Almohades, the last Muslim empire to rule southern Spain,[14] and as the forces of the Christian Reconquista gained the upper hand, was the capital of a small Muslim emirate from 1223 to 1243. By the treaty of Alcaraz, in 1243, the Christian king Ferdinand III of Castile made Murcia a protectorate, getting access to the Mediterranean sea while Murcia was protected against Granada and Aragon.[14] The Christian population of the town became the majority as immigrants poured in from almost all parts of the Iberian Peninsula. Christian immigration was encouraged with the goal of establishing a loyal Christian base. These measures led to the Muslim popular revolt in 1264, which was quelled by James I of Aragon in 1266, conquering Murcia and bringing Aragonese and Catalan immigrants with him.

Entrance of James I of Aragon at Murcia in 1266

After this, during the reign of Alfonso X of Castile, Murcia was one of his capitals with Toledo and Seville.

The Murcian duality: Catalan population in a Castillian territory, brought the subsequent conquest of the city by James II of Aragon in 1296. In 1304, Murcia was finally incorporated into Castile under the Treaty of Torrellas.[16]

Murcia Cathedral of Santa Maria completed in 1465, with facade and tower from 18th century

Murcia's prosperity declined as the Mediterranean lost trade to the ocean routes and from the wars between the Christians and the Ottoman Empire. The old prosperity of Murcia became crises during 14th century because of its border location with the neighbouring Muslim kingdom of Granada, but flourished after its conquest in 1492 and again in the 18th century, benefiting greatly from a boom in the silk industry.[17] Most of the modern city's landmark churches, monuments and old architecture date from this period. In this century, Murcia lived an important role in Bourbon victory in the War of the Spanish Succession, thanks to Cardinal Belluga. In 1810, Murcia was looted by Napoleonic troops; it then suffered a major earthquake in 1829. According to contemporaneous accounts, an estimated 6,000 people died from the disaster's effects across the province. Plague and cholera followed.

Murcia Flood in 1879

The town and surrounding area suffered badly from floods in 1651, 1879, 1946 and 1948, though the construction of a levee helped to stave off the repeated floods from the Segura.[17][18] A popular pedestrian walkway, the Malecon, runs along the top of the levee.[19]

Murcia has been the capital of the province of Murcia since 1833[20][21] and, with its creation by the central government in 1982, capital of the autonomous community (which includes only the city and the province). Since then, it has become the seventh most populated municipality in Spain, and a thriving services city.

The 5.1 Mw Lorca earthquake shook the Region of Murcia with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VII ('Very strong') on 11 May 2011. Nine people were killed and over 400 were injured.

Geography edit

Murcia is located near the center of a low-lying fertile plain known as the huerta (orchard or vineyard) of Murcia. The Segura River and its right-hand tributary, the Guadalentín, run through the area. The city has an elevation of 43 metres (141 ft) above sea level and its municipality covers approximately 882 square kilometres (341 sq mi).[22]

The best known and most dominant aspect of the municipal area's landscape is the orchard.[23] In addition to the orchard and urban zones, the great expanse of the municipal area is made up of different landscapes: badlands, groves of Carrasco pine trees in the precoastal mountain ranges and, towards the south, a semi-steppe region. A large natural park, the Parque Regional de Carrascoy y el Valle, lies just to the south of the city.[24]

Segura River edit

The Segura River crosses an alluvial plain (Vega Media del Segura), part of a Mediterranean pluvial system. The river crosses the city from west to east. Its volumetric flow is mostly small but the river is known to produce occasional flooding, like the times when the capital was inundated, in 1946, 1948, 1973 and 1989.[25][26]

Murcia is located in the Segura valley

Mountains and hills edit

The Segura river's Valley is surrounded by two mountain ranges, the hills of Guadalupe, Espinardo, Cabezo de Torres, Esparragal and Monteagudo in the north and the Cordillera Sur in the south. The municipality itself is divided into southern and northern zones by a series of mountain ranges, the aforementioned Cordillera Sur (Carrascoy, El Puerto, Villares, Columbares,[27] Altaona, and Escalona[28]).[29][30] These two zones are known as Field of Murcia (in the south of Cordillera Sur) and Orchard of Murcia (the Segura Valley in the north of Cordillera Sur). Near the plain's center, the steep hill of Monteagudo protrudes dramatically.[31]

Districts edit

Map with the district demarcation and the main town highlighted

The 881.86-square-kilometre (340.49 sq mi) territory of Murcia's municipality is made up of 54 pedanías (suburban districts) and 28 barrios (city neighbourhood districts).[32] The barrios make up the 12.86-square-kilometre (4.97 sq mi) the main urban portion of the city. The historic city center is approximately 3 square kilometres (1 sq mi) of the urbanised downtown portion of Murcia.

