Neamț County (Romanian pronunciation: [ne̯amt͡s] (listen)) is a county (județ) of Romania, in the historic region of Moldavia, with the county seat at Piatra Neamț. The county takes its name from the Neamț River.
|• Total||5,897 km2 (2,277 sq mi)|
|• Density||80/km2 (210/sq mi)|
|Telephone code||(+40) 233 or (+40) 333|
|ISO 3166 code||RO-NT|
|GDP (nominal)||US$ 2.430 billion (2015)|
|GDP per capita||US$ 5,161 (2015)|
In 2011, it had a population of 470,766 and a population density of 80/km2.
- Romanians - 98.25%
- Lipovans - 0.05%
- Hungarians (more specifically Csángós) - 0.04%
- Roma - 1.48%, and others
Neamț County has an area of 5,897 km2 (2,277 sq mi).: 17
The relief decreases from west to east. In the western part, there are mountains, the Eastern Carpathians, with heights of over 1,800 m (5,900 ft) and the impressive peak of Ceahlău Massif. Along the Bicaz River lies the canyon of Cheile Bicazului. Construction of the Bicaz Dam in the 1950s on the Bistrița River led to the formation of Lake Bicaz (Lake Izvorul Muntelui), the largest artificial lake completely in Romania.: 15
On the western side, the lowest point, at about 160 m (520 ft), is found along the Siret River's valley.
The county's main industries are
- Chemical industry
- Mechanical parts
- Food stuffs
- Construction materials
One of the greatest dams in Romania, the Bicaz Dam is built along the Bistrița River, forming the Bicaz Lake; the water of the lake is used for electricity production at Bicaz-Stejaru Hydroelectric Power Station.
Neamț County is known as the region with the most monasteries to be found per square kilometer in the world. The monumental church of Neamț Monastery has been a model for Moldavian churches and monasteries. The Moldavian art style, of great originality and stylistic unity, was developed by blending Gothic elements with Byzantine motifs.
The county's main tourist attractions include
- The city of Piatra Neamț, with its medieval square and ski facilities;
- The city of Roman
- Vânători-Neamț Natural Park
- Neamț Citadel in Târgu Neamț
- Ceahlău National Park
- Bicaz Canyon - "Cheile Bicazului"
- Durău Ski Resort
- Hanu Ancuței
|Party||Seats||Current County Council|
|Alliance For The Modernisation Of Neamț 2020 (PSD)||13|
|National Liberal Party (PNL)||11|
|Save Romania Union (USR)||4|
|People's Movement Party (PMP)||3|
|PRO Romania (PRO)||3|
Neamț County has 2 municipalities, 3 towns and 78 communes.
- Alexandru cel Bun
- Bicazu Ardelean
- Dumbrava Roșie
- Ion Creangă
- Piatra Șoimului
- Poiana Teiului
- Ștefan cel Mare
- Valea Ursului
|Capital city (Reședință de județ)||Piatra Neamț|
|• Total||3,977 km2 (1,536 sq mi)|
|• Density||50/km2 (130/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
The county was located in the north-eastern part of Romania, in the north-west of the region of Moldavia. Today, most of the territory of the former county is part of the current Neamț County. It was bordered on the north by Câmpulung County, to the north-east by Baia County, to the east by Roman County, to the south by Bacău County, to the southwest by Ciuc County, and to the west by Mureș County.
- Plasa Bistrița
- Plasa De Mijloc
- Plasa Muntele
- Plasa Neamț
In 1938, the county had five districts:
- Plasa Bistrița, with 45 villages and headquartered in Roznov
- Plasa Muntele, with 53 villages and headquartered in Broșteni
- Plasa I.Gh. Duca, with 39 villages
- Plasa Răsboeni, with 56 villages and headquartered in Răsboeni
- Plasa Cetatea Neamț, with 15 villages and headquartered in Târgu Neamț
According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 198,223 inhabitants, 90.3% Romanians, 6.3% Jews, 1.2% Hungarians, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the population was 90.5% Eastern Orthodox, 6.7% Jewish, 2.3% Roman Catholic, as well as other minorities.
In 1930, the county's urban population was 47,957 inhabitants, comprising 69.6% Romanians, 24.7% Jews, 1.3% Hungarians, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 69.7% Eastern Orthodox, 25.2% Jewish, 3.4% Roman Catholic, as well as other minorities.
- The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
- National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie" Archived 2009-08-16 at the Wayback Machine
- National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002" Archived 2006-09-22 at the Wayback Machine
- "Tab13. Populaţia stabilă după religie – judeţe, municipii, oraşe, comune". Recensământul. 2011.
- 2017 Romanian Statistical Yearbook
- "Rezultatele finale ale alegerilor locale din 2020" (Json) (in Romanian). Autoritatea Electorală Permanentă. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
- Portretul României Interbelice - Județul Neamț
- Recensământul general al populației României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 308