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Bihor (Romanian pronunciation: [biˈhor] (About this sound listen)) is a county (județ) of Romania, in Crișana. Its capital city is Oradea.

Bihor County
Județul Bihor
Oradea, capital of Bihor County
Oradea, capital of Bihor County
Coat of arms of Bihor County
Coat of arms
Location of Bihor County in Romania
Location of Bihor County in Romania
Country  Romania
Historic region Crișana
Capital city (Reședință de județ) Oradea
 • Type County Board
 • President of the County Board Sándor Pásztor (UDMR)
 • Prefect2 Claudiu Pop
 • Total 7,544 km2 (2,913 sq mi)
Area rank 6th in Romania
Highest elevation 1,849 m (6,066 ft)
Lowest elevation 89 m (292 ft)
Population (2011 census[1])
 • Total 575,398
 • Rank 11th in Romania
 • Density 76/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 41wxyz3
Area code(s) +40 x594
ISO 3166 code RO-BH
Car Plates BH5
GDP US$ 5.82 billion (2008)
GDP/capita US$ 9,708 (2008)
GDP/capita at purchasing power parity US$ 17,152 (2009)
Website County Board
County Prefecture
1The developing regions of Romania have no administrative role. They were formed to attract funds from the European Union[citation needed]
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a civil servant. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned from any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or firing) from the civil service
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county



The origin of the name Bihor is uncertain, except that it likely takes its name from an ancient fortress in the current commune of Biharia. It possibly came from vihor, the Serbian word for "whirlwind" (вихор), or Slavic biela hora, meaning "white mountain." Another theory is that Biharea is of Daco-Thracian etymology (bi meaning "two" and harati "take" or "lead"), possibly meaning two possessions of land in the Duchy of Menumorut. Another theory is that the name comes from bour, the Romanian term for aurochs (from the Latin word bubalus). The animal once inhabited the lands of northwestern Romania. Under this theory, the name changed from buar to buhar and to Bihar and Bihor.[2]


In 2002, Bihor had a population of 600,246 and the population density was 79.56/km². 48.6% of its population lives in urban areas, lower than the Romanian average.[3][4]

In October 31, 2011, Bihor had a population of 575,398 and the population density was 72/km2 (186/sq mi).<[5]

By religionEdit

99.4% of the county's population are Christian[6] and of these:

Year County population[7]
1948 536,323
1956   574,488
1966   586,460
1977   633,094
1992   634,093
2002   600,246
2011   575,398


This county has a total area of 7,544 km2 (2,913 sq mi). In the East side of the County there are the Apuseni Mountains with heights up to 1,800 m (5,906 ft). The heights decrease westwards, passing through the hills an ending in the Romanian Western Plain – the eastern side of the Pannonian plain.

The county is mainly the Criș hydrographic basine with the rivers Crișul Repede, Crișul Negru and Barcău the main rivers.



Bihor is one of the wealthiest counties in Romania, with a GDP per capita well above the national average. Recently, the economy has been driven by a number of construction projects. Bihor has the lowest unemployment rate in Romania and among the lowest in Europe, with only 2.4% unemployment, compared to Romania's average of 5.1%.

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Textile industry.
  • Food and beverages industry.
  • Mechanical components industry.
  • Metallurgy.

In the west side of the county there are mines for extracting coal and bauxite. Crude oil is also extracted.


The main tourist attractions in the county are:

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms of Bihor County was adopted in 1998, and is a quarterly shield featuring a castle (for the Castle of Bihar), five wheat stalks with a ribbon, and a scroll with the text of Deșteaptă-te, române!, covered with a fess featuring three fish. It was subject to redesign in 2013 after it was discovered by a local teacher that the text on the scroll was erroneously written in Greek, rather than Cyrillic (the original alphabet used to write the poem's text) or the Latin alphabet. The county has no significant history with Greece.[8]


The Bihor County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 35 counselors, with the following party composition:[9]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  National Liberal Party 17                                  
  Social Democratic Party 9                                  
  Democratic Alliance of Hungarians 7                                  
  Alliance of Liberals and Democrats 2                                  

Administrative divisionsEdit


  1. ^ "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
  2. ^ "Numele Bihorului. Etimologie şi controverse". Oradea Mea. 23 July 2011. Retrieved 21 October 2017. 
  3. ^ Romanian 2002 Census
  4. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia după etnie" Archived 16 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ Recensamantul Populatiei si Locuintelor 2011: Populația stabilă după etnie – județe, municipii, orașe, comune
  6. ^ Romania and Bihor County Census, 2002, (in Hungarian) [1]
  7. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992, 2002 și 2011" Archived 22 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ Totorean, Adriana (23 April 2013). "Blazon greşit: Stema judeţului Bihor va fi refăcută, deoarece conţine un detaliu penibil". Ebihoreanul (in Romanian). Retrieved 21 October 2017. 
  9. ^ "Mandate de CJ pe judete si competitori" (in Romanian). Biroul Electoral Central. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016. 

Coordinates: 47°04′20″N 21°55′16″E / 47.0722°N 21.9211°E / 47.0722; 21.9211