Suceava County (Romanian pronunciation: [suˈtʃe̯ava]) is a county (Romanian: județ) of Romania. Most of its territory lies in the southern portion of the historical region of Bukovina, while the remainder forms part of Western Moldavia proper. The county seat is the historical city of Suceava (German: Suczawa, also Sotschen or Sutschawa), formerly the capital of the Principality of Moldavia during the late Middle Ages and then a pivotal, predominantly German-speaking commercial town of the Habsburg/Austrian Empire at the border with the Kingdom of Romania throughout the Modern Age up until 1918. Suceava County, as part of the historical and geographical region of Bukovina, had been sometimes described as 'Switzerland of the East'.
|Historical region||Southern Bukovina|
|• Total||8,553 km2 (3,302 sq mi)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||74/km2 (190/sq mi)|
|Telephone code||(+40) 230 or (+40) 330|
|ISO 3166 code||RO-SV|
|GDP (nominal)||US$ 3.188 billion (2015)|
|GDP per capita||US$ 5,022 (2015)|
- Romanians - 96.14%
- Romani - 1.92%
- Ukrainians (including Hutsuls and Rusyns) - 0.92%
- Lipovans - 0.27%
- Germans (Bukovina Germans, Zipser Germans, and Regat Germans) - 0.11%
- West Slavs (i.e. Poles, Slovaks, and Czechs) as well as other ethnic groups - 0.5%
The western side of the county consists of mountains from the Eastern Carpathians group: the Rodna Mountains, the Rarău Mountains, the Giumalău Mountains, and the Ridges of Bukovina, the latter with lower heights.
The county's elevation decreases towards the east, with the lowest height in the Siret River valley. The rivers crossing the county are the Siret River with its tributaries: the Moldova, Suceava, and Bistrița rivers.
The county of Suceava is bordered by the following other territorial units:
|Capital city (Reședință de județ)||Suceava|
|• Total||1,309 km2 (505 sq mi)|
|• Density||93/km2 (240/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
In the Kingdom of Romania, between the early 20th century up to the end of the 1940s, the county had a smaller size and population. The contemporary Suceava county is the result of the merger of other smaller former Romanian counties from the historical province of Bukovina that were functional mostly throughout the interwar period (e.g. Rădăuți County or Câmpulung County).
The present-day Suceava County also incorporates part of Baia County. As per the administrative reform of 1938 under King Carol II, the whole counties which divided Bukovina in the Kingdom of Romania were united into a bigger land called Ținutul Suceava.
As for the historical interwar Suceava County, this administrative unit was located in the northern part of Greater Romania and the southern part of the historical region of Bukovina respectively. Its territory is situated entirely within the borders of the current Suceava County, constituting thus the central-eastern part of the contemporary namesake county. During the interwar period, it was the smallest county of Greater Romania by area, covering 1,309 square kilometres (505 sq mi).
- Plasa Arbore, headquartered at Arbore
- Plasa Dragomirna, headquartered at Dragomirna
- Plasa Ilișești, headquartered at Ilișești
In 1938, the county was administratively reorganized into the following districts:
- Plasa Arbore, headquartered at Solca (containing 15 villages)
- Plasa Bosancea, headquartered at Bosancea (including 36 villages)
- Plasa Ilișești, headquartered at Ilișești (including 17 villages)
According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 121,327, ethnically divided among Romanians (79.5%), Germans (primarily Bukovina Germans but also Zipsers) (8.2%), Jews (5.5%), Poles (2.7%), Ukrainians (1.7%), as well as other minor ethnic minorities.
By language the county was divided among Romanian (76.5%), German (9.4%), Ukrainian (5.5%), Yiddish (4.3%), Polish (2.5%), as well as other languages. From the religious point of view, the population consisted of Eastern Orthodox (80.1%), Roman Catholic (8.4%), Jewish (5.5%), Evangelical Lutheran (3.3%), Greek Catholic (1.4%), as well as other minor religions.