District Population (2021)[33]
La Albatalía 2,122
La Alberca 12,998
Algezares 5,717
Aljucer 7,761
Alquerías 6,286
La Arboleja 2,111
Baños y Mendigo 847
Barqueros 1,040
Beniaján 11,373
Cabezo de Torres 13,560
Cañada Hermosa 189
Cañadas de San Pedro 371
Carrascoy 104
Casillas 4,995
Churra 8,731
Cobatillas 2,701
Corvera 2,808
Los Dolores 5,189
Era Alta 3,251
El Esparragal 7,920
Garres y Lages 7,673
Gea y Truyols 1,251
Guadalupe 7,344
Javalí Nuevo 3,223
Javalí Viejo 2,292
Jerónimo y Avileses y Balsicas de Arriba 1,787
Lobosillo 1,893
Llano de Brujas 5,639
Los Martínez del Puerto 810
Monteagudo 4,036
Nonduermas 2,496
La Ñora 5,099
El Palmar 24,163
Puebla de Soto 1,836
Puente Tocinos 16,811
El Puntal 7,201
El Raal 6,385
Los Ramos 3,473
La Raya 2,255
Rincón Beniscornia 980
Rincón de Seca 2,251
San Benito 14,609
San Ginés 2,798
San José de la Vega 5,019
Sangonera la Seca 5,773
Sangonera la Verde 12,040
Santa Cruz 2,633
Santiago y Zaraiche 11,044
Santo Ángel 6,374
Sucina 2,314
Torreagüera 9,305
Valladolises y Lo Jurado 790
Zarandona 7,020
Zeneta 1,847
Murcia (town centre) 169,631
Total 460,349

Climate edit

Murcia has a hot semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification: BSh).[34] It has mild winters and very hot summers because of its inland location. It averages more than 320 days with sun per year.[35] Occasionally, Murcia has heavy, torrential rain.[36]

In the coldest month, January, the average temperature range is a high of 16.6 °C (62 °F) during the day and a low of 4.7 °C (40 °F) at night. Night frost occurs in most winters, but snow is very rare. Snow fell and accumulated in Murcia during the 20th century eight times, in 1910, 1914, 1926, 1942, 1951, 1957, 1971 and 1983, and twice in the 21st century in 2017 and 2021.[37][38] In the warmest month, August, the range goes from 34.2 °C (94 °F) during the day to 20.9 °C (70 °F) at night. Temperatures almost always reach or exceed 40 °C (104 °F) on at least one or two days per year. In fact, Murcia holds close to the highest recorded in southern Europe since reliable meteorological records commenced in 1950. The official record for Murcia stands at 47.2 °C (117.0 °F), at Alcantarilla airport in the western suburbs on 4 July 1994 with 47.0 °C (116.6 °F) and Murcia - Guadalupe de Maciscoca the same day 46.2 °C (115.2 °F) being recorded at a station near the city centre on 15 August 2021, being only lower than the 48.0 °C (118.4 °F) measured in Athens and the 47.4 °C (117.3 °F) measured in Amareleja, Portugal.[39]

Climate data for Murcia (1984–2010), extremes (1984–)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.8
Average high °C (°F) 16.6
Daily mean °C (°F) 10.6
Average low °C (°F) 4.7
Record low °C (°F) −7.5
Average precipitation mm (inches) 27
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 4 4 3 4 4 2 1 1 3 4 4 4 37
Average relative humidity (%) 65 63 59 53 52 49 50 54 59 64 65 68 58
Mean monthly sunshine hours 189 190 223 256 289 323 353 317 239 217 186 172 2,967
Source: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología[40][41]
Climate data for Alcantarilla Base Area, 1981-2010 normals, 1940-2021 extremes, 75m
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 28.2
Average high °C (°F) 16.6
Daily mean °C (°F) 10.2
Average low °C (°F) 3.9
Record low °C (°F) −5
Average precipitation mm (inches) 26
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 3 3 3 4 4 2 1 1 3 4 4 4 35
Average relative humidity (%) 64 62 57 53 51 49 49 53 59 64 67 67 58
Mean monthly sunshine hours 181 179 210 244 282 318 343 305 230 204 172 166 2,825
Source: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología[42][43]

Demographics edit

Murcia town hall

Murcia has 460,349 inhabitants (INE 2021) making it the seventh-largest Spanish municipality by population. When adding in the municipalities of Alcantarilla, Alguazas, Beniel, Molina de Segura, Santomera, and Las Torres de Cotillas, the metropolitan area has 672,773 inhabitants making it the twelfth most populous metropolitan area in Spain. Nevertheless, due to Murcia's large municipal territory, its population density (547 inhabitants/km2, 760 hab./sq.mi.) does not likewise rank among Spain's highest.[9][2]

According to the official population data of the INE, 12.52% of the population of the municipality reported belonging to a foreign nationality – 3.22% from other countries of Europe, 5.01% Africans, 3.68% Americans and 0.61% Asians as of 2021.[44]

The majority of the population identify as Christian. There is also a big atheist community.

