Mehedinți County (Romanian pronunciation: [meheˈdint͡sʲ] (listen)) is a county (județ) of Romania on the border with Serbia and Bulgaria. It is mostly located in the historical province of Oltenia, with one municipality (Orșova) and three communes (Dubova, Eșelnița, and Svinița) located in the Banat. The county seat is Drobeta-Turnu Severin.
|Historical region||Oltenia, Banat|
|• Total||4,933 km2 (1,905 sq mi)|
|• Density||52/km2 (130/sq mi)|
|Telephone code||(+40) 252 or (+40) 352|
|ISO 3166 code||RO-MH|
|GDP (nominal)||US$ 1.278 billion (2015)|
|GDP per capita||US$ 5,024 (2015)|
In 2011, it had a population of 254,570 and the population density was 51.6/km2.
This county has a total area of 4,933 km2.
The heights decrease towards the East, passing through the hills to a high plain - the Western end of the Romanian Plain.
In the South the Danube flows, forming a wide valley, with channels and ponds. Another important river is the Motru River in the East side, an affluent of the Jiu River. Also, in the West side there is the Cerna River forming a passage between the Oltenia region and the Banat region.
The energetic sector is highly developed in the county, on the Danube being two big hydro electrical power plants (Iron Gates I and Iron Gates II). Also in NE of Drobeta-Turnu Severin there is a heavy water complex (Romag Prod).
The predominant industries in the county are:
- Chemical industry.
- Food and beverages industry.
- Textile industry.
- Mechanical components industry.
- Railway and ship equipment industry.
- Wood and paper industry.
The South is mainly agricultural, suited for growing cereals on large surfaces. Also vegetables are cultivated and there are important surfaces of wines and fruit orchards.
The main tourist destinations are:
|Party||Seats||Current County Council|
|Social Democratic Party (PSD)||15|
|National Liberal Party (PNL)||11|
|PRO Romania (PRO)||2|
|People's Movement Party (PMP)||2|
Mehedinți County has 2 municipalities, 3 towns and 61 communes
- Burila Mare
- Gârla Mare
- Izvoru Bârzii
- Obârșia de Câmp
- Pădina Mare
- Poroina Mare
|Capital city (Reședință de județ)||Turnu Severin|
|• Total||5,320 km2 (2,050 sq mi)|
|• Density||57/km2 (150/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
Historically, the county was located in the southwestern part of Greater Romania, in the western part of the historical region of Oltenia. Its capital was Târgu Jiu. The interwar county territory comprised a large part of the current Mehedinți County. At present, its territory comprises a large part of the current territory of Mehedinţi County except for the northern part belonging to Gorj County, while a small part of the former Severin County where Orsova was located is currently part of Mehedinti County.
It was bordered on the west by the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, in the northwest by Severin County, to the north by Hunedoara County, to the east by the counties of Gorj and Dolj, and in the south by the Kingdom of Bulgaria.
- Plasa Câmpul
- Plasa Cloșani, headquartered at Cloșani
- Plasa Motru, headquartered at Motru
- Plasa Ocolul, headquartered at Turnu Severin
Subsequently, Plasa Câmpul was disbanded and replaced with five more districts:
- Plasa Bâcleș, headquartered at Bâcleș
- Plasa Broșteni, headquartered at Broșteni
- Plasa Cujmir, headquartered at Cujmiru
- Plasa Devesel, headquartered at Devesel
- Plasa Vânju Mare, headquartered at Vânju Mare
According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 303,878 inhabitants, ethnically divided as follows: 98.7% Romanians, 1.2% Romanis, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the population was 99.0% Eastern Orthodox, 0.5% Roman Catholic, 0.2% Jewish, as well as other minorities.
In 1930, the county's urban population comprised 91.3% Romanians, 2.5% Germans, 1.3% Romanies, 1.3% Jews, 1.1% Serbs and Croats, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 92.9% Eastern Orthodox, 4.3% Roman Catholic, 1.5% Jewish, 0.4% Greek Catholic, 0.4% Lutheran, as well as other minorities.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mehedinți County.|
- The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
- National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie" Archived August 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002" Archived September 22, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
- "Rezultatele finale ale alegerilor locale din 2020" (Json) (in Romanian). Autoritatea Electorală Permanentă. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
- Portretul României Interbelice - Județul Mehedinți