Argeș County (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈardʒeʃ] ) is a county (județ) of Romania, in Muntenia, with the capital city at Pitești.

Argeș County
Județul Argeș
Vidraru Lake and Dam in northern Argeș County
Vidraru Lake and Dam in northern Argeș County
Coat of arms of Argeș County
Location of Argeș County in Romania
Location of Argeș County in Romania
Coordinates: 45°00′N 24°49′E / 45.0°N 24.82°E / 45.0; 24.82
Country Romania
Development region1Sud
Historic regionMuntenia
Capital city (Reședință de județ)Pitești
 • TypeCounty Board
 • President of the County BoardIon Mînzînă (PSD)
 • Prefect2Radu Perianu
 • Total6,862 km2 (2,649 sq mi)
 • Rank10th in Romania
 • Total569,932
 • Rank10th in Romania
 • Density83/km2 (220/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal Code
Area code+40 x484
ISO 3166 codeRO-AG
Car PlatesAG5
GDPUS$4.763 billion (2015)
GDP/per capitaUS$7,780 (2015)
WebsiteCounty Board
County Prefecture
1The development regions of Romania have no administrative role and were formed in order to manage funds from the European Union.
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned from having any political activity in the first six months after his resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionaries' corps.
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Demographics edit

At the 2021 census, the county had a population of 569,932 and the population density was 83.1/km2 (215.1/sq mi). At the 2011 census, it had a population of 612,431 and the population density was 89.2/km2 (231.2/sq mi).[2]

Year County population[3][2]
1948 448,964  
1956 483,741  
1966 529,833  
1977 631,918  
1992 680,574  
2002 652,625  
2011 612,431  
2021 569,932  

Geography edit

Landscape in central and southern Argeș County

This county has a total area of 6,862 km2 (2,649 sq mi). The landforms can be split into 3 distinctive parts. In the north side there are the mountains, from the Southern Carpathians group – the Făgăraș Mountains with Moldoveanu Peak (2,544 m), Negoiu Peak (2,535 m) and Vânătoarea lui Buteanu peak (2,508 m) towering the region, and in the North-East part the Leaotă Mountains. Between them there is a pass towards Brașov, the Rucăr–Bran Pass. The heights decrease, and in the center there are the sub-carpathian hills, with heights around 800 m (2,600 ft), crossed with very deep valleys. In the south there is the northern part of the Wallachian Plain.

The main river that crosses the county is the Argeș River in which almost all the other rivers coming from the mountains flow. In the south the main rivers are the Vedea River and the Teleorman River.

Neighbours edit

Economy edit

The county is one of the most industrialized counties in Romania. There is one oil refinery and two automobile plants at Mioveni – the Dacia Renault car plant, and at Câmpulung the ARO plant.

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Automotive
  • Chemical
  • Electrical equipment
  • Home appliances
  • Food
  • Textiles
  • Construction materials

Oil is being extracted in the center and in the south. Also there are a few coal mines and close to Mioveni there is a nuclear research and production facility making nuclear fuels for the Cernavodă Nuclear Electric Power Plant. On the Argeș River there are a great number of hydroelectric power plants, the most impressive being the Vidraru power plant and dam.

The hillsides are well suited for wines and fruit orchards, and the south is suited for cereal crops.

Tourism edit

The main tourist destinations are:

Politics edit

The Argeș County Council, renewed at the 2020 local elections, consists of 34 counsellors, with the following party composition:[4]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  Social Democratic Party (PSD) 17                                  
  National Liberal Party (PNL) 11                                  
  Save Romania Union (USR) 4                                  
  PRO Romania (PRO) 2                                  

Administrative divisions edit

Ruins of the medieval princely court in Curtea de Argeș
1715 coat of arms of Argeș, Teleorman and Mehedinți counties on the frontispice of the Antim Monastery

Argeș County has 3 cities, 4 towns, and 95 communes:

Historical county edit

Județul Argeș
County (Județ)
The Argeș County Prefecture building from the interwar period, now the Argeș County museum.
Country  Romania
Historic regionMuntenia
Capital city (Reședință de județ)Pitești
 • Total4,216 km2 (1,628 sq mi)
 • Total259,305
 • Density62/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

The county was located in the central-southern part of the Greater Romania, in the western part of the historic Muntenia region. Its territory comprised a large part of the current county, and a piece of the western part of the present Vâlcea County. It was bordered on the west by the counties of Olt and Vâlcea, to the north by the counties Făgăraș and Sibiu, to the east by the counties Muscel and Dâmbovița, and to the south by the counties Teleorman and Vlașca.

Administration edit

Map of Argeș County as constituted in 1938.

The county was originally (to 1925) divided administratively into five districts (plăși):[5]

  1. Plasa Argeș, headquartered at Curtea de Argeș
  2. Plasa Dâmbovnic, headquartered at Rociu
  3. Plasa Oltul, headquartered at Jiblea Veche
  4. Plasa Teleorman, headquartered at Costești
  5. Plasa Uda, headquartered at Uda

Subsequently, Plasa Uda was divided into two districts, and some territory was transferred from Plasa Oltul:

  1. Plasa Cuca, headquartered at Cuca, which town was formerly in Plasa Oltul
  2. Plasa Pitești, headquartered at Pitești

Population edit

According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 257,378 inhabitants, out of which 97.6% were ethnic Romanians.[6] From the religious point of view, the population was 99.1% Eastern Orthodox, 0.3% Roman Catholic, 0.3% Jewish, as well as other minorities.

Urban population edit

In 1930, the county's urban population was 26,341 inhabitants, comprising 90.4% Romanians, 2.2% Jews, 2.0% Hungarians, 1.7% Romanies, 1.1% Germans, as well as other minorities.[6] From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 93.0% Eastern Orthodox, 2.4% Roman Catholic, 2.4% Jewish, 0.7% Reformed, 0.7% Lutheran, as well as other minorities.

References edit

  1. ^ "Populaţia rezidentă după grupa de vârstă, pe județe și municipii, orașe, comune, la 1 decembrie 2021" (XLS). National Institute of Statistics.
  2. ^ a b "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 9 July 2013.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992, 2002" Archived 22 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Rezultatele finale ale alegerilor locale din 2020" (Json) (in Romanian). Autoritatea Electorală Permanentă. Retrieved 2 November 2020.
  5. ^ Portretul României Interbelice – Județul Argeș
  6. ^ a b Recensământul general al populației României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 16-17