Botoșani County (Romanian pronunciation: [botoˈʃanʲ] ) is a county (județ) of Romania, in Western Moldavia (encompassing a few villages in neighbouring Suceava County from Bukovina to the west as well), with the capital town (Romanian: Oraș reședință de județ) at Botoșani.

Botoșani County
Județul Botoșani
Former Botoșani County Prefecture
Former Botoșani County Prefecture
Location of Botoșani County in Romania
Location of Botoșani County in Romania
Coordinates: 47°50′N 26°49′E / 47.84°N 26.82°E / 47.84; 26.82
Country Romania
Development region1Nord-Est
Historic regionMoldavia
Capital city (Reședință de județ)Botoșani
 • TypeCounty Board
 • President of the County BoardDoina Elena Fedorovici (PSD)
 • Prefect2Adrian Constantinescu
 • Total4,986 km2 (1,925 sq mi)
 • Rank29th in Romania
 • Total392,821
 • Rank22nd in Romania
 • Density79/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal Code
Area code+40 x314
Car PlatesBT5
GDPUS$1.726 billion (2015)
GDP per capitaUS$4,18 (2015)
WebsiteCounty Board
County Prefecture
1 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned to have any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionary corps
2w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
3x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
4used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Demographics edit

As of 31 October 2011, it had a population of 412,626 and the population density was 83/km2.[2]

Year County population[3][4]
1948 385,236  
1956 428,050  
1966 452,406  
1977 451,217  
1992 458,904  
2002 452,834  
2011 412,626  
2021 392,821  

Geography edit

  • Botoșani County is situated between the rivers Siret and Prut, in the northeastern part of Romania, bordering Ukraine to the north and Moldova to the east. To the west and south it has borders with Suceava and Iași counties.
  • It has a total area of 4,986 km2 (1,925 sq mi), comprising 2.1% of the Romanian territory.
  • The relief is a high plain, between the valleys of the Siret and the Prut, and the latter's affluent, the Jijia River.
  • It has a temperate climate, influenced by the eastern air masses of the continent.

Neighbours edit

Economy edit

The Stânca-Costești Dam

This is a predominantly agricultural county; the main industries are the textile industry, the food industry, the electrical components industry, and the glass and porcelain industry.

The Stânca–Costești Hydroelectric Power Station [ro] is one of the largest hydroelectric power plants in Romania. Work on it started in 1973, and it was completed in 1978, at the same time as the Stânca-Costești Dam. They are both situated on the Prut River, between Stânca in Botoșani County and Costești, Rîșcani.

Politics edit

The Botoșani County Council, renewed at the 2020 local elections, consists of 32 counsellors, with the following party composition:[5]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  National Liberal Party (PNL) 15                              
  Social Democratic Party (PSD) 15                              
  PRO Romania (PRO) 2                              

Administrative divisions edit


Botoșani County has 2 municipalities, 5 towns and 71 communes:

Municipalities edit

Towns edit

Communes edit

Historical county edit

Județul Botoșani
County (Județ)
The Botoșani County Prefecture building from the interwar period, currently the county museum.
Country  Romania
Historic regionMoldavia
Capital city (Reședință de județ)Botoșani
 • Total3,077 km2 (1,188 sq mi)
 • Total218,258
 • Density71/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

During the years between the world wars, the county extended over different territory than currently. It was located in the northeastern part of Romania, in the northeast of the region or Moldavia. The county included the southern part of the present county and the northern part of the current Iași County. It was bordered to the west by the counties of Suceava and Baia, to the north by Dorohoi, to the east by Bălți, and to the south with Iași.

Administration edit

Map of Botoșani County as it existed in 1938.

In 1930, the county was divided into three districts (plăși):[6]

  1. Plasa Botoșani
  2. Plasa Jijia
  3. Plasa Siret

Administration was re-organized in 1938, comprising 4 districts:

  1. Plasa Bucecea (with 52 villages, headquartered in Târgu Bucecea)
  2. Plasa Răchiți (with 73 villages, headquartered in Botoșani)
  3. Plasa Sulița (with 49 villages, headquartered in Hârlău)
  4. Plasa Ștefănești (with 77 villages, headquartered in Ștefănești)

Population edit

According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 218,258 inhabitants, ethnically, 88.8% were Romanians, 9.0% were Jews, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, 89.4% were Eastern Orthodox, 9.2% Jewish, 0.7% Roman Catholic, as well as other minorities.

Urban population edit

In 1930, the county's urban population was 50,320 inhabitants, comprising ethnically 64.9% Romanians, 31.3% Jews, 0.9% Germans, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of Eastern Orthodox (64.5%), Jewish (32.3%), Roman Catholic (2.1%), as well as other minorities.

Notable people edit

Natives of the county include:

See also edit

Notes edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Populaţia rezidentă după grupa de vârstă, pe județe și municipii, orașe, comune, la 1 decembrie 2021" (XLS). National Institute of Statistics.
  2. ^ "Tab8. Populația stabilă după etnie – județe, municipii, orașe, comune". Archived from the original on 18 January 2016. Retrieved 31 August 2013.
  3. ^ "Tab1. Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992, 2002 și 2011 – categorii de localități și județe". Archived from the original on 10 June 2017. Retrieved 31 August 2013.
  4. ^ "Populaţia României pe localitati la 1 ianuarie 2016" (in Romanian). INSSE. 6 June 2016. Archived from the original on 27 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  5. ^ "Rezultatele finale ale alegerilor locale din 2020" (Json) (in Romanian). Autoritatea Electorală Permanentă. Retrieved 2 November 2020.
  6. ^ Portretul României Interbelice – Județul Botoșani

External links edit