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Mureș (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈmureʃ], Hungarian: Maros megye) is a county (județ) of Romania, in the historical region of Transylvania, with the administrative centre in Târgu Mureș.

Mureș County
Județul Mureș
County
Coat of arms of Mureș County
Coat of arms
Administrative map of Romania with Mureș county highlighted
Coordinates: 46°35′N 24°37′E / 46.59°N 24.61°E / 46.59; 24.61Coordinates: 46°35′N 24°37′E / 46.59°N 24.61°E / 46.59; 24.61
Country Romania
Development region Centru
Historical region Transylvania
Capital Târgu Mureș
Area
 • Total 6,714 km2 (2,592 sq mi)
Area rank 11th
Population (2011 census)[1]
 • Total 550,846
 • Rank 12th
 • Density 82/km2 (210/sq mi)
Telephone code (+40) 265 or (+40) 365[2]
ISO 3166 code RO-MS
Website County Council
Prefecture

Contents

NameEdit

In Hungarian, it is known as Maros megye ([ˈmɒroʃ ˈmɛɟɛ]), and in German as Kreis Mieresch. Under Hungarian administration, from 1876 to 1918, there was a county with similar name, Maros-Torda County.

GeographyEdit

The county has a total area of 6,714 km².

The northeastern side of the county consists of the Călimani and Gurghiu Mountains and the sub-Carpathian hills, members of the Inner Eastern Carpathians. The rest of the county is part of the Transylvanian Plateau, with deep but wide valleys.

The main river crossing in the county is the Mureș River. The Târnava Mare River and the Târnava Mică River also cross the county.

NeighboursEdit

DemographicsEdit

In 2011, Mureș had a population of 550,846 and the population density was 82/km².[1][3]

Ethnic structure (2002)
Total Romanians Hungarians Roma Germans Other
580,851 309,375 228,275 40,425 2,045 731
100% 53.26% 39.30% 6.96% 0.35% 0.12%
Ethnic structure (2011)
Total Romanians Hungarians Roma Germans Other
550,846 277,372 200,858 46,947 1,478 792
100% 52.60% 38.09% 8.90% 0.28% 0.13%

In terms of religion:

 
 

TourismEdit

Some of the main tourist attractions in the county are:

EconomyEdit

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Wood industry.
  • Food industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Glass and ceramics industry.
  • Construction materials.
  • Musical instruments (Reghin).

Mureș County and Sibiu County together produce about 50% of the natural gas developed in Romania. Salt is also extracted in the county.

PoliticsEdit

The Mureș County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 35 counselors, with the following party composition:[4]

    Party Seats Current Council
  Democratic Alliance of Hungarians 15                              
  National Liberal Party 10                              
  Social Democratic Party 10                              

Administrative divisionsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
  2. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia după etnie" ("Population by ethnicity")
  4. ^ "Mandate de CJ pe judete si competitori" (in Romanian). Biroul Electoral Central. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016. 

External linksEdit