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Argeș County (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈard͡ʒeʃ] (About this soundlisten)) is a county (județ) of Romania, in Muntenia, with the capital city at Pitești.

Argeș County

Județul Argeș
County
Vidraru Lake and Dam in northern Argeș County
Vidraru Lake and Dam in northern Argeș County
Coat of arms of Argeș County
Coat of arms
Location of Argeș County in Romania
Location of Argeș County in Romania
Coordinates: 45°00′N 24°49′E / 45.0°N 24.82°E / 45.0; 24.82Coordinates: 45°00′N 24°49′E / 45.0°N 24.82°E / 45.0; 24.82
Country Romania
Development region1Sud
Historic regionMuntenia
Capital city (Reședință de județ)Pitești
Government
 • TypeCounty Board
 • President of the County BoardConstantin Nicolescu (PSD)
 • Prefect2Cristian Soare
Area
 • Total6,862 km2 (2,649 sq mi)
Area rank10th in Romania
Population
(2011 census[1])
 • Total612,431
 • Rank10th in Romania
 • Density89/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal Code
11wxyz3
Area code(s)+40 x484
ISO 3166 codeRO-AG
Car PlatesAG5
GDPUS$ 6.2 billion (2008)
GDP/capitaUS$ 9,488 (2008)
WebsiteCounty Board
County Prefecture
1The development regions of Romania have no administrative role and were formed in order to manage funds from the European Union.
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned from having any political activity in the first six months after his resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionaries' corps.
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Contents

DemographicsEdit

On 20 October 2011, it had a population of 612,431 and the population density was 89/km².[1]

Year County population[2][1]
1948 448,964
1956   483,741
1966   529,833
1977   631,918
1992   680,574
2002   652,625
2011   612,431

GeographyEdit

 
Landscape in central and southern Argeș County

This county has a total area of 6,862 km². The landforms can be split into 3 distinctive parts. In the north side there are the mountains, from the Southern Carpathians group – the Făgăraș Mountains with Moldoveanu Peak (2,544 m), Negoiu Peak (2,535 m) and Vânătoarea lui Buteanu peak (2,508 m) towering the region, and in the North-East part the Leaotă Mountains. Between them there is a pass towards Brașov, the Rucăr-Bran Passage. The heights decrease, and in the center there are the sub-carpathian hills, with heights around 800 m, crossed with very deep valleys. In the south there is the northern part of the Romanian Plain.

The main river that crosses the county is the Argeș River in which almost all the other rivers coming from the mountains flow. In the south the main rivers are the Vedea River and the Teleorman River.

NeighboursEdit

EconomyEdit

The county is one of the most industrialized counties in Romania. There is one oil refinery and two automobile plants at Mioveni – the Dacia Renault car plant, and at Câmpulung the ARO plant.

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Automotive
  • Chemical
  • Electrical equipment
  • Home appliances
  • Food
  • Textiles
  • Construction materials

Oil is being extracted in the center and in the south. Also there are a few coal mines and close to Mioveni there is a nuclear research and production facility making nuclear fuels for the Cernavodă Nuclear Electric Power Plant. On the Argeș River there are a great number of hydroelectric power plants, the most impressive being the Vidraru power plant and dam.

The hillsides are well suited for wines and fruit orchards, and the south is suited for cereal crops.

TourismEdit

The main tourist destinations are:

PoliticsEdit

The Argeș County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 35 counselors, with the following party composition:[3]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  Social Democratic Party 20                                        
  National Liberal Party 8                                        
  Alliance of Liberals and Democrats 3                                        
  People's Movement Party 2                                        
  Party for Argeș and Muscel 2                                        

Administrative divisionsEdit

Historical countyEdit

Județul Argeș
County (Județ)
 
The Argeş County Prefecture building from the interwar period, now the Argeș County museum.
 
Coat of arms
 
Country  Romania
Historic regionMuntenia
Capital city (Reședință de județ)Pitești
Area
 • Total4,216 km2 (1,628 sq mi)
Population
(1930)
 • Total259,305
 • Density62/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

The county was located in the central-southern part of the Greater Romania, in the western part of the historic Muntenia region. Its territory comprised a large part of the current county, and a piece of the western part of the present Vâlcea County. It was bordered on the west by the counties of Olt and Vâlcea, to the north by the counties Făgăraș and Sibiu, to the east by the counties Muscel and Dâmbovița, and to the south by the counties Teleorman and Vlașca.

AdministrationEdit

 
Map of Argeș County as constituted in 1938.

The county was originally (to 1925) divided administratively into five districts (plăṣi):[4]

  1. Plasa Argeș, headquartered at Curtea de Argeș
  2. Plasa Dâmbovnic, headquartered at Rociu
  3. Plasa Oltul, headquartered at Jiblea Veche
  4. Plasa Teleorman, headuqartered at Costești
  5. Plasa Uda, headquartered at Uda

Subsequently, Plasa Uda was divided into two districts, and some territory was transferred from Plasa Oltul:

  1. Plasa Cuca, headquartered at Cuca, which town was formerly in Plasa Oltul
  2. Plasa Pitești, headquartered at Pitești

PopulationEdit

According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 257,378 inhabitants, out of which 97.6% were ethnic Romanians.[5] From the religious point of view, the population was 99.1% Eastern Orthodox, 0.3% Roman Catholic, 0.3% Jewish, as well as other minorities.

Urban populationEdit

In 1930, the county's urban population was 26,341 inhabitants, comprising 90.4% Romanians, 2.2% Jews, 2.0% Hungarians, 1.7% Romanies, 1.1% Germans, as well as other minorities.[5] From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 93.0% Eastern Orthodox, 2.4% Roman Catholic, 2.4% Jewish, 0.7% Reformed, 0.7% Lutheran, as well as other minorities.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 9 July 2013.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992, 2002"
  3. ^ "Mandate de CJ pe judete si competitori" (in Romanian). Biroul Electoral Central. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  4. ^ Portretul României Interbelice - Județul Argeș
  5. ^ a b Recensământul general al populației României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 16-17