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Baix Maestrat (Valencian pronunciation: [ˈbajʒ maesˈtɾat], Spanish: Bajo Maestrazgo) is a coastal comarca located in the north of the province of Castellón, Valencian Community, Spain. The capital of the comarca is Vinaròs.

Baix Maestrat
Comarca
Localització del Baix Maestrat respecte del País Valencià.png
Country Spain
Autonomous community Valencian Community
ProvinceCastellón
CapitalVinaròs
Municipalities
Area
 • Total1,221.32 km2 (471.55 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total77,673
 • Density64/km2 (160/sq mi)
Demonym(s) 
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Largest municipalityVinaròs

Contents

MunicipalitiesEdit

 

Municipality Population Surface area Density
Vinaròs 28,292 95.46 296.36
Benicarló 26,429 47.86 552.21
Peniscola 7,413 78.97 93.87
Alcalà de Xivert 6,796 167.56 40.56
Càlig 1,959 27.47 71.31
Sant Mateu 1,958 64.62 30.30
Traiguera 1,434 59.76 24.00
Rossell 987 74.93 13.17
Sant Jordi/San Jorge 937 36.49 25.68
Santa Magdalena de Polpís 765 66.49 11.51
La Salzadella 743 49.92 14.88
Chert/Xert 733 82.51 8.88
Canet lo Roig 706 68.67 10.28
La Jana 700 19.50 35.90
Cervera del Maestrat 684 93.24 7.34
San Rafael del Río 464 21.15 21.94
La Pobla de Benifassà 203 136.00 1.49
Castell de Cabres 17 30.72 0.55

Data from National Institute of Statistics 2017

GeographyEdit

The comarca borders to the north-west with the province of Teruel (Aragon), to the north-east with the province of Tarragona (Catalonia), to the east with the Mediterranean Sea, to the south with the comarca of Plana Alta (Castellón, Valencia) and to the west with the comarcas of Alt Maestrat (Castellón, Valencia) and Els Ports (Castellón, Valencia).

Within the comarca lies Serra d'Irta, an 18.8 km long mountain range and the largest undeveloped coastal area within the Valencian Community. The range includes the Natural Park of Serra d'Irta, which was declared a protected area by the Valencian Regional Government on July 16, 2002.

Economic activitiesEdit

The area’s traditional economic activities include agriculture (citrus fruits, olive trees, artichokes) and fishing. Artichokes from Benicarló are covered by a geographic designation of origin.

Historical delimitationsEdit

The current comarca of Baix Maestrat also includes the historical subcomarcas of Tinença de Benifassà and Plana de Vinaròs. The localities of Albocàsser and Tírig (today located in Alt Maestrat), and Les Coves de Vinromà, Sarratella, La Torre d'en Doménec, and Vilanova d'Alcolea (in Plana Alta), were also formerly part of the historic comarca.

See alsoEdit

Coordinates: 40°28′15″N 0°28′29″E / 40.47083°N 0.47472°E / 40.47083; 0.47472