Mureș (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈmureʃ], Hungarian: Maros megye) is a county (județ) of Romania, in the historical region of Transylvania, with the administrative centre in Târgu Mureș. The county was established in 1968, after the administrative reorganization that re-introduced the historical judeţ (county) system, still used today. This reform eliminated the previous Mureș-Magyar Autonomous Region, which had been created in 1952 within the People's Republic of Romania. Mureș county has a vibrant multicultural fabric that includes Hungarian-speaking Székelys and Transylvanian Saxons, with a rich heritage of fortified churches and towns.
|Capital city (Reședință de județ)||Târgu Mureș|
|• Type||County Board|
|• President of the County Board||Ciprian Dobre|
|• Prefect2||Corneliu Grosu|
|• Total||6,714 km2 (2,592 sq mi)|
|Area rank||11th in Romania|
|• Total||550,846 |
|• Rank||12th in Romania|
|• Density||82/km2 (210/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Area code(s)||+40 x2654|
|1The developing regions of Romania have no administrative role.
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned to have any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionary corps
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county
In Hungarian, it is known as Maros megye ([ˈmɒroʃ ˈmɛɟɛ]), and in German as Kreis Mieresch. Under Hungarian administration from 1876 to 1918, there was a county with similar name, Maros-Torda County.
There was a county with the same name under the Kingdom of Romania, and a Mureș-Magyar Autonomous Region (1960–1968) under the Socialist Republic of Romania.
The county has a total area of 6,714 km².
The northeastern side of the county consists of the Călimani and Gurghiu Mountains and the sub-Carpathian hills, members of the Inner Eastern Carpathians. The rest of the county is part of the Transylvanian Plateau, with deep but wide valleys.
|Ethnic structure (2002)|
|Ethnic structure (2011)|
In terms of religion:
- Romanian Orthodox - 53.3%
- Reformed Church - 27%
- Roman Catholic Church - 9.5%
- Other Christian denominations - 8.2%
- Jewish, Muslim, Atheist, Non-religious, other or undeclared - 1.9%
Some of the main tourist attractions in the county are:
The predominant industries in the county are:
- Wood industry.
- Food industry.
- Textile industry.
- Glass and ceramics industry.
- Construction materials.
- Musical instruments (Reghin).
|Democratic Alliance of Hungarians||15|
|National Liberal Party||10|
|Social Democratic Party||10|
Mureș County has 4 municipalities, 7 towns and 91 communes
- Beica de Jos
- Ceuașu de Câmpie
- Chiheru de Jos
- Gheorghe Doja
- Grebenișu de Câmpie
- Ideciu de Jos
- Lunca Bradului
- Miheșu de Câmpie
- Papiu Ilarian
- Sâncraiu de Mureș
- Sângeorgiu de Mureș
- Sânpetru de Câmpie
- Sântana de Mureș
- Valea Largă
- Zau de Câmpie
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mureș County.|
- "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
- National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia după etnie" Archived 2009-08-16 at the Wayback Machine. ("Population by ethnicity")
- "Mandate de CJ pe judete si competitori" (in Romanian). Biroul Electoral Central. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.