The county's urban population consisted of 19,850 inhabitants (17,028 in Suceava and 2,822 in Solca), ethnically divided among Romanians (61.5%), Jews (18.7%), Germans (13.9%), Poles (2.6%), as well as other minor ethnic minorities.
As a mother tongue in the urban population, Romanian (60.4%) predominated, followed by German (18.7%), Yiddish (13.8%), Ukrainian (3.2%), Polish (2.2%), as well as other minor spoken languages. From the religious point of view, the urban population consisted of 60.6% Eastern Orthodox, 18.8% Jewish, 15.3% Roman Catholic, 2.0% Greek Catholic, 1.7% Evangelical Lutheran, 0.7% Baptist, as well as other confessional minorities.
The predominant industries/economic sectors in the county are as follows:
- Lumber - producing the greatest land mass of forests in Romania;
- Food and Cooking;
- Mechanical components;
- Construction materials;
- Textile and leather.
Suceava occupies the first place among the Romanian cities with the most commercial spaces per inhabitant. Notable supermarket chains correlated with the aforementioned economic areas: Metro, Carrefour, Auchan, Selgros, Kaufland, and Lidl (some of the biggest supermarket chains in Romania).
In 2018, Suceava County was designated 'European destination of excellence' by the European Commission. Furthermore, back in 2017, Suceava ranked 3rd in Romania regarding total tourist accommodation capacity.
The main touristic attractions of the county are:
- The town of Suceava with its medieval fortifications;
- The Painted churches of northern Moldavia and their monasteries:
- The medieval salt mine of Cacica (Polish: Kaczyka);
- The Vatra Dornei resort;
- The cities and towns of Rădăuți, Fălticeni, Câmpulung Moldovenesc, Gura Humorului, and Siret.
|Party||Seats||Current County Council|
|National Liberal Party (PNL)||18|
|Social Democratic Party (PSD)||13|
|People's Movement Party (PMP)||5|
Suceava County has 5 municipalities, 11 towns, and 98 communes.
- Capu Câmpului
- Ciprian Porumbescu
- Cornu Luncii
- Dorna Candrenilor
- Fântâna Mare
- Frătăuții Noi
- Frătăuții Vechi
- Fundu Moldovei
- Horodnic de Jos
- Horodnic de Sus
- Izvoarele Sucevei
- Mănăstirea Humorului
- Mitocu Dragomirnei
- Pârteștii de Jos
- Poiana Stampei
- Șaru Dornei
- Satu Mare
- Vadu Moldovei
- Valea Moldovei
- Vatra Moldoviței
- Vicovu de Jos
During June 2010, Gheorghe Flutur, at that time (as now) the president of Suceava County Council, stated in a Mediafax interview that his county was one of the worst hit in the country. In the morning of June 29, relief work was coordinated to deal with the flooding that killed 21 people and caused hundreds to be evacuated from their homes.
Natives and residentsEdit
- Matei Vișniec - Romanian-French playwright
- Nichita Danilov - Lipovan poet
- Iulian Vesper - Romanian poet and writer
- Nicolae Labiș - Romanian poet
- Grigore Vasiliu Birlic - Romanian actor
- Ion G. Sbiera - Romanian folklorist
- Ion Costist - Romanian 16th century Roman Catholic monk
- Liviu Giosan - Romanian-American marine geologist
- Elisabeta Lipă - Romanian Olympic rower
- Constantin Schumacher - Romanian-German footballer
- Józef Weber - German Roman Catholic archbishop
- Elisabeth Axmann - German writer
- Otto Babiasch - German Olympic boxer
- Lothar Würzel - German linguist, journalist, and politician
- George Ostafi - German abstract painter
- Hugo Weczerka - German historian and academician
- Anton Keschmann - German politician in the Imperial Austrian Parliament
- Olha Kobylianska - Ukrainian-German writer
- Ludwig Adolf Staufe-Simiginowicz - Ukrainian-German writer and educator
- George Löwendal - Russian-Danish painter
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Suceava County.|
- "HARTĂ INTERