Romanian troops at Mărășești
battlefield in 1917.
The Kingdom of Romania
was neutral for the first two years of World War I
, entering on the side of the Allied powers
from 27 August 1916 until Central Power
occupation led to the Treaty of Bucharest
in May 1918, before reentering the war on 10 November 1918.
It had the most significant oil fields in Europe, and Germany eagerly bought its petroleum, as well as food exports. King Carol
favored Germany but after his death in 1914, King Ferdinand
and the nation's political elite favored the Entente. For Romania, the highest priority was taking Transylvania
from Hungary, with its 3,000,000 Romanians. The Allies
wanted Romania to join its side in order to cut the rail communications between Germany and Turkey, and to cut off Germany's oil supplies. Britain made loans, France sent a military training mission
, and Russia promised modern munitions. The Allies promised at least 200,000 soldiers to defend Romania against Bulgaria to the south, and help it invade Austria.
The Romanian campaign
was part of the Balkan theatre
of World War I
, with Romania
allied with Britain and France against the Central Powers
of Germany, Austria, and Turkey. Fighting took place from August 1916 to December 1917 across most of present-day Romania, including Transylvania
, which was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire
at the time, as well as in southern Dobruja
, which is currently part of Bulgaria
. Read more...