( Romania ; ro- MAY-nee-ə Romanian: România [ r o m ɨ ˈ n i . a ] () is a country located at the crossroads of ) listen Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe. It shares land borders with Bulgaria to the south, Ukraine to the north, Hungary to the west, Serbia to the southwest, and Moldova to the east and has its opening to the Black Sea. It has a predominantly temperate- continental climate. With a total area of 238,397 square kilometres (92,046 square miles), Romania is the twelfth-largest country in Europe and the sixth-most populous member state of the European Union, having approximately 19.3 million inhabitants (as of 2020). Its capital and largest city is Bucharest. Other major urban areas include Cluj-Napoca, Timișoara, Iași, Constanța, Craiova, Brașov, and Galați.
River Danube, Europe's second-longest river, rises in Germany's Black Forest and flows in a generally southeasterly direction for 2,857 km (1,775 mi), coursing through ten countries before emptying into Romania's Danube Delta. The Carpathian Mountains, which cross Romania from the north to the southwest, include Moldoveanu Peak, at an altitude of 2,544 m (8,346 ft). ( )
Map of Romania's railway system
( Căile Ferate Române Romanian pronunciation: ; abbreviated as the [ˈkə.ile feˈrate roˈmɨne] CFR) is the state railway carrier of Romania. As of 2014, the railway network of Romania consists of 10,777 km (6,697 mi), of which 4,029 km (2,504 mi) (37.4%) are electrified. The total track length is 22,247 km (13,824 mi), of which 8,585 km (5,334 mi) (38.5%) are electrified. The CIA World Factbook lists Romania with the 23rd largest railway network in the world. The network is significantly interconnected with other European railway networks, providing pan-European passenger and freight services. CFR as an entity has been operating since 1880, even though the first railway on current Romanian territory was opened in 1854. CFR is divided into four autonomous companies:
CFR Călători, responsible for passenger services;
, responsible for freight transport; CFR Marfă
CFR Infrastructură or CFR S.A., manages the infrastructure on the Romanian railway network; and Societatea Feroviară de Turism, or SFT, which manages scenic and tourist railways.
CFR is headquartered in
Bucharest and has regional divisions centered in Bucharest, Brașov, Cluj-Napoca, Constanța, Craiova, Galați, Iași and Timișoara. Its International Union of Railways code is 53-CFR. ( )
Recent events in Romania
Wikiproject Things you can do
Requested articles: Theater in Romania/ Theatre in Romania, Virgil Gheorghiu (poet), Ion Brad Translation from Romanian: ro:Adrian Sobaru - Adrian Sobaru, ro:Lacul Avrig - Avrig Lake, ro:Letea, Tulcea - Letea, Tulcea Expand: Bârlad, Romanian lexis, Mihai Leu, Lia Manoliu, Theodor Aman, CFR Cluj, High Court of Cassation and Justice, Health Care in Romania, Development regions of Romania Cleanup: Cinema of Romania, Culture of Romania, Northern Transylvania You can locate significant places in Bucharest using a special map here, which has a unique 3D view.
is situated near Bran Castle Bran and in the immediate vicinity of Brașov, is a national monument and landmark in Romania, and is commonly known outside Romania as Dracula's Castle.
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The following are images from various Romania-related articles on Wikipedia.
The medieval and picturesque Transylvanian Saxon town of
Sighișoara ( German: Schäßburg)
Proclamation of Union between Transylvania and Romania
Illustration featuring the Romanian coat of arms and tricolor
German: Hermannstadt), the 2007 European Capital of Culture
Physical and administrative map of Romania, with the
historic regions in grey ( Țara Românească means Wallachia).
University Square in Bucharest during
Romania's borders during World War II (1941–1944)
A map of Romania after WWII.
Southern traditional Romanian costumes from Bucharest, late 19th century
Winter picture of
Chiajna Monastery. The monastery is situated on the outskirts of Bucharest
Harvest time in Romania, early 20th century
Baked potatoes with steak and cucumber salad
Neacșu's letter is the oldest surviving document written in
Seal of Michael the Brave during the personal union of the two Romanian principalities with Transylvania
Engraving of a fairy tale scene, featuring Prince Charming (
Făt-Frumos) and a dragon ( zmeu).
Red Army is greeted in Bucharest, August 1944
The Principalities of
Moldavia and Wallachia in 1786, Italian map by G. Pittori, since the geographer Giovanni Antonio Rizzi Zannoni.
Territories inhabited by Romanians before WWI.
Romanian territory during the 20th century: purple indicates the Old Kingdom before 1913, orange indicates Greater Romania areas that joined or were annexed after the
Second Balkan War and WWI but were lost after WWII, and pink indicates areas that joined Romania after WWI and remained so after WWII.
Map of Europe in 1648 showing Transylvania and the two Romanian principalities: Wallachia and Moldavia
Great Romania (1920–1940)
Baked pumpkin with powdered sugar and cinnamon
Timeline of the borders of Romania between 1859 and 2010
Romanian keyboard with special characters
Bombing of Concordia Vega oil refinery in Ploești by USAAF B-24s, 31 May 1944 — restored
Lightning over Oradea Romania 3
Wally (soprano), figurino di Adolf Hohenstein per La Wally (1892) - Archivio Storico Ricordi ICON004639 - Restoration
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