Alcalà de Xivert

Alcalà de Xivert (Spanish: Alcalá de Chivert; Catalan: Alcalà de Xivert) is a town and municipality in the Baix Maestrat comarca, province of Castelló, Valencian Community, Spain.

Alcalà de Xivert
Coat of arms of Alcalà de Xivert
Coat of arms
Alcalà de Xivert is located in Spain
Alcalà de Xivert
Alcalà de Xivert
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 40°18′15″N 0°13′32″E / 40.30417°N 0.22556°E / 40.30417; 0.22556Coordinates: 40°18′15″N 0°13′32″E / 40.30417°N 0.22556°E / 40.30417; 0.22556
CountrySpain
Autonomous communityValencian Community
ProvinceCastelló
ComarcaPlana Alta
Judicial districtCastelló de la Plana
Area
 • Total167.5 km2 (64.7 sq mi)
Elevation
155 m (509 ft)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total6,679
 • Density40/km2 (100/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Xivertí, xivertina
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
12570
Official language(s)Valencian

GeographyEdit

The main town is located inland in a flat valley between the two mountain ranges of Serra d'Irta and Serra de les Talaies. There is no river in the valley; instead the water emerges in natural ponds known as basses.[2]

 
Localisation of Alcalà de Xivert in the Valencian Community

HistoryEdit

Its castle occupied a strong position for the control of the routes along the Mediterranean coast. Here stood a Moorish castle (the name of the town derives from Arabic al-qalat = "the castle") that was captured by James I of Aragon in 1234, who also resettled the place with Christian villagers.

On 30 August 1905, scientists came from all over the world to Alcalà de Xivert to watch a total solar eclipse which covered an area from the coast of North Africa to the North-East of Spain.[3]

In contemporary times the economy of the town is devoted mainly to tourism, with several beaches and a busy marina at the villages located on the coast, Alcossebre, Capicorb and Les Fonts.

VillagesEdit

Sites of interestEdit

 
The bell-tower of the main church at Alcalà de Xivert.

The landmark of the town is the Esglèsia de Sant Joan Baptista (Church of Saint John the Baptist), built in 1736–1766, with a large dome, a noteworthy Baroque portal, and a 68-metre-high tower, which is visible from many miles away.

The castle of Xivert, was built by the Moors in the 12th century and later conquered by the Knights Templar.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Municipal Register of Spain 2018. National Statistics Institute.
  2. ^ "Paco González Ramírez - El País Valencià, poble a poble, comarca a comarca". Archived from the original on 2007-05-13. Retrieved 2010-10-12.
  3. ^ Fabricio Cardenas, Vieux papiers des Pyrénées-Orientales, Eclipse solaire de 1905 à Perpignan, 20 March 2015
  4. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estadística (Spain)INE 2008 census

External linksEdit