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Location of Romania within Europe

Romania (dated: Rumania, Roumania; Romanian: România, [ro.mɨˈni.a]) is a country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeastern Europe. It shares a border with Hungary to the north-west, Serbia to the south-west, Ukraine to the north and a small portion in the central-east border, Republic of Moldova to the north-east, and Bulgaria to the south. Romania has a stretch of sea coast along the Black Sea in the south-east. It is located roughly in the lower basin of the Danube and almost all of the Danube Delta is located within its territory.

Romania is a semi-presidential unitary state. As a nation-state, the country was formed by the merging of Moldavia and Wallachia in 1859 and it gained recognition of its independence in 1878. Later, in 1918, they were joined by Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia. At the end of World War II, parts of its territories (roughly the present day Moldova) were occupied by USSR and Romania became a member of Warsaw Pact. With the fall of the Iron Curtain in 1989, Romania started a series of political and economic reforms that enabled Romania to join the European Union on 1 January 2007.

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Romanian cuisine is a diverse blend of different dishes from several traditions with which it has come into contact, but it also maintains its own character. It has been mainly influenced by a series of European cuisines such as the Austrian cuisine, German cuisine, Greek cuisine, or Hungarian cuisine, yet it also includes culinary elements stemming from the cuisines of the Slavic-speaking countries of Eastern and Central Europe, most notably Serbian and Bulgarian as well as Polish, Ukrainian, and Russian.

There are quite a few different types of dishes, which are sometimes included under a generic term; for example, the category ciorbă includes a wide range of soups with a characteristic sour taste. These may be meat and vegetable soups, tripe (ciorbă de burtă) and calf foot soups, or fish soups, all of which are soured by lemon juice, sauerkraut juice, vinegar, or borș (traditionally made from bran). The category țuică (plum brandy) is a name for a strong alcoholic spirit in Romania. Read more...

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Salina Turda, municipiul Turda - detalii 01.JPG
Salina Turda is a salt mine in the Durgău-Valea Sărată area of Turda, Cluj County, Romania that opened for tourists in 1992.

Did you know

  • ...that Romania's Palace of Parliament, despite the building process not being completely finished, is the biggest building in Europe and the second-largest building in the world?

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Parent portals: Europe | European Union