Murcia is one of the communities with the largest Romani population in Spain.[45]

The table below shows the population trends of the municipality from the late 19th century to the 21st century by the beginning of their decades.[46][9]

Demographic evolution of Murcia from 1842 to 2021
Reference: Instituto Nacional de Estadística (Spain)[9]

Main sights edit

Arabic architecture of the Alcázar Seguir in Santa Clara Museum inside of Monasterio de Santa Clara la Real, constructed by Banu Hud in the 13th century.[47]

The Cathedral of Murcia was built between 1394 and 1465 in the Castilian Gothic style. Its tower was completed in 1792 and shows a blend of architectural styles. The first two stories were built in the Renaissance style (1521–1546), while the third is Baroque. The bell pavilion exhibits both Rococo and Neoclassical influences. The main façade (1736–1754) is considered a masterpiece of the Spanish Baroque style.[48]

Trapería Street in the old town
Murcia's oldest bridge, the Puente de los Peligros

Other buildings in the square shared by the cathedral (Plaza Cardinal Belluga) are the colorful 'Bishop's Palace' (18th century) and a controversial extension to the town hall by Rafael Moneo (built in 1999).[49]

The Glorieta, which lies on the banks of the Segura River, has traditionally been the center of the town. It is a landscaped city square that was constructed during the 18th century.[50] The ayuntamiento (city hall) of Murcia is located in this square.[51][52]

Pedestrian areas cover most of the old town of the city, which is centered around Platería and Trapería Streets. Trapería goes from the cathedral to the Plaza de Santo Domingo, formerly a bustling market square. Located in Trapería is the Casino, a social club erected in 1847, with a sumptuous interior that includes a Moorish-style patio inspired by the royal chambers of the Alhambra near Granada. The name Platería refers to plata (silver), as this street was the historical focus for the commerce of rare metals by Murcia's Jewish community. The other street, Trapería, refers to trapos, or cloths, as this was once the focus for the Jewish community's garment trade.

Several bridges of different styles span the river Segura, from the Puente de los Peligros, an 18th century stone bridge with a Lady chapel on one of its sides;[53] to modern bridges designed by Santiago Calatrava or Javier Manterola; through others such as the Puente Nuevo (new bridge), an iron bridge of the early 20th century.[54]

Castillo de Monteagudo

Other places around Murcia include:[55][56]

  • Santa Clara monastery, a Gothic and Baroque monument[57] where a museum with the Moorish palace's remains from the 13th century is locared,[58] called Alcázar Seguir.[59]
  • The Malecón boulevard, a former retaining wall for the Río Segura's floods.[60]
  • Santuario de Nuestra Señora de la Fuensanta, Algezares (1694), 17th century sanctuary and adjacent El Valle regional park: The construction began in 1694 and its architectural style is baroque with Murcian regional features.[61][62]
  • Los Jerónimos monastery (18th century). It was built during the first half of the century and is located in Guadalupe district, in the northwest quadrant of Murcia.[63]
  • Romea theatre (19th century). It was opened up by the queen Isabella II of Spain in 1862. Its façade has three bodies or levels.[64]
  • Circo theatre.
  • Almudí Palace (17th century), art gallery in a historic building with coats of arms on its façade.[65] On its interior there are Tuscan columns, and since 1985 it hosts the city archives and periodic art exhibitions.[66]
  • Monteagudo Castle (11th century): in the district with the same name, in the north of the municipality.[67]
  • Salzillo Museum, showcases the art of 18th-century baroque sculptor and Murcia native Francisco Salzillo.[68]
  • Centro Párraga, contemporary arts centre located in one of the pavilions of the old Artillery Headquarters of Murcia. It houses multiple exhibitions, performances and concerts throughout the year.
  • Archaeological Museum of Murcia (MAM). It covers the rich Prehistory and History of Murcia, from the Palaeolithic to the Christian and Visigoth Period.[69]
  • San Juan de Dios church-museum, Baroque and Rococo circular church with the remains of the Moorish palace mosque from the 12th century in the basement, called Alcázar Nasir.

In the metropolitan area are also the Azud de la Contraparada reservoir and the Noria de La Ñora water wheel.

