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Brăila County (Romanian pronunciation: [brəˈila] (About this sound listen)) is a county (judeţ) of Romania, in Muntenia, with the capital city at Brăila.

Brăila County
Județul Brăila
County
Coat of arms of Brăila County
Coat of arms
Braila in Romania.svg
Coordinates: 45°07′N 27°41′E / 45.11°N 27.68°E / 45.11; 27.68Coordinates: 45°07′N 27°41′E / 45.11°N 27.68°E / 45.11; 27.68
Country  Romania
Development region1 Sud-Est
Historic region Muntenia
Capital city (Reședință de județ) Brăila
Government
 • Type County Board
 • Prefect2 Mihaela Marcu
Area
 • Total 4,766 km2 (1,840 sq mi)
Area rank 32nd in Romania
Population (2011)
 • Total 304,925
 • Rank 30th in Romania
 • Density 64/km2 (170/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal Code 81wxyz3
Area code(s) +40 x394
Car Plates BR5
GDP US$ 2.72 billion (2008)
GDP/capita US$ 7,286 (2008)
Website County Board
County Prefecture
1The developing regions of Romania have no administrative role. They were formed just to attract funds from the European Union
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned to have any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionary corps
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Contents

DemographicsEdit

In 2011, Brăila had a population of 304,925 and the population density was 64/km2.[1]

Year County population[3]
1948   271,251
1956   297,276
1966   339,954
1977   377,954
1992   392,069
2002   373,174
2011   304,925

GeographyEdit

This county has a total area of 4,766 km2.

All the county lies on a flat plane: the Bărăgan Plain, one of the best areas for growing cereals in Romania.

On the east side there is the Danube, which forms an island – The Great Brăila Island surrounded by the Măcin channel, Cremenea channel and Vâlciu channel. On the northern side there is the Siret River and on the north-western side there is the Buzău River.

NeighboursEdit

EconomyEdit

The agriculture is the main occupation in the county. Industry is almost entirely concentrated in the city of Brăila.

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Food industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Mechanical components industry.

In Brăila there is an important harbour, once the biggest cereal harbour in Romania.

TourismEdit

 
DN21, a road in Romania, in Brăila County

The main tourist destinations are:

PoliticsEdit

The Brăila County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 33 counselors, with the following party composition:[4]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  Social Democratic Party 14                            
  National Liberal Party 12                            
  Alliance of Liberals and Democrats 2                            
  People's Movement Party 2                            
  National Democratic Party 2                            
  Independent 1                            

Administrative divisionsEdit

Historical countyEdit

Județul Brăila
County (Județ)
 
The Brăila County prefecture and court building from the interwar period, now the engineering building of Dunărea de Jos University.
 
Coat of arms
 
Country   Romania
Historic region Muntenia
Capital city (Reședință de județ) Brăila
Area
 • Total 4,286 km2 (1,655 sq mi)
Population (1930)
 • Total 219,932
 • Density 51/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)

Historically, the county was located in the southeastern part of Greater Romania, in the northeastern part of the Muntenia region. Its territory included the portions of the current county to the east and south-east of the Buzău River. It was bordered on the west by the counties of Buzău and Râmnicu-Sărat, to the north by Covurlui County, to the east by Tulcea County, and to the south by the counties of Constanța and Ialomița.

AdministrationEdit

 
Map of Brăila County as constituted in 1938.

The county was originally divided administratively into four districts (plăṣi):[5]

  1. Plasa Călmățui, with headquarters at Făurei
  2. Plasa Ianca, with headquarters at Ianca
  3. Plasa Silistraru, with headquarters at Silistraru
  4. Plasa Viziru, with headquarters at Viziru

Subsequently, Plasa Călmățui, was abolished and two new districts were established in its place:

  1. Plasa I.I.C. Bratianu, with headquarters at Făurei
  2. Plasa Vădeni, with headquarters at Vădeni

PopulationEdit

 
Map of Brăila County's ethnic groups as reported in the 1930 census.

According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 219,831 inhabitants, ethnically divided as follows: 89.4% Romanians, 3.1% Jews, 2.2% Greeks, 0.7% Hungarians, 0.6% Russians, as well as other minorities.[6] From the religious point of view, the population was 93.6% Eastern Orthodox, 3.3% Jewish, 1.2% Roman Catholic, as well as other minorities.[7]

Urban populationEdit

In 1930, the county's urban population was 68,347 inhabitants, comprising 75.4% Romanians, 9.7% Jews, 6.7% Greeks, 1.7% Hungarians, 1.6% Russians, as well as other minorities.[6] Mother tongues among the urban population were Romanian (82.6%), Greek (5.8%), Yiddish (4.8%), Russian (1.9%), Hungarian (1.5%), as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 84.4% Eastern Orthodox, 10.4% Jewish, 3.2% Roman Catholic, as well as other minorities.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "COMUNICAT DE PRESĂ : 2 februarie 2012 privind rezultatele provizorii ale Recensământului Populaţiei şi Locuinţelor – 2011" (PDF). Recensamantromania.ro. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie" Archived 16 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002" Archived 22 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ "Mandate de CJ pe judete si competitori" (in Romanian). Biroul Electoral Central. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  5. ^ Portretul României Interbelice - Județul Brăila
  6. ^ a b Recensământul general al populației României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 80-81
  7. ^ a b Recensământul general al populației României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 561