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Călărași (Romanian pronunciation: [kələˈraʃʲ] (About this sound listen)) is a county (județ) of Romania on the border with Bulgaria, in Muntenia, with the county seat at Călărași.

Călărași County
Județul Călărași
County
Landscape in Călărași County
Landscape in Călărași County
Coat of arms of Călărași County
Coat of arms
Calarasi in Romania.svg
Country  Romania
Development region1 Sud
Historic region Muntenia
Capital city (Reședință de județ) Călărași
Created 1981
Government
 • Type County Board
 • President of the County Board Răducu George Filipescu (National Liberal Party)
 • Prefect2 Emil Musat
Area
 • Total 5,088 km2 (1,964 sq mi)
Area rank 28th in Romania
Population (2011)
 • Total 285,050
 • Rank 34th in Romania
 • Density 56.02/km2 (145.1/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal Code 91wxyz3
Area code(s) +40 x424
Car Plates CL5
GDP US$ 2.09 billion (2008)
GDP/capita US$ 6,446 (2008)
Website County Board
County Prefecture
1The development regions of Romania have no administrative role. They were formed as a way of managing funds from the European Union
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned from having any political activity in the first six months after resigning (or being excluded) from the public functionary corps
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Contents

DemographicsEdit

In 2011, it had a population of 285,050 and a population density of 56.02/km².

Year County population[2]
1948 287,722
1956   318,573
1966   337,261
1977   338,807
1992   338,844
2002   324,617
2011   285,050

List of cities by populationEdit

All the data, except Călărași, is as of 2002.

The other two towns of Călărași county (Lehliu Gară and Fundulea) have a population under 8,000 inhabitants.

GeographyEdit

This county has an area of 5,088 km².

The entire area lies in the southern part of the Bărăgan Plain and is crossed by small rivers with deep valleys. On its southern and eastern sides there is the valley of the Danube which, on the eastern side, splits into a number of branches, forming islands, now drained. On the western side, the rivers Argeș and Dâmbovița form a wide valley before flowing into the Danube.

NeighboursEdit

EconomyEdit

Agriculture is the county's main industry, generating about 3% of the entire country's agricultural output.

The county's industries:

  • Metallurgy – there is a big metallurgical plant in Călărași, similar to the one in Galați
  • Food processing
  • Textiles
  • Construction materials

TourismEdit

The main tourist destinantion:

PoliticsEdit

The Călărași County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 31 counselors, with the following party composition:[3]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  National Liberal Party 17                                  
  Social Democratic Party 12                                  
  Alliance of Liberals and Democrats 2                                  

Administrative divisionsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie" Archived 16 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002" Archived 22 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ "Mandate de CJ pe judete si competitori" (in Romanian). Biroul Electoral Central. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016. 
  4. ^ "Rezultate - Recensamant 2011". www.recensamantromania.ro. 

External linksEdit