Festivals edit

The Burial of the Sardine in Murcia

The Holy Week procession hosted by the city is among the most famous throughout Spain. This traditional festival portrays the events which lead up to and include the Crucifixion according to the New Testament. Life-sized, finely detailed sculptures by Francisco Salzillo (1707–1783) are removed from their museums and carried around the city in elegant processions amid flowers and, at night, candles, pausing at stations which are meant to re-enact the final moments before the crucifixion of Jesus.[70]

The most colorful festival in Murcia may come one week after Holy Week, when locals dress up in traditional huertano clothing to celebrate the Bando de la Huerta [es] (Orchard parade) on Tuesday and fill the streets for The Burial of the Sardine in Murcia. parade the following Saturday. This whole week receives the name of Fiestas de Primavera de Murcia [es] (Spring Fest).[71]

Murcia's Three Cultures International Festival happens each May and was first organised with the intent of overcoming racism and xenophobia in the culture. The festival seeks to foster understanding and reconciliation between the three cultures that have cohabited the peninsula for centuries, if not millennia: Christians, Jews and Muslims. Each year, the festival celebrates these three cultures through music, exhibitions, symposiums and conferences.[72]

Festivities in the districts edit

Sundry festivities are held throughout the municipality and districts and patron saint festivities are included each part. Month where some occur are June and September.[73][74][75][76] An activity that is slightly frequent in these festivities is the Coronación de las reinas, which usually consists in awarding the symbolic status of queens to three female children and three female teenagers.[77][78][79] Holy Week festivities are also held in some districts on their own.[80][81][82] Pasacalles (similar to standard parades) are also performed and so the desfiles de carrozas, which are parades in which floats play an important role. Religious activity includes processions (festive religious marches) in which there are statues of the Patron Virgin on a platform that is carried on the shoulders.[83][84]

Economy edit

Casa Cerdá in Santo Domingo square
Casino of Murcia

Economically, Murcia predominantly acts as a centre for agriculture and tourism. 33.1% of the municipality is utilised with crops purposes.[85] 35.3% of the agreements of 2019 were written for jobs in agriculture and fishing sectors and 9.84% workers had signed agreements for crop land labouring in the second half of 2016.[86][87]

7.79% agreements corresponded to the industry sector in 2019 and 5.91% workers had signed agreements for industry labouring in the second half of 2016. 53.12% agreements corresponded to jobs of the service sector in 2019 and 14.26% workers had signed agreements for waiter jobs in the second half of 2016.[86][87]

The economy of Murcia is supported by fairs and congresses, museums, theatres, cinema, music, aquariums, restaurants, hotels, shopping centres, campings, sports, foreign students, and tourism.

Government edit

As generally in Spain, the governors are elected indirectly by voting for a political party in a day for municipal and autonomous community (the regions in Spain) elections every four years.[88] The governors that are elected compose a government body named pleno, which has 30 members in Murcia. The alcalde (head governor in a municipality) chooses 10 members from the pleno in order to compose a governing cabinet named junta de gobierno, which has 10 members in Murcia. There are 7 partisans (including the alcalde) of Partido Popular party and 3 partisans of Ciudadanos in the junta de gobierno. The largest government body also includes 9 partisans of PSOE (Partido Socialista Obrero Español), 3 partisans of Vox and 2 partisans of Podemos and Equo.[89][90]

Governing party
2003–2007 Partido Popular[91]
2007–2011 Partido Popular[92]
2011–2015 Partido Popular[93]
2015–2019 Partido Popular[94]
2019–2021 Partido Popular
2021–2023 Partido Socialista Obrero Español[95]

Transportation edit

Roads edit

A national highway named A-30, which connects Cartagena and Albacete, traverses the municipality from south to north,[96] A national motorway named A-7 also occurs in Murcia, specifically in its northwest.[97] There is also a highway named MU-30, which connects Alcantarilla municipality and El Palmar district, so it occurs in the northwestern quarter of Murcia.[98] 52 regional pavement lines also occur in the municipality.[99] The RM-1 road, which is intended to connect Santomera and San Javier, takes place in the east and the RM-15 highway, which connects Alcantarilla and Cehegín, occupies part of the northwest.[98]

By plane edit

Region of Murcia International Airport (RMU) is located 20 km south from the city centre, in the suburban district of Corvera. The airport operates several international and domestic routes. It was opened on 15 January 2019.[100] Alicante–Elche International Airport is located 60 km north-east from the city centre. This is 5th busiest airport in Spain with 15 million annual passengers.[101]

By bus edit

Bus service is provided by LatBus, which operates the interurban services. Urban bus is offered by a new operator, Transportes de Murcia [es], an UTE (Joint Venture) formed by Ruiz, Marín & Fernanbús.[102]

By tram edit

Tram of Murcia

The Murcia tram is managed by Tranvimur. As of 2020, 17.5 kilometres (11 miles) of line were available. Two lines connect the city center (Plaza Circular) with the University Campus and the Football Stadium. Line 1B or Line L connects the neighbourhood of Espinardo with the UCAM and Los Jerónimos.

