Bistrița-Năsăud County

Bistrița-Năsăud (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈbistrit͡sa nəsəˈud] ) is a county (județ) of Romania, in Transylvania, with its capital city at Bistrița.

Bistrița-Năsăud County
Județul Bistrița-Năsăud
Colibița Lake, Bistrița-Năsăud County
Colibița Lake, Bistrița-Năsăud County
Coat of arms of Bistrița-Năsăud County
Location of Bistrița-Năsăud County in Romania
Location of Bistrița-Năsăud County in Romania
Country Romania
Development region1Nord-Vest
Historic regionTransylvania
Capital city (Reședință de județ)Bistrița
 • TypeCounty Board
 • President of the County CouncilEmil Radu Moldovan
 • Prefect2Nastasia Bob
 • Total5,355 km2 (2,068 sq mi)
 • Rank26th in Romania
 (1st of December 2021)
 • Total295,988
 • Rank32nd in Romania
 • Density55/km2 (140/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal Code
Area code+40 x634
Car PlatesBN5
GDPUS$1.868 billion (2015)
GDP per capitaUS$6,723 (2015)
WebsiteCounty Council
County Prefecture
1The developing regions of Romania have no administrative role, but were formed in order to manage funds from the European Union
2 as of 2007, Romanian prefects are not politicians, but public functionaries. They are not allowed political party membership, and are banned from political activity for six months after resigning (or being excluded) from the public functionaries' corps.
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Name edit

In Hungarian, it is known as Beszterce-Naszód megye, and in German as Kreis Bistritz-Nassod. The name is identical with the county created in 1876, Beszterce-Naszód County (Romanian: Comitatul Bistriţa-Năsăud) in the Kingdom of Hungary (the county was recreated in 1940 after the Second Vienna Award, as it became part of Hungary again). Except these, as part of Romania, until 1925 the former administrative organizations were kept when a new county system was introduced. Between 1925–1940 and 1945–1950, most of its territory belonged to the Năsăud County, with smaller parts belonging to the Mureș, Cluj, and Someș counties.

Geography edit

The county has a total area of 5,355 km2 (2,068 sq mi). One third of this surface represents the mountains from the Eastern Carpathians group: the Țibleș, Rodna, Bârgău, and Călimani Mountains. The rest of the territory represents the North-East side of the Transylvanian Plateau.

The main river crossing the county is the Someșul Mare. On the Bistrița River there is a big dam and a lake.

Neighbours edit

Demographics edit

According to the 2021 census, the county had a population of 295,988 and the population density was 55.3/km2 (143.2/sq mi).[1]

Ethnic composition of Bistrița-Năsăud County (2021)

  Romanians (91.63%)
  Romani (4.11%)
  Hungarians (4.08%)
  Others (0.18%)

Religious composition of Bistrița-Năsăud County (2021)

  Romanian Orthodox (82.45%)
  Pentecostals (9.04%)
  Reformed (3.50%)
  Greek Catholics (1.58%)
  Roman Catholics (0.88%)
  Baptists (0.68%)
  Others (1.44%)
  Irreligious,atheist and agnostic (0.42%)
Year County population[2]
1948 233,650  
1956 255,789  
1966 269,954  
1977 286,628  
1992 327,238  
2002 311,657  
2011 277,861  
2021 295,988  

Politics edit

The Bistrița-Năsăud County Council, renewed at the 2020 local elections, consists of 30 counsellors, with the following party composition:[3]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  Social Democratic Party (PSD) 14                            
  National Liberal Party (PNL) 12                            
  People's Movement Party (PMP) 4                            

Administrative divisions edit

Bistrița (German: Bistritz/Nösen)
Entrance from the west, in Năsăud

Bistrița-Năsăud County has 1 municipality, 3 towns, and 58 communes.

People edit

Natives of the county include:

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Rezultate definitive: Caracteristici etno-culturale demografice". Retrieved 28 July 2023.
  2. ^ "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992, 2002 și 2011" (PDF) (in Romanian). National Institute of Statistics. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 September 2006. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
  3. ^ "Rezultatele finale ale alegerilor locale din 2020" (Json) (in Romanian). Autoritatea Electorală Permanentă. Retrieved 2 November 2020.

47°08′20″N 24°30′01″E / 47.1389°N 24.5003°E / 47.1389; 24.5003