Teleorman County (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈtele.orman]) is a county (județ) of Romania on the border with Bulgaria, in the historical region Muntenia, with its capital city at Alexandria.

Teleorman County
Județul Teleorman
Coat of arms of Teleorman County
Administrative map of Romania with Teleorman county highlighted
Development regionSud
Historical regionMuntenia
 • President of the County BoardAdrian Ionuţ Gâdea [ro] (PSD)
 • PrefectValentina-Veronica Mitran-Piticu [ro]
 • Total5,790 km2 (2,240 sq mi)
 • Rank19th
 • Total323,544
 • Rank24th
 • Density56/km2 (140/sq mi)
Telephone code(+40) 247 or (+40) 347[2]
ISO 3166 codeRO-TR (TR county)
GDP (nominal)US$ 1.93 billion (2015)
GDP per capitaUS$ 6,315 (2015)
WebsiteCounty Council County Prefecture

The name Teleorman is of Cumanic (Turkic) origin. It literally means wild/crazy forest (modern Turkish, Deli orman) and, by extension, "thick and shadowy forest" in the Cuman language.[3] It can be encountered in other toponyms, such as the Turkish name of the Ludogorie Plateau in northeastern Bulgaria, Deliorman.

Demographics edit

In 2021, the county had a population of 323,544 and the population density was 55.88/km2 (144.73/sq mi).

Year County population[5]
1948 487,394  
1956 510,488  
1966 516,222  
1977 518,943  
1992 482,281  
2002 436,025  
2011 360,178  
2021 323,544  

Geography edit

Teleorman County has a total area of 5,790 square kilometres (2,240 sq mi).

Two distinctive elements can be found:

  • In the North and center there are plains from the Romanian Plain. They are separated by small rivers, which sometimes form deep valleys.
  • In the South there is the Danube valley, very wide, with ponds and small channels.

Beside the Danube, the main river crossing the county is the Olt River which flows into the Danube close to the village of Islaz. Other important rivers are: the Vedea River, the Teleorman River, and the Călmățui River.

Neighbours edit

Economy edit

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Food and beverages industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Chemical industry.
  • Mechanical components industry; in Alexandria there is a big roll-bearing enterprise.

Agriculture is the main occupation in the county. Both extensive agriculture, and small scale — vegetables and fruits for the Bucharest markets — is practiced. The area is well suited for irrigations.

Tourism edit

1715 coat of arms of Argeș, Teleorman, and Mehedinți counties on the frontispice of the Antim Monastery

The county doesn't have many spectacular attractions, but its cultural folk heritage is very rich. Many Romanian personalities have been born here, some of them later describing the life in a village in a very picturesque way. Also, the area was one of the places where the Wallachian Revolution of 1848 unfolded.

The main tourist destinations are:

Politics edit

The Teleorman County Council, renewed at the 2020 local elections, consists of 32 counsellors, with the following party composition:[6]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  National Liberal Party (PNL) 17                                  
  Social Democratic Party (PSD) 15                                  

Administrative divisions edit

Roșiorii de Vede
Turnu Măgurele

Teleorman County has 3 municipalities, 2 towns and 92 communes


People edit

Natives of Teleorman County include:

Historical county edit

Județul Teleorman
County (Județ)
The Teleorman County court building of the interwar period, currently the Turnu Măgurele city court building.
Country  Romania
Historic regionMuntenia
Capital city (Reședință de județ)Turnu Măgurele
 • Total4,577 km2 (1,767 sq mi)
 • Total347,294
 • Density76/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Historically, the county was located in the southern part of Greater Romania, in the southwestern part of the historical region of Muntenia. Its capital was Turnu Măgurele. The county was bordered on the west by the counties Romanați County and Olt County, to the north by Argeș County, to the east by Vlașca County, and in the south across the Danube River by the Kingdom of Bulgaria. Its territory coincides in large part with that of the present county.

Administration edit

Map of Teleorman County as constituted in 1938.

The county was originally divided into five administrative districts (plăși):[7]

  1. Plasa Alexandria, headquartered at Alexandria
  2. Plasa Balaci, headquartered at Balaci
  3. Plasa Roșiori de Vede, headquartered at Roșiori de Vede
  4. Plasa Turnu Măgurele, headquartered at Turnu Măgurele
  5. Plasa Zimnicea, headquartered at Zimnicea

Subsequently, the county established three more districts:

  1. Plasa Călmățuiu, headquartered at Călmățuiu
  2. Plasa Slăvești, headquartered at Slăvești
  3. Plasa Vârtoapele de Sus, headquartered at Vârtoapele de Sus

The county contained four urban communes: Turnu Măgurele, Alexandria, Roșiorii de Vede, and Zimnicea.

Population edit

According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 347,294 inhabitants, ethnically divided as follows: 98.1% Romanians, 1.4% Romanies, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the population was 99.0% Eastern Orthodox, 0.6% Adventist, 0.1% Muslim, as well as other minorities.

Urban population edit

In 1930, the county's urban population was 58,632 inhabitants, comprising 94.4% Romanians, 3.3% Romanies, 0.4% Hungarians, 0.4% Jews, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 98.1% Eastern Orthodox, 0.6% Muslim, 0.4% Jewish, 0.4% Roman Catholic, as well as other minorities.

References edit

  1. ^ "Populaţia rezidentă după grupa de vârstă, pe județe și municipii, orașe, comune, la 1 decembrie 2021" (XLS). National Institute of Statistics.
  2. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  3. ^ (in Romanian) Claudiu Dumitrache, "Județul Teleorman, de la 'pădurea nebună' la grânarul țării", Adevărul, January 11, 2013; accessed July 2, 2013
  4. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie" Archived 2009-08-16 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002"
  6. ^ "Rezultatele finale ale alegerilor locale din 2020" (Json) (in Romanian). Autoritatea Electorală Permanentă. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
  7. ^ Portretul României Interbelice - Județul Teleorman

External links edit

43°39′25″N 25°21′25″E / 43.65694°N 25.35694°E / 43.65694; 25.35694