By train edit

Train connections are provided by Renfe. Murcia has a railway station called Murcia del Carmen,[103] located in the neighbourhood of the same name on the Chinchilla–Cartagena railway. Several long-distance lines link the city with Madrid,[104] through Albacete, as well as Valencia, and Catalonia up to Montpellier in France.[105] Murcia is also the center of a local network. The line C-1 connects the city to Alicante, and the line C-2 connects Murcia to Alcantarilla, Lorca and Águilas.[106] It also has a regional line connecting it to Cartagena and a medium-range linea to Valencia and Zaragoza.[105]

Healthcare edit

The hospitals and other public primary healthcare centers belong to the Murcian Healthcare Service. There are three public hospitals in Murcia:[107]

Large part of the municipality belongs to the Health area I (Murcia/Oeste), which main place is the main town. Nevertheless, the districts that are located in the northeastern quarter are included in Health area VII (Murcia / Este) and the district Cabezo de Torres is included in Health area VI (Vega Media del Segura).[111][112]

Education edit

Murcia has three universities:

University of Murcia
University of Murcia (cloister)

There are several high schools, elementary schools, and professional schools. Murcia has three types of schools for children: private schools such as El Limonar International School, Murcia (a British international school) and King's College, Madrid, The American School of Murcia (an American international school),[113] semi-private schools (concertado),[114] which are private schools that receive government funding and sometimes offer religious instruction, and public schools such as Colegio Publico (CP) San Pablo, IES Licenciado Francisco Cascales or the centenary CP Cierva Peñafiel, one of the oldest ones.[115] The French international school, Lycée Français André Malraux de Murcie, is in nearby Molina de Segura.[116]

The private schools and concertados can be religious (Catholic mostly but any religion is acceptable) or secular, but the public schools are strictly secular. Concertado or semi-private or quasi-private schools fill a need by providing schools where the government isn't able to or predate the national school system. The private schools in Murcia are not only English language schools. They also include Nelva, a religious school, and San Jorge, a secular bilingual Spanish school.

Murcia also offers Adult Education for people who want to return to complete high school and possibly continue on to the university.[115][117]

Notable people edit

Sports teams edit

Estadio Nueva Condomina

Some of the sports teams of the municipality are listed below:

Twin towns – sister cities edit

Murcia is twinned with:[127]

See also edit

References edit

  •   This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Murcia (town)". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 19 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 33.

