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Teleorman County (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈtele.orman]) is a county (județ) of Romania on the border with Bulgaria, in the historical region Muntenia, with its capital city at Alexandria.

Teleorman County
Județul Teleorman
County
Coat of arms of Teleorman County
Coat of arms
Administrative map of Romania with Teleorman county highlighted
Country Romania
Historical region Muntenia
Capital Alexandria
Area
 • Total 5,790 km2 (2,240 sq mi)
Area rank 19th
Population (2011)
 • Total 360,178
 • Rank 24th
 • Density 62/km2 (160/sq mi)
Telephone code (+40) 247 or (+40) 347[1]
ISO 3166 code RO-TR (TR county)
Website Prefecture

The name Teleorman is of Cumanic (Turkic) origin. It literally means crazy forest (Deli orman) and, by extension, "thick and shadowy forest" in the Cuman language.[2] It can be encountered in other toponyms, such as the Turkish name of the Ludogorie Plateau in northeastern Bulgaria.

Contents

DemographicsEdit

In 2011, it had a population of 360,178 and the population density was 62.2/km².

Year County population[4]
1948 487,394
1956   510,488
1966   516,222
1977   518,943
1992   482,281
2002   436,025
2011   360,178

GeographyEdit

This county has a total area of 5,790 km².

Two distinctive elements can be found:

  • In the North and center there are plains from the Romanian Plain. They are separated by small rivers, which sometimes form deep valleys.
  • In the South there is the Danube valley, very wide, with ponds and small channels.

Beside the Danube, the main river crossing the county is the Olt River which flows into the Danube close to the village of Islaz. Other important rivers are: the Vedea River, the Teleorman River and the Călmățui River.

NeighboursEdit

EconomyEdit

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Food and beverages industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Chemical industry.
  • Mechanical components industry - in Alexandria there is a big roll-bearing enterprise.

Agriculture is the main occupation in the county. Both extensive agriculture, and small scale - vegetables and fruits for Bucharest markets, is practiced. The area is well suited for irrigations.

TourismEdit

 
1715 coat of arms of Argeș, Teleorman and Mehedinți counties on the frontispice of the Antim Monastery

The county doesn't have many spectacular attractions, but its cultural folk heritage is very rich. Many Romanian personalities have been born here, some of them later describing the life in a village in a very picturesque way. Also, the area was one of the places where the Wallachian Revolution of 1848 unfolded.

The main tourist destinations are:

PoliticsEdit

The Teleorman County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 33 counselors, with the following party composition:[5]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  Social Democratic Party 18                                    
  National Liberal Party 11                                    
  Alliance of Liberals and Democrats 2                                    
  People's Movement Party 2                                    

Administrative divisionsEdit

PeopleEdit

Teleorman County is home to many Romanian personalities including:

Historical countyEdit

Județul Teleorman
County (Județ)
 
The Teleorman County court building of the interwar period, currently the Turnu Măgurele city court building.
 
Coat of arms
 
Country   Romania
Historic region Muntenia
Capital city (Reședință de județ) Turnu Măgurele
Area
 • Total 4,577 km2 (1,767 sq mi)
Population (1930)
 • Total 347,294
 • Density 76/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)

Historically, the county was located in the southern part of Greater Romania, in the southwestern part of the historical region of Muntenia. Its capital was Turnu Măgurele. The county was bordered on the west by the counties Romanați County and Olt County, to the north by Argeş County, to the east by Vlașca County, and in the south across the Danube River by the Kingdom of Bulgaria. Its territory coincides in large part with that of the present county.

AdministrationEdit

 
Map of Teleorman County as constituted in 1938.

The county was originally divided into five administrative districts (plăṣi):[6]

  1. Plasa Alexandria, headquartered at Alexandria
  2. Plasa Balaci, headquartered at Balaci
  3. Plasa Roșiori de Vede, headquartered at Roșiori de Vede
  4. Plasa Turnu Măgurele, headquartered at Turnu Măgurele
  5. Plasa Zimnicea, headquartered at Zimnicea

Subsequently, the county established three more districts:

  1. Plasa Călmățuiu, headquartered at Călmățuiu
  2. Plasa Slăvești, headquartered at Slăvești
  3. Plasa Vârtoapele de Sus, headquartered at Vârtoapele de Sus

The county contained four urban communes: Turnu Măgurele, Alexandria, Roșiorii de Vede, and Zimnicea.

PopulationEdit

According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 347,294 inhabitants, ethnically divided as follows: 98.1% Romanians, 1.4% Romanies, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the population was 99.0% Eastern Orthodox, 0.6% Adventist, 0.1% Muslim, as well as other minorities.

Urban populationEdit

In 1930, the county's urban population was 58,632 inhabitants, comprising 94.4% Romanians, 3.3% Romanies, 0.4% Hungarians, 0.4% Jews, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 98.1% Eastern Orthodox, 0.6% Muslim, 0.4% Jewish, 0.4% Roman Catholic, as well as other minorities.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  2. ^ (in Romanian) Claudiu Dumitrache, "Județul Teleorman, de la 'pădurea nebună' la grânarul țării", Adevărul, January 11, 2013; accessed July 2, 2013
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie" Archived 2009-08-16 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002"
  5. ^ "Mandate de CJ pe judete si competitori" (in Romanian). Biroul Electoral Central. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  6. ^ Portretul României Interbelice - Județul Teleorman

External linksEdit