Ialomița County

Ialomița County (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈjalomit͡sa] (listen)) is a county (județ) of Romania, in Muntenia, with the capital city at Slobozia.

Ialomița County
Județul Ialomița
Coat of arms of Ialomița County
Administrative map of Romania with Ialomița county highlighted
Coordinates: 44°38′N 27°18′E / 44.64°N 27.3°E / 44.64; 27.3Coordinates: 44°38′N 27°18′E / 44.64°N 27.3°E / 44.64; 27.3
Development regionSud
Historical regionMuntenia
 • PrefectMarian Pavel (PSD)
 • Total4,453 km2 (1,719 sq mi)
 • Rank35th
 • Total258,669[1]
 • Rank39th
Telephone code(+40) 243 or (+40) 343[2]
ISO 3166 codeRO-IL
GDP (nominal)US$ 1.652 billion (2015)
GDP/capitaUS$ 6,384 (2015)
WebsiteCounty Council


In 2011, it had a population of 258,669 and the population density was 58.08/km2.

Romanians make up 95.6% of the population, the largest minority being the Romani people (4.1%).[3]

Year County population[4]
1948 244,750  
1956 274,655  
1966 291,373  
1977 295,965  
1992 304,008  
2002 296,572  
2011 258,669  
2022 TBD


Scenery near Țăndărei

This county has a total area of 4,453 km2.

The county is situated in the Bărăgan Plain, all the area is flat crossed by small rivers with small but deep valleys.

Its east border is on Danube and the Ialomița River crosses the county from West to East about the middle. The Danube is split around the Ialomița Pond - the Old Danube branch and the Borcea branch.

Until 1940 (in the West part) and 1967 (in the East part) the county/plain was home of the great bustard (dropie in Romanian), with large populations of this bird. The birds disappeared because of the massive village buildout and hunting them for food.



Agriculture is the main occupation in the county. Industry is almost entirely concentrated in the city of Slobozia.

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Food industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Mechanical components industry.


Sunset in Țăndărei

The main tourist destinations are:


The Ialomița County Council, renewed at the 2020 local elections, consists of 30 counsellors, with the following party composition:[5]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  Social Democratic Party (PSD) 14                            
  National Liberal Party (PNL) 10                            
  PRO Romania (PRO) 6                            

Administrative divisionsEdit

The central park of Fetești

Ialomița County has 3 municipalities, 4 towns and 59 communes.

Historical countyEdit

Județul Ialomița
County (Județ)
The Ialomița County prefecture building from the interwar period, now the prefecture building of Călărași County.
Country  Romania
Historic regionMuntenia
Capital city (Reședință de județ)Călărași
 • Total7,095 km2 (2,739 sq mi)
 • Total293,352
 • Density41/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Historically, the county was located in the southeastern part of the Greater Romania, in the southeastern part of the historical region of Muntenia. The county comprised a large part of the current Ialomița County and of today's Călărași County. It was bordered on the west by Ilfov, to the north by the counties of Prahova, Buzău and Brăila, to the east by the county Constanța County, and in the south by Durostor County.

With an area of 7,095 square kilometres (2,739 sq mi), Ialomiţa County was one of the largest counties of Greater Romania.


Map of Ialomița County as constituted in 1938.

The county was originally divided administratively into five districts (plăși):[6]

  1. Plasa Călărași, headquartered at Călărași
  2. Plasa Lehliu, headquartered at Lehliu
  3. Plasa Slobozia, headquartered at Slobozia
  4. Plasa Țăndărei, headquartered at Țăndărei
  5. Plasa Urziceni, headquartered at Urziceni

Subsequently, three new districts were added:

  1. Plasa Căzănești, headquartered at Căzănești
  2. Plasa Dragoș Vodă, headquartered at Dragoș Vodă
  3. Plasa Fetești, headquartered at Fetești


According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 293,352 inhabitants, ethnically divided as follows: 96.6% Romanians, 2.5% Romanies, 0.2% Jews, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the population was 99.3% Eastern Orthodox, 0.2% Jewish, 0.1% Roman Catholic, as well as other minorities.

Urban populationEdit

In 1930, the county's urban population was 34,260 inhabitants, comprising 90.2% Romanians, 6.0% Romnanies, 1.3% Jews, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 97.4% Eastern Orthodox, 1.4% Jewish, 0.5% Roman Catholic, as well as other minorities.


  1. ^ "COMUNICAT DE PRESĂ : 2 februarie 2012 privind rezultatele provizorii ale Recensământului Populaţiei şi Locuinţelor – 2011" (PDF). Ialomita.insse.ro. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  2. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie" Archived 2009-08-16 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002" Archived 2006-09-22 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Rezultatele finale ale alegerilor locale din 2020" (Json) (in Romanian). Autoritatea Electorală Permanentă. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
  6. ^ Portretul României Interbelice - Județul Ialomița