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Olt County (Romanian pronunciation: [olt]) is a county (județ) of Romania on the border with Bulgaria, in the historical regions of Oltenia and Muntenia (the regions are separated by the Olt river). The capital city is Slatina.

Olt County
Județul Olt
County
Coat of arms of Olt County
Coat of arms
Administrative map of Romania with Olt county highlighted
Country Romania
Development region Sud-Vest
Historical region Wallachia
Capital Slatina
Area
 • Total 5,498 km2 (2,123 sq mi)
Area rank 22nd
Population (2011[1])
 • Total 415,530
 • Rank 19th
 • Density 76/km2 (200/sq mi)
Telephone code (+40) 249 or (+40) 349[2]
ISO 3166 code RO-OT
Website County Council
Prefecture

On 24 August 2017, the Olt County Council decided to hold a local referendum on 15 October 2017 on the proposal to change the county name to "Olt-Romanați".[3] The local referendum will eventually be held on 7 October 2018, at the same time with the constitutional referendum regarding the change of the definition of the family as provided by Article 48 of the Romanian Constitution in order to outlaw same-sex marriage.[4]

Contents

DemographicsEdit

In 2011, it had a population of 415,530 and the population density was 75.57/km².

Year County population[6]
1948 442,442
1956   458,982
1966   476,513
1977   518,804
1992   520,966
2002   489,274
2011   415,530

The county is a mainly rural one, with over 60% of the population living in villages.

GeographyEdit

This county has a total area of 5,498 km².

The county lies in a flat area on the Western part of the Romanian Plain. It is crossed by rivers from North to South, the main one - the Olt River giving the county its name. The Danube forms a wide valley in the South, with lots of ponds and small channels, which are flooded from time to time.

NeighboursEdit

EconomyEdit

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Metallurgy - aluminium and aluminium components.
  • Railway equipment.
  • Food and beverages industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Mechanical components industry.

Agriculture is the main occupation in the county - over 58% of the population having agriculture as their main occupation. Both extensive agriculture, and small scale, vegetables and fruits, are practiced. The area is well suited for irrigations.

TourismEdit

The main destinations for tourists are:

PoliticsEdit

The Olt County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 33 counselors, with the following party composition:[7]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  Social Democratic Party 19                                      
  National Liberal Party 9                                      
  Alliance of Liberals and Democrats 3                                      
  People's Movement Party 2                                      

Administrative divisionsEdit

Historical countyEdit

Județul Olt
County (Județ)
 
.The Olt County Prefecture's building from the interwar period, currently the Olt County Museum.
 
Coat of arms
 
Country   Romania
Historic region Muntenia
Capital city (Reședință de județ) Slatina
Area
 • Total 2,863 km2 (1,105 sq mi)
Population (1930)
 • Total 183,595
 • Density 64/km2 (170/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)

Historically, the county was located in the southern part of Greater Romania, in the western part of the historical region of Muntenia, around and in the south of Bucharest. The county included the north-eastern part of the current Olt county, the south-western part of the present Argeș County and the north-western part of the present Teleorman County. During the interwar years, it was bordered to the north by Argeș County, to the east by the counties of Argeş and Teleorman, to the south by Teleorman County, and in the west by the counties of Romanați and Vâlcea.

AdministrationEdit

 
Map of Olt County as constituted in 1938.

The county originally was divided into three administrative districts (plăṣi):[8]

  1. Plasa Drăgănești, headquartered at Drăgănești
  2. Plasa Dumitrești, headquartered at Dumitrești
  3. Plasa Spineni, headquartered at Spineni

Subsequently, the county established an additional district:

  1. Plasa Mijlocul, head quartered at Mijlocul

PopulationEdit

According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 183,595 inhabitants, ethnically divided as follows: 98.2% Romanians, 1.2% Romanies, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the population was 99.5% Eastern Orthodox, 0.2% Roman Catholic, 0.1% Jewish, as well as other minorities.

Urban populationEdit

In 1930, the county's urban population was 11,243 inhabitants, comprising 792.5% Romanians, 2.5% Hungarians, 1.5% Jews, 0.8% Germans, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 94.1% Eastern Orthodox, 2.3% Roman Catholic, 1.6% Jewish, 0.9% Reformed, 0.6% Lutheran, as well as other minorities.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "COMUNICAT DE PRESĂ : 2 februarie 2012 privind rezultatele provizorii ale Recensământului Populaţiei şi Locuinţelor – 2011" (PDF). Prefecturaolt.ro. Retrieved 11 April 2018. 
  2. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  3. ^ "Olt: CJ a programat pe 15 octombrie referendumul pentru schimbarea numelui județului" (in Romanian). Agerpres. 24 August 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2017. 
  4. ^ "CJ Olt a decis: Face referendum de schimbare a numelui, simultan cu cel pentru familie" (in Romanian). Ziare.com. 17 September 2018. Retrieved 17 September 2018. 
  5. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie" Archived 2009-08-16 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002"
  7. ^ "Mandate de CJ pe judete si competitori" (in Romanian). Biroul Electoral Central. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016. 
  8. ^ Portretul României Interbelice - Județul Olt

Coordinates: 44°26′00″N 24°22′00″E / 44.4333°N 24.3667°E / 44.4333; 24.3667