Notes edit

  1. ^ "Murcia: Población por municipios y sexo. (2883)". INE (in Spanish). Retrieved 12 August 2022.
  2. ^ a b c d "Atlas Estadístico de las Áreas Urbanas | Ministerio de Transportes, Movilidad y Agenda Urbana". (in Spanish). Retrieved 12 August 2022.
  3. ^ Municipal Register of Spain 2018. National Statistics Institute.
  4. ^ "Murcia". Collins English Dictionary. HarperCollins. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  5. ^ "Murcia" (US) and "Murcia". Lexico UK English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 22 March 2020.
  6. ^ "Murcia". Dictionary. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  7. ^ "Tourism in Murcia. What to see. Tourist information | in english". Retrieved 17 January 2021.
  8. ^ "Región de Murcia. Consejería de Sanidad" (PDF) (in Spanish). 2005. Retrieved 17 January 2021.
  9. ^ a b c d "Murcia: Población por municipios y sexo. (2883)". INE (in Spanish). Retrieved 12 August 2022.
  10. ^ Riquelme Manzanera, Ángel Luis (1998). "Declaración del espacio natural Huerta de Murcia" (PDF). Revista Cangilón – Región de Murcia Digital (in Spanish). pp. 32, 33. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  11. ^ "Concejalía de Medio Ambiente". Portal Ayuntamiento de Murcia.
  12. ^ "Historia de Garres y Lages - Región de Murcia Digital".
  13. ^ González Blanco, Antonio. "Las otras "Murcias" de España. Nuevos datos para el estudio de la significación del topónimo Murcia" (PDF). Región de Murcia Digital (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 January 2021.
  14. ^ a b c d "La invasión musulmana y el pacto de Teodomiro". Región de Murcia Digital (in Spanish). Fundación Integra. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
  15. ^ a b "The Meccan Revelations". World Digital Library. Library of Congress. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. 1900–1999. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  16. ^ "La Reconquista de Murcia". Región de Murcia Digital (in Spanish). Fundación Integra. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  17. ^ a b "Historia de Murcia- Edad Moderna – Región de Murcia Digital" (in Spanish). Retrieved 15 September 2020.
  18. ^ "Historia de Murcia- Edad Contemporánea – Región de Murcia Digital" (in Spanish). Retrieved 15 September 2020.
  19. ^ "Paseo del Malecón – Región de Murcia Digital" (in Spanish). Retrieved 15 September 2020.
  20. ^ "Siglo XIX – Portal Ayuntamiento de Murcia" [19th century – Portal Ayuntamiento de Murcia] (in Spanish). Retrieved 15 September 2020.
  21. ^ "La nueva organización territorial – Región de Murcia Digital" (in Spanish). Retrieved 15 September 2020.
  22. ^ "CREM – Datos Municipales Murcia – 1. Distribución de la superficie, extensión, distancia a la capital y altitud". Portal Estadístico de la Región de Murcia – CREM (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 January 2021.
  23. ^ "La Huerta de Murcia. Un singular paisaje formado con la ayuda del ser humano" (PDF). Portal Ayuntamiento de Murcia (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 January 2021.
  24. ^ "El Valle y Carrascoy – Región de Murcia Digital" (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 January 2021.
  25. ^ "Río Segura – Mapa Político – Región de Murcia Digital" (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  26. ^ "Cronologia de riadas en la cuenca del Segura" (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  27. ^ "Sierra de Columbares: una atalaya en el paisaje lunar" (PDF). Portal Ayuntamiento de Murcia. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  28. ^ "Los espacios naturales" (PDF). Portal Ayuntamiento de Murcia. pp. 1, 3. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  29. ^ Atlas global de la Región de Murcia (in Spanish). 2007. p. 491.
  30. ^ "Población – Portal Ayuntamiento de Murcia". Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  31. ^ "Cristo de Monteagudo : Web oficial turismo Región de Murcia" (in Spanish). Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  32. ^ "Pedanías". Portal Ayuntamiento de Murcia (in Spanish). Ministerio de Industria, Turismo y Comercio. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  33. ^ "Nomenclátor o Población del Padrón Continuo por unidad poblacional". Instituto Nacional de Estadística (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 August 2022.
  34. ^ M. Kottek; J. Grieser; C. Beck; B. Rudolf; F. Rubel (2006). "World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated". Meteorol. Z. 15 (3): 259–263. Bibcode:2006MetZe..15..259K. doi:10.1127/0941-2948/2006/0130. Retrieved 22 April 2009.
  35. ^ "Murcia – Geography And Climate | The English knowledge database". Retrieved 21 February 2018.
  36. ^ "Temporal en la Región de Murcia" (in Spanish). 28 October 2021.
  37. ^ "La nieve que trajo La Fuensanta (y que a La Fuensanta convirtió en patrona)" (in Spanish). 14 January 2021. Retrieved 14 July 2023.
  38. ^ Antonio Botías (3 February 2018). "Las nevadas «de la fin del mundo" (in Spanish). Retrieved 14 July 2023.
  39. ^ Meteorología, Aemetblog (18 August 2021). "La ola de calor del puente de agosto'21 y los récords de temperaturas en España". (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 August 2021.
  40. ^ "Normal values in Murcia (1984-2010)". AEMET. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  41. ^ "Extreme values in Murcia (1984-2021)". AEMET. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  42. ^ "Normal values in Alcantarilla, Base Aérea". AEMET. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  43. ^ "Extreme values in Alcantarilla, Base Aérea". AEMET. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  44. ^ "CREM – Datos Municipales Murcia – 5. Evolución de la población según nacionalidad". Portal Estadísitco de la Región de Murcia – CREM (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  45. ^ "Casi la mitad de los 30.000 gitanos de la Región sufren situación de hacinamiento". 14 December 2016.
