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Câmpia Turzii (Romanian pronunciation: [kɨmˌpi.a ˈturzij]; German: Jerischmarkt; Hungarian: Aranyosgyéres) is a municipality in Cluj County, Romania, which was formed in 1925 by the union of two villages, Ghiriş (Aranyosgyéres) and Sâncrai (Szentkirály). It was declared a town in 1950 and a city in 1998.

Câmpia Turzii
Municipality
Câmpia Turzii town hall
Câmpia Turzii town hall
Coat of arms of Câmpia Turzii
Coat of arms
Câmpia Turzii is located in Romania
Câmpia Turzii
Location on Romania map
Coordinates: 46°32′55″N 23°52′48″E / 46.54861°N 23.88000°E / 46.54861; 23.88000Coordinates: 46°32′55″N 23°52′48″E / 46.54861°N 23.88000°E / 46.54861; 23.88000
Country Romania
County Cluj County
StatusMunicipality
Government
 • MayorDorin Lojigan (PNL)
Area
 • Total23.78 km2 (9.18 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 census)[1]
 • Total22,223
 • Density930/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Websitehttp://www.campiaturzii.ro/

The village of Sâncrai was mentioned in a 1219 document as "villa Sancti Regis" ("village of Holy King"),[2] while Ghiriş was first documented in 1292 as "Terra Gerusteleke" ("Gerusteleke", literally meaning "plot of Gerus" in Hungarian).

Michael the Brave was murdered by agents of Giorgio Basta at the current location of Câmpia Turzii on August 9, 1601.

Câmpia Turzii is the "city of adoption" of Toulouse.[citation needed]

PopulationEdit

Ethnic composition of Câmpia Turzii
Year Romanians Hungarians Romani
1850 49% 40% 10%
2002 census[3] 87.03% 8.16% 4.66%

The population has evolved as follows since 1784:

  • 1784: Ghiriş: 565; Sâncrai: 472
  • 1850: Ghiriş: 1,168; Sâncrai: 487
  • 1910: Ghiriş: 1,815; Sâncrai: 704
  • 1930 census: 4,124
  • 1948 census: 6,310
  • 1956 census: 11,518
  • 1977 census: 22,418
  • 2002 census: 26,823
  • 2011 census: 22,223

Military activityEdit

The city is home to the Romanian Air Force's RoAF 71st Air Base, and during the NATO Summit of 2008, the 323rd Air Expeditionary Wing of the United States Air Force. F-15s from RAF Lakenheath in the United Kingdom flew out during the summit to augment air defence forces for the event.

In April 2015, a U.S. Air Force group of A-10 Thunderbolt attack aircraft stationed in Germany arrived at the RoAF 71st Air Base to take part in exercises with the Romanian Air Force.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. January 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
  2. ^ There were two Hungarian kings canonised by this time, Stephen I of Hungary and Ladislaus I of Hungary. Ladislaus was personally involved in several battles against Cuman invaders in this region.
  3. ^ Centrul de Resurso. "Structura Etno-demografică a României". Retrieved 10 July 2012.
  4. ^ "U.S. Air Force A-10 Thunderbolt II jets have deployed to Romania". theaviationist.com. 30 March 2015.