Iași County (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈjaʃʲ]) is a county (județ) of Romania, in Western Moldavia, with the administrative seat at Iași. It is the most populous county in Romania, after the Municipality of Bucharest (which has the same administrative level as that of a county).

Iași County
Județul Iași
Coat of arms of Iași County
Administrative map of Romania with Iași county highlighted
Coordinates: 47°15′N 27°19′E / 47.25°N 27.31°E / 47.25; 27.31
Development regionNord-Est
Historical regionWestern Moldavia
 • TypeCounty Board
 • President of the County BoardAlexe Costel [ro]
 • PrefectConstantin Guzgă [ro]
 • Total5,476 km2 (2,114 sq mi)
 • Rank23rd
 • Total760,774
 • Rank2nd
 • Density140/km2 (360/sq mi)
Telephone code(+40) 232 or (+40) 332[2]
ISO 3166 codeRO-IS
GDP (nominal)US$ 5.431 billion (2015)
GDP/per capitaUS$ 27,032 (2022)
WebsiteCounty Council

Geography edit

Three Lakes Area

This county has a total area of 5,476 km2 (2,114 sq mi). It lies on a plain between the Siret River and the Prut River. Two other rivers run through the county: the Bahlui River (on the banks of which lies the city of Iași) and the Jijia River.

Neighbours edit

Demographics edit

At the 2021 census Iași County had a population of 760,774. At the 2011 census, the county had a population of 772,348.[3] According to the 2012 data provided by the County Population Register Service, the total registered population of the county was 873,662 people.[4]

The population of Iași County nowadays is nearly double of what it was seventy years ago.

Year County population[6]
1948 431,586  
1956 516,635  
1966 619,027  
1977 729,243  
1992 806,778  
2002 816,910  
2011 772,348  
2021 760,774  

County government edit

Iași County Council and Prefecture Headquarters

The Iași County Council, renewed at the 2020 local elections, consists of 36 counsellors, with the following party composition:[7]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  National Liberal Party (PNL) 17                                  
  Social Democratic Party (PSD) 10                                  
  Save Romania Union (USR) 6                                  
  People's Movement Party (PMP) 3                                  

Economy edit

This county is predominantly agricultural, due to its topography. Industry is concentrated in the cities. The principal industries are:

  • Software
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Automotive
  • Metallurgy and heavy-equipment manufacturing
  • Electronics & Electrotechnics
  • Textiles
  • Food production

Tourism edit

Hadâmbu Monastery
Sturdza Palace in Miclăușeni

The city of Iași is the most important city in Moldavia and one of the most important social, cultural and business centres in Romania. It has the oldest University in the country, and, until the formation of the United Principalities, it was the capital of Moldavia.

Some of the tourist destinations in the county:

Communities edit

Târgu Frumos

Iași County has 2 municipalities, 3 towns, and 93 communes

Historical county edit

Județul Iași
County (Județ)
The building of the prefecture of Iași County from the interwar period, now the George Enescu National University of Arts
Country  Romania
Historic regionMoldavia
Capital city (Reședință de județ)Iași
 • Total3,227 km2 (1,246 sq mi)
 • Total275,796
 • Density85/km2 (220/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

The county was located in the northeastern part of Greater Romania, in the northeast of the region of Moldavia. Today, most of the territory of the former county is part of the current Iași County. In the eastern part of the county, the county included a part of the left bank of the Prut River, now in the territory of the Republic of Moldova. It was bordered to the north by the counties of Botoșani and Bălți, to the east by Lăpușna County, to the south by the counties of Fălciu and Vaslui, and to the west by the counties of Roman and Baia.

Administration edit

Map of Iași County as constituted in 1938.

In 1938, the county was divided into six districts (plăși):[9]

  1. Plasa Bahlui, headquartered at Podu Iloaiei
  2. Plasa Cârligătura [ro], headquartered at Târgu Frumos
  3. Plasa Codru [ro], headquartered at Buciumii (at that time a commune, now Bucium District [ro] in the city of Iași)[10]
  4. Plasa Copou, headquartered at Iași
  5. Plasa Turia, headquartered at Șipotele
  6. Plasa Ungheni, headquartered at Ungheni-Târg, now the city of Ungheni in the Republic of Moldova

Iași County included two urban localities: Iași (county seat) and urban commune Târgu Frumos, located at the western border of the county.

Population edit

According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 275,796 inhabitants, 81.6% Romanians, 14.6% Jews, 0.6% Russians, 0.5% Hungarians, 0.4% Germans, as well as other minorities.[11] From the religious point of view, the population was 82.0% Eastern Orthodox, 14.9% Jewish, 2.3% Roman Catholic, as well as other minorities.

Urban population edit

In 1930, the county's urban population was 107,804 inhabitants, 102,872 in Iaşi and 4,932 in Târgu Frumos, comprising 60.8% Romanians, 33.6% Jews, 0.9% Germans, 0.9% Russians, as well as other minorities. In the urban area, languages were Romanian (72.5%), followed by Yiddish (22.2%), Russian (1.8%), German (0.9%), as well as other minorities.[11] From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of Eastern Orthodox (61.4%), Jewish (34.4%), Roman Catholic (3.0%), as well as other minorities.

References edit

  1. ^ "Populaţia rezidentă după grupa de vârstă, pe județe și municipii, orașe, comune, la 1 decembrie 2021" (XLS). National Institute of Statistics.
  2. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  3. ^ "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. Archived from the original on 10 June 2017. Retrieved 28 March 2016.
  4. ^ "Unul din 25 de ieșeni nu deține acte de identitate" (in Romanian). ziarulevenimentul.ro. 2013-02-14. Retrieved 2013-02-15.
  5. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie" Archived 2009-08-16 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002" Archived 2006-09-22 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "Rezultatele finale ale alegerilor locale din 2020" (Json) (in Romanian). Autoritatea Electorală Permanentă. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
  8. ^ "Population on 1 January by age groups and sex - functional urban areas". Eurostat. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
  9. ^ Portretul României Interbelice - Județul Iași
  10. ^ Școala Gimnazială „Veronica Micle” din Iași
  11. ^ a b Recensământul general al populației României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 246-247

External links edit