Timișoara Traian Vuia International Airport
Timișoara Traian Vuia International Airport (IATA: TSR, ICAO: LRTR) is an international airport serving Timișoara, Romania. Located in the historical region of Banat, the airport is named in honour of Traian Vuia, a Romanian flight pioneer and a Timiș County native. It is the third-busiest Romanian airport in terms of air traffic, and the main air transportation hub for the western part of Romania and for the Danube–Criș–Mureș–Tisa Euroregion. The airport serves as an operating base for Wizz Air, and is considered a backup airport for Bucharest, Budapest, and Belgrade.
Timișoara Traian Vuia International Airport
Aeroportul Internațional „Traian Vuia” Timișoara
|Owner||Ministry of Transport|
|Operator||Romanian Civil Aeronautical Authority|
|Location||Ghiroda, Timiș County|
|Opened||February 28, 1964|
|Focus city for|
|Time zone||EET (+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (+3)|
Timișoara's first airport, Timișoara Communal Airport, was built a few kilometers away from the current airport's position, in the village of Moșnița Veche. The first aircraft landed there on July 17, 1935. The airport was rebuilt in its current location in the 1960s and became known as Giarmata Airport. The domestic terminal was opened on February 28, 1964.
In the 1980s it was designated as an international airport and was upgraded with a CAT IIIa instrument landing system. The runway was extended from 2,500 to 3,500 metres and terminal buildings for international flights, control tower, the official hall and the administrative building were constructed. The airport was named after aeronautics pioneer Traian Vuia on February 6, 2003. The following year work to expand the international terminal commenced; and in 2006 the aircraft parking facilities were enlarged. These measures were taken to cater to increasing air traffic and the construction of a new parking lot and an access road in the airport. The extension works for the international terminal were completed in 2007. In 2010 work to expand the domestic terminal was completed.
In 2016, the development of airport infrastructure began, in particular the expansion of the terminal. A terminal of domestic arrivals is scheduled to be completed by March 2019[needs update]. This will expand the area of the existing terminal by 3,000 m². The new terminal will be able to manage simultaneously three passenger flows, and will be provided with seven checkpoints, three luggage transport systems, the customs control area and shops. In the second phase, the existing facade will be expanded and modified. A terminal for external[clarification needed] departures is also scheduled to be completed by the end of 2019. The capacity of the terminal will increase by 150% as 10 new boarding gates, 12 check-ins and eight checkpoints will be built, alongside six security checkpoints, shopping facilities and the public catering area. The new terminals will be built in the eastern part of the airport, in the extension of the current Official Salon. The project is estimated at 17 million euros. The road connecting the city with the airport will also be enlarged to four lanes.
There are plans for an Airport City, a complex and innovative concept for Romania, through which will be built, in addition to air, road and rail transport facilities, hotels, restaurants, shops, conference centers and exhibition halls, with public and private funding sources.
Giarmata Airport was home to the Romanian Air Force RoAF 93rd Air Base, founded in 1953. The 93rd Air Base was disbanded in September 2004 with the MiG-21 Lancers and IAR 330 moving to Câmpia Turzii for reassignment to the 71st Air Base. Buildings and land belonging to former 93rd Air Base, totalling 240 hectares, were transferred to Timișoara Airport in 2006. The air base also operated the MiG-23 Flogger, which was retired in early 2002. Over 30 MiG-23s are in storage at Timișoara Airport. Nowadays, the military section of the airport is an annex of the 71st Air Base.
Airlines and destinationsEdit
|Aegean Airlines||Seasonal charter: Heraklion|
|Air Bucharest||Seasonal charter: Antalya, Enfidha|
|Blue Air||Seasonal: Bucharest|
Seasonal charter: Antalya, Heraklion, Hurghada, Zakynthos
|Corendon Airlines||Seasonal charter: Antalya|
|Freebird Airlines||Seasonal charter: Antalya|
|TAROM||Bucharest, Iași |
Seasonal charter: Antalya, Skiathos
|Wizz Air||Barcelona, Bari, Beauvais, Bergamo, Billund, Bologna, Charleroi, Doncaster/Sheffield, Dortmund, Hahn, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, London–Luton, Madrid, Memmingen, Nuremberg, Rome–Ciampino, Tel Aviv, Treviso, Valencia|
|ASL Airlines Belgium||Katowice, Liège, Munich|
The airport's traffic rose significantly in the past ten years. Although, it experienced dramatic decrease after the bankruptcy of Carpatair, authorities of the airport announced that the negative trend should come to an end by 2015. In 2016 the airport handled 1,160,482 passengers and it is expected that the traffic numbers will reach 1.7 million passengers in 2017.
