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Botoșani County (Romanian pronunciation: [botoˈʃanʲ] (About this soundlisten)) is a county (județ) of Romania, in Moldavia (few villages in Bukovina), with the capital city at Botoșani.

Botoșani County

Județul Botoșani
County
Former Botoșani County Prefecture
Former Botoșani County Prefecture
Coat of arms of Botoșani County
Coat of arms
Location of Botoșani County in Romania
Location of Botoșani County in Romania
Coordinates: 47°50′N 26°49′E / 47.84°N 26.82°E / 47.84; 26.82Coordinates: 47°50′N 26°49′E / 47.84°N 26.82°E / 47.84; 26.82
Country Romania
Development region1Nord-Est
Historic regionMoldavia
Capital city (Reședință de județ)Botoșani
Government
 • TypeCounty Board
 • President of the County BoardMihai Țâbuleac (PD-L)
 • Prefect2Adrian Constantinescu
Area
 • Total4,986 km2 (1,925 sq mi)
Area rank29th in Romania
Population
(2011)
 • Total412,626
 • Rank22nd in Romania
 • Density83/km2 (210/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal Code
71wxyz3
Area code(s)+40 x314
Car PlatesBT5
GDPUS$ 2.06 billion (2008)
GDP/capitaUS$ 4,536 (2008)
WebsiteCounty Board
County Prefecture
1The developing regions of Romania have no administrative role. They were formed just to attract funds from the European Union[citation needed]
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned to have any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionary corps
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Contents

DemographicsEdit

As of October 31, 2011, it had a population of 412,626 and the population density was 83/km2. [1]

Year County population[2][3]
1948 385,236
1956   428,050
1966   452,406
1977   451,217
1992   458,904
2002   452,834
2011   412,626
2016   455,973

GeographyEdit

  • it is situated between Siret and Prut, in the north-east part of the county, Ukraine in the north and Moldova in the east. At the west and south it has borders with the Suceava County and Iași County.
  • it has a total area of 4,986 km2 (2.1% of the Romanian territory).
  • the relief is a high plain, between the valleys of the Siret River, the Prut River and its affluent the Jijia River.
  • temperate climate, influenced by the eastern air masses of the continent.

NeighboursEdit

EconomyEdit

This is a predominantly agricultural county.

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Textile industry
  • Food industry
  • Electrical components industry
  • Glass and porcelain industry

At Stânca-Costești there is one of the greatest hydroelectric power plants in Romania.

PoliticsEdit

The Botoșani County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 33 counselors, with the following party composition:[4]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  Social Democratic Party 18                                    
  National Liberal Party 15                                    

Administrative divisionsEdit

Historical countyEdit

Județul Botoșani
County (Județ)
 
The Botoşani County Prefecture building from the interwar period, currently the county museum.
 
Coat of arms
 
Country  Romania
Historic regionMoldavia
Capital city (Reședință de județ)Botoșani
Area
 • Total3,077 km2 (1,188 sq mi)
Population
(1930)
 • Total218,258
 • Density71/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

During the years between the world wars, the county extended over different territory than currently. It was located in the northeastern part of Romania, in the northeast of the region or Moldavia. The county included the southern part of the present county and the northern part of the current Iași County. It was bordered to the west by the counties of Suceava and Baia, to the north by Dorohoi, to the east by Bălți, and to the south with Iaşi.

AdministrationEdit

 
Map of Botoșani County as it existed in 1938.

In 1930, the county was divided into three districts (plăṣi):[5]

  1. Plasa Botoșani
  2. Plasa Jijia
  3. Plasa Siret

Administration was re-organized in 1938, comprising 4 districts:

  1. Plasa Bucecea (with 52 villages, headquartered in Târgu Bucecea)
  2. Plasa Răchiți (with 73 villages, headquartered in Botoșani)
  3. Plasa Sulița (with 49 villages, headquartered in Hârlău)
  4. Plasa Ștefănești (with 77 villages, headquartered in Ștefănești)

PopulationEdit

According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 218,258 inhabitants, ethnically, 88.8% were Romanians, 9.0% were Jews, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, 89.4% were Eastern Orthodox, 9.2% Jewish, 0.7% Roman Catholic, as well as other minorities.

Urban populationEdit

In 1930, the county's urban population was 50,320 inhabitants, comprising ethnically 64.9% Romanians, 31.3% Jews, 0.9% Germans, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of Eastern Orthodox (64.5%), Jewish (32.3%), Roman Catholic (2.1%), as well as other minorities.

PeopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Tab8. Populația stabilă după etnie – județe, municipii, orașe, comune
  2. ^ Tab1. Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992, 2002 și 2011 – categorii de localități și județe
  3. ^ "Populaţia României pe localitati la 1 ianuarie 2016" (in Romanian). INSSE. 6 June 2016. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  4. ^ "Mandate de CJ pe judete si competitori" (in Romanian). Biroul Electoral Central. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  5. ^ Portretul României Interbelice - Județul Botoșani

External linksEdit