  46. ^ "INEbase. Alterations to the municipalities". Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  47. ^ Boase, Roger (2017). Secrets of Pinar's Game (2 vols): Court Ladies and Courtly Verse in Fifteenth-Century Spain. BRILL. p. 755.
  48. ^ "Iglesia Catedral de Santa María-Historia – Región de Murcia Digital" (in Spanish). Retrieved 12 September 2018.
  49. ^ "Plaza del cardenal Belluga – Región de Murcia Digital" (in Spanish). Retrieved 16 January 2021.
  50. ^ "Glorieta de España – Región de Murcia Digital" (in Spanish). Retrieved 16 January 2021.
  51. ^ "Ayuntamiento o Casa Conssitorial de Murcia – Región de Murcia Digital" (in Spanish). Retrieved 16 January 2021.
  52. ^ "Ayuntamiento : Web oficial turismo Región de Murcia" (in Spanish). Retrieved 16 January 2020.
  53. ^ "El puente de Los Peligros de Murcia, declarado Bien de Interés Cultural". La Opinión de Murcia (in Spanish). 6 February 2020. Retrieved 16 January 2021.
  54. ^ "Puente de Hierro". Patrimonio Cultural de la Región de Murcia (in Spanish). 16 January 2021. Retrieved 16 January 2021.
  55. ^ "Monumentos y lugares" (in Spanish). Retrieved 12 September 2018.
  56. ^ "Museos – Portal Ayuntamiento de Murcia" (in Spanish). Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  57. ^ "Monasterio de Sta. Clara- Arquitectura – Región de Murcia Digital". Retrieved 16 January 2021.
  58. ^ Murcia, Instituto de Turismo de la Región de. "Museo de Santa Clara: Official Murcia Region tourist site". Retrieved 16 January 2021.
  59. ^ "Ibn Hud y el protectorado castellano – Región de Murcia Digital" (in Spanish). Retrieved 16 January 2021.
  60. ^ "Paseo del Malecón – Región de Murcia Digital" (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 January 2021.
  61. ^ "Santuario Ntra. Sra De La Fuensanta Murcia – Historia y Personajes". Región de Murcia Digital (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 September 2020.
  62. ^ "Santuario Ntra. Sra. de la Fuensanta: Web Oficial Turismo Región de Murcia" (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 September 2020.
  63. ^ "Historia de Guadalupe – Portal Ayuntamiento de Murcia" (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 September 2020.
  64. ^ "Teatro Romea – Región de Murcia Digital" (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 September 2020.
  65. ^ "Palacio Almudí – Región de Murcia Digital" (in Spanish). Retrieved 16 January 2021.
  66. ^ "Palacio del Almudí: Web oficial turismo Región de Murcia" (in Spanish). Retrieved 16 January 2021.
  67. ^ "Monteagudo – Región de Murcia Digital" (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 September 2020.
  68. ^ Murcia, Instituto de Turismo de la Región. "Salzillo Museum: Official Murcia Region tourist site". Retrieved 17 January 2021.
  69. ^ "Museo Arqueológico de Murcia│Ministerio de Cultura y Deporte. Gobierno de España" (in Spanish). Retrieved 15 January 2021.
  70. ^ "Murcia – Región de Murcia Digital" (in Spanish). Retrieved 22 September 2018.
  71. ^ "Concejalía de Cultura" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
  72. ^ "Murcia Three Cultures International Festival | Murcia, Spain". Whatsonwhen. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 10 April 2011.
  73. ^ "Fiestas de Churra- Fiestas Patronales – Región de Murcia Digital" (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 September 2020.
  74. ^ "Sangonera la Seca – Fiestas Locales -Región de Murcia Digital". Retrieved 4 September 2020.
  75. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 May 2021. Retrieved 4 September 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  76. ^ "La Arboleja- Fiestas Locales – Región de Murcia Digital" (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 September 2020.
  77. ^ "Torreagüera – Fiestas – Región de Murcia Digital" (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 September 2020.
  78. ^ "Javalí Nuevo– Fiestas – Región de Murcia Digital" (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 September 2020.
  79. ^ "Programa Fiestas Puente Sucina 2019 – La Guía W – La Guía definitiva – Encuentra lo que quieras, cuando quieras" (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 September 2020.
  80. ^ "El Palmar– Fiestas – Región de Murcia Digital" (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 September 2020.
  81. ^ "Fiestas de Puente Tocinos – Región de Murcia Digital" (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 September 2020.
  82. ^ "Sangonera La Verde– Fiestas Locales – Región de Murcia Digital" (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 September 2020.
  83. ^ "Jerónimo y Avileses – Fiestas Locales – Región de Murcia Digital" (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 September 2020.
  84. ^ "Programación Fiestas Puebla de Soto 2019 – La Guía W – La Guía Definitiva – Encuentra lo que quieras, donde quieras" (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 September 2020.
  85. ^ "CREM – Datos Municipales Murcia – 1. Evolución de la distribucion general de la tierra". Portal Estadístico de la Región de Murcia – CREM (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 September 2020.
  86. ^ a b "CREM – Datos Municipales de Murcia – 5. Evolución de los contratos de trabajo registrados según sector de la actividad económica. CNAE – 2009". Portal Estadístico de la Región de Murcia – CREM (in Spanish). Retrieved 11 January 2021.
  87. ^ a b "Cifras de empleo municipal. 2º semestre de 2016. Municipio de Murcia". – Murcia Empleo (in Spanish). p. 19. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
