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Mureș (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈmureʃ], Hungarian: Maros megye) is a county (județ) of Romania, in the historical region of Transylvania, with the administrative centre in Târgu Mureș.
The county was established in 1968, after the administrative reorganization that re-introduced the historical judeţ (county) system, still used today. This reform eliminated the previous Mureș-Magyar Autonomous Region, which had been created in 1952 within the People's Republic of Romania.
Mureș county has a vibrant multicultural fabric that includes Hungarian-speaking Székelys and Transylvanian Saxons, with a rich heritage of fortified churches and towns.

Mureș County
Județul Mures
Maros megye
County
The Saschiz fortified church
Coat of arms of Mureș County
Coat of arms
Location of Mureș County
Coordinates: 46°35′N 24°37′E / 46.59°N 24.61°E / 46.59; 24.61Coordinates: 46°35′N 24°37′E / 46.59°N 24.61°E / 46.59; 24.61
Country  Romania
Development region1 Centru
Historic region Transylvania
Capital city (Reședință de județ) Târgu Mureș
Government
 • Type County Board
 • President of the County Board Ciprian Dobre
 • Prefect2 Corneliu Grosu
Area
 • Total 6,714 km2 (2,592 sq mi)
Area rank 11th in Romania
Population (2011)
 • Total 550,846 [1]
 • Rank 12th in Romania
 • Density 82/km2 (210/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 54wxyz3
Area code(s) +40 x2654
Car plates MS5
Website County Board
County Prefecture
1The developing regions of Romania have no administrative role.
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned to have any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionary corps
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Contents

NameEdit

In Hungarian, it is known as Maros megye ([ˈmɒroʃ ˈmɛɟɛ]), and in German as Kreis Mieresch. Under Hungarian administration from 1876 to 1918, there was a county with similar name, Maros-Torda County.
There was a county with the same name under the Kingdom of Romania, and a Mureș-Magyar Autonomous Region (1960–1968) under the Socialist Republic of Romania.

GeographyEdit

The county has a total area of 6,714 km².

The northeastern side of the county consists of the Călimani and Gurghiu Mountains and the sub-Carpathian hills, members of the Inner Eastern Carpathians. The rest of the county is part of the Transylvanian Plateau, with deep but wide valleys.

The main river crossing in the county is the Mureș River. The Târnava Mare River and the Târnava Mică River also cross the county.

NeighboursEdit

DemographicsEdit

 
The ethnic map of Mures county in 2002
 
The ethnic map of Mures county in 2011

In 2011, Mureș had a population of 550,846 and the population density was 82/km².[1][2]

Ethnic structure (2002)
Total Romanians Hungarians Roma Germans Other
580,851 309,375 228,275 40,425 2,045 731
100% 53.26% 39.30% 6.96% 0.35% 0.12%
Ethnic structure (2011)
Total Romanians Hungarians Roma Germans Other
550,846 277,372 200,858 46,947 1,478 792
100% 52.60% 38.09% 8.90% 0.28% 0.13%

In terms of religion:

 
 

TourismEdit

Some of the main tourist attractions in the county are:

EconomyEdit

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Wood industry.
  • Food industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Glass and ceramics industry.
  • Construction materials.
  • Musical instruments (Reghin).

Mureș County and Sibiu County together produce about 50% of the natural gas developed in Romania. Salt is also extracted in the county.

PoliticsEdit

The Mureș County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 35 counselors, with the following party composition:[3]

    Party Seats Current Council
  Democratic Alliance of Hungarians 15                              
  National Liberal Party 10                              
  Social Democratic Party 10                              

Administrative divisionsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia după etnie" ("Population by ethnicity")
  3. ^ "Mandate de CJ pe judete si competitori" (in Romanian). Biroul Electoral Central. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016. 

External linksEdit