|Year||Passengers (% change from prior year)||Aircraft movements (% change from prior year)||Cargo (tones, % change from prior year)|
|Bucharest||Henri Coandă International Airport||Blue Air, Ryanair, TAROM|
|Munich||Franz Josef Strauß Airport||Lufthansa|
|Bergamo||Orio al Serio International Airport||Ryanair, Wizz Air|
|London||Luton Airport||Wizz Air|
|Memmingen||Memmingen Airport||Wizz Air|
|Dortmund||Dortmund Airport||Wizz Air|
|Iași||Iași International Airport||N/A||TAROM|
|Bari||Bari Karol Wojtyła Airport||Wizz Air|
|Charleroi||Brussels South Charleroi Airport||Wizz Air|
|Beauvais||Beauvais–Tillé Airport||Wizz Air|
|Rome||Rome-Ciampino Airport||Wizz Air|
|London||56,407||73,856||30.9%||144,132||95.2%||233,144||61.6%||Ryanair, Wizz Air|
|Bergamo||55,096||82,189||49.2%||101,791||23.8%||165,244||62.3%||Ryanair, Wizz Air|
|Charleroi||3,960||29,236||738.3%||44,326||51.6%||76,712||73.1%||Ryanair, Wizz Air|
The airport is located 12 km northeast of the center of Timișoara. Access to the airport is via Calea Dorobanților and the European route E70, through a roundabout near the village of Ghiroda. A slightly longer alternative (but with less traffic flow) is to exit Timișoara on Calea Dorobanților and drive through the village Giarmata Vii instead, before heading back towards the airport. A third option, starting in the northern part of the city, is to use the ring road (DNCT) which, also through a roundabout, is connected with the road to the airport.
Taxi cabs have dedicated parking in front of the two terminals. The average cost for a ride to the city center is likely to fall within the range of 50-55 RON, depending on exact route and traffic flow. Ride-sharing services are not acknowledged by the airport, however the parking lot can be crossed on foot in a few minutes, and a car ordered at the entrance.
The STPT Expres 4 line (E4) connects the terminal to the city center. The bus runs approximately once per hour on weekdays, and less frequently on weekends. Timetables are printed and displayed near the bus station. Electronic timetables are also available, however the accuracy of the data is often questionable.
Since September 13, 2012, the Expres 4 barat line connects the airport directly with Timișoara North railway station, the main station in the city. However, this bus only runs a few times per day, to connect the more important flights.
Paper tickets can be purchased inside the airport. One ticket costs 2,5 lei, and permits travel for up to one hour after the start of the journey.
|STPT||E4||Bastion||Cartier Aeroport–Ghiroda (DN6)–Piața Badea Cârțan||Every 40-60 minutes|
|E4 barat||Gara de Nord||Ghiroda (DN6)–Piața Badea Cârțan–Bastion–Piața 700||Depends on flight schedule|
There are plans in the future to build a new railway from the airport terminal itself to the Central Station in the city centre. Currently there is a branch line which runs to the airport but it is only used for cargo trains.
- Nicoleta Trifan (17 January 2017). "Traficul pe 2016, peste așteptări la Aeroportul Internațional Timișoara". Aerotim (in Romanian).
- "Istoric". Aerotim.
- Nicoleta Trifan (21 December 2017). "Aeroportul Internațional Timișoara, la final de an". Aerotim (in Romanian).
- Roxana Tîrpe-Manasia (22 December 2016). "Aeroportul Internațional Timișoara în 2016". Aerotim (in Romanian).
- Bogdan Marta (25 December 2017). "Două noi terminale vor fi construite la Aeroportul Internațional Timișoara". TION (in Romanian).
- Ștefan Both (22 December 2017). "Cum va arăta din 2019 Aeroportul Internațional Timișoara. 17 milioane de euro investiți pentru două terminale noi". Adevărul (in Romanian).
- "Noi oportunități pentru Aeroportul Timișoara: Airport City" (PDF). Aerotim (in Romanian). p. 9.
- Otilia Halunga (20 July 2013). "Timiș: Acrobații cu aeronavele IAR Puma, pe Aerodromul Giarmata, de Ziua Forțelor Aeriene Române". AGERPRES (in Romanian).
- "Baza aeriană de la Timișoara va fi desființată". Adevărul (in Romanian). 20 April 2004.
- Alina Sabou (13 April 2006). "Terenurile de la Baza Aeriană Giarmata au revenit Aeroportului Timișoara". HotNews (in Romanian).
- "Evoluție trafic". Aerotim (in Romanian).
- "Anker-report.com EATS-European Airport Traffic Statistics". The Anker Report.
- "Frecvență destinații". aerotim.ro. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
- "Localizare". Aerotim (in Romanian).
- "Transport aerogară". Aerotim (in Romanian).
- "Aeroport - Bastion" (PDF). RAT Timișoara (in Romanian).
- "Expres 4B" (PDF). RAT Timișoara (in Romanian).
- Liliana Iedu (11 September 2012). "RATT înființează o nouă linie de transport în Timișoara: Expres 4 barat, care leagă Aeroportul de Gara de Nord. Vezi întreg traseul!". Opinia Timișoarei (in Romanian).