  88. ^ "Ley Orgánica 5/1985, de 19 de junio, del Régimen Electoral General". – Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). article 42, article 194. Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  89. ^ "Composición del Pleno – Portal Ayuntamiento de Murcia" (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  90. ^ "Composición de la Junta de Gobierno – Portal Ayuntamiento de Murcia". Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  91. ^ "Elecciones municipales 2007 MURCIA│" (in Spanish).
  92. ^ "Resultados Electorales en Murcia: Elecciones Municipales 2007 en EL PAÍS" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 19 September 2020. Retrieved 12 December 2020.
  93. ^ "Resultados Electorales en Murcia: Elecciones Municipales 2011 en EL PAÍS" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 19 September 2020. Retrieved 12 December 2020.
  94. ^ "Ballesta logra para el PP la alcaldía de Murcia y MC gobernará en Cartagena" (in Spanish). 13 June 2015.
  95. ^ Gonzálvez, Santiago Cabrera Catanesi, Erena Calvo, Elisa Reche, María José (25 March 2021). "PSOE, Ciudadanos y Podemos sacan adelante la moción de censura en Murcia y el PP pierde la alcaldía tras 26 años". (in Spanish). Retrieved 25 March 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  96. ^ "Fomento pone en servicio el tercer carril en la A-30 sentido Madrid - 160720nptercercarrila30murcia.pdf" (PDF). Ministerio de Transportes, Movilidad y Agenda Urbana (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  97. ^ "Autovía A‐7 ampliación a tercer carril por calzada entre los pp. kk. 627300Y650. Tramo: Alhama de Murcia – Enlace de Alcantarilla" (PDF). Ministerio de Transportes, Movilidad y Agenda Urbana (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  98. ^ a b "Carreteras CARM". – Carreteras de la Región de Murcia (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 January 2021.
  99. ^ "Listado de carreteras por municipio". – Portal CARM (in Spanish). Retrieved 30 January 2021.
  100. ^ "El Consejo de Ministros aprueba la creación de la sociedad concesionaria titular del contrato de gestión del Aeropuerto Internacional de la Región de Murcia (AIRM)". Ministerio de Transportes, Movilidad y Agenda Urbana (in Spanish).
  101. ^ "Passenger traffic at Spanish Airports – 2019" (PDF). AENA. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
  102. ^ "Murcia". Retrieved 21 March 2023.
  103. ^ "Estación de Renfe – Murcia el Carmen : Web oficial turismo Región de Murcia". Retrieved 16 January 2021.
  104. ^ "Tren Murcia a Madrid │Renfe│Toda la información sobre la línea de tren. 2021 - Las mejores ofertas". Retrieved 7 February 2021.
  105. ^ a b "Mapa de líneas de Renfe" (in Spanish). Retrieved 7 January 2021.
  106. ^ "Líneas". Renfe (in Spanish). Retrieved 7 February 2021.
  107. ^ "Catálogo de hospitales. Región de Murcia 2011". MurciaSalud, el portal sanitario de la Región de Murcia. Catalogo 10 sheet. Retrieved 14 January 2021.
  108. ^ "Hospital Clínico Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca". MurciaSalud, el portal sanitario de la Región de Murcia (in Spanish). Retrieved 14 January 2021.
  109. ^ "Hospital General Universitario Reina Sofía". MurciaSalud, el portal sanitario de la Región de Murcia (in Spanish). Retrieved 15 January 2021.
  110. ^ "Hospital General Universitario Morales Meseguer". MurciaSalud, el portal sanitario de la Región de Murcia (in Spanish). Retrieved 15 January 2021.
  111. ^ "MurciaSalud, el portal sanitario de la Región de Murcia. Centros Sanitarios" (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 September 2020.
  112. ^ "Murcia, el portal sanitario de la Región de Murcia. Centros Sanitarios" (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 September 2020.
  113. ^ "American School of Murcia - International private school".
  114. ^ "Los escolares murcianos inician el curso". Ayuntamiento de Murcia (in Spanish). 7 September 2018. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  115. ^ a b "Listado de centros". Portal de Transparencia – Región de Murcia (in Spanish). p. 38. Archived from the original on 14 February 2017. Retrieved 22 December 2020.
  116. ^ "Nous contacter" (in French). Lycée Français André Malraux de Murcie. Archived from the original on 27 February 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2016. Adresse: Avenida del Golf, 107 Urbanización Altorreal Apartado de correos 133 30506 MOLINA DE SEGURA (Provincia de Murcia) ESPAGNE
  117. ^ " – Centro Público de Educación para Personas Adultas García Alix de Murcia" (in Spanish).
  118. ^ "". Jorge Ruiz, de Maldita Nerea: "voy a la contra del pop que canta al desamor" (in Spanish). 19 May 2016. Retrieved 10 November 2020.
  119. ^ "El CAV Murcia, campeón al vencer por 3-0 al Universidad de Burgos". As (in Spanish). Retrieved 29 January 2021.
  120. ^ "Éxito del Murcia 2005". La Opinión de Murcia (in Spanish). 10 May 2008. Retrieved 21 January 2021.
  121. ^ "CAV Murcia 2005 gana la Copa". 20minutos. 30 January 2011. Retrieved 29 January 2021.
  122. ^ "Seis años plagados de éxitos". La Opinión de Murcia. 1 February 2011. Retrieved 21 January 2021.
  123. ^ Gómez, Luis (1 June 2013). "Mentira, dinero, voleibol y un doble asesinato". El País (in Spanish). Retrieved 29 January 2021.
  124. ^ Pastoriza, Rocío (31 May 2019). "League of Legends: La historia de Origen, el equipo español más famoso de LoL│". Marca (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 January 2021.
  125. ^ "Todo sobre el equipo Origen. Ultimas noticias y sus jugadores – Movistar eSports" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 29 September 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2021.
  126. ^ Álvaro, Guiñón (21 November 2018). "Origen competirá desde Dinamarca". Movistar eSports (in Spanish). Retrieved 29 January 2021.
  127. ^ "Hermanamientos sí, pero con estrategia". (in Spanish). La Verdad. 11 June 2018. Retrieved 31 December 2019.

Bibliography edit

External links edit