Marina Baixa

Marina Baixa (Valencian pronunciation: [maˈɾina ˈβajʃa]) is a comarca in the Valencian Community, Spain. It is bordered by the comarques of Comtat on the northwest, Marina Alta on the northeast, Alacantí and Alcoià on the west and the Mediterranean Sea on the east.

Marina Baixa
Flag
Coat of arms
Localització de la Marina Baixa respecte del País Valencià.png
Country Spain
Autonomous community Valencian Community
ProvinceAlicante
CapitalVillajoyosa
Municipalities
Area
 • Total605.15 km2 (233.65 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)[1]
 • Total188,623
 • Density310/km2 (810/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Largest municipalityRelleu

The interior of this comarca is mountainous, and it is dominated by the Serra d'Aitana whose highest peak is 1,500 m. The local fauna is composed by eagles, hawks, crows, blackbirds, swallows, foxes, wildcats, wild boars and many smaller animals. Rosemaries, pines, medlars and carobtrees are commonplace flora. The terrain is calcareous, so the landscape shows impressive caves and natural archways and fountains.

Tourism is the main economic resource. Fruit trees (especially orange and lemon trees), olive and almond trees are cultivated. The population of this comarca strongly increased in the last twenty years.

MunicipalitiesEdit

The comarca of la Marina Baixa comprises 18 municipalities, listed below with their areas and populations:

Name Area
in km2
Population
(2001)
[2]
Population
(2011)
[3]
Population
(2019)
[4]
L'Alfàs del Pi 19.3 11,103 19,802 20,482
Altea 34.4 15,910 22,385 22,290
Beniardà 15.7 245 209 232
Benidorm 38.5 51,873 68,045 68,721
Benifato 11.9 166 193 140
Benimantell 37.9 402 483 483
Bolulla 13.6 358 408 420
Callosa d'En Sarrià 34.7 7,057 7,653 7,373
El Castell de Guadalest 40.0 180 227 217
Confrides 42.2 309 283 187
Finestrat 42.5 2,307 6,099 6,715
La Nucia 21.4 6,587 17,096 18,603
Orxeta 24.1 528 875 736
Polop 22.6 2,300 4,159 4,965
Relleu 76.9 800 1,208 1,160
Sella 38.7 591 607 580
Tàrbena 31.7 715 721 646
Villajoyosa / La Vila Joiosa 59.2 23,657 32,649 34,673
Totals 605.3 125,088 183,102 188,623

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Official estimate as at 1 January 2019: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Madrid, 2019.
  2. ^ Census of 1 November 2001: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Madrid, 2019.
  3. ^ Census of 1 November 2011: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Madrid, 2019.
  4. ^ Official estimate as at 1 January 2019: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Madrid, 2019.

Coordinates: 38°36′02″N 0°12′54″W / 38.6005°N 0.214919°W / 38.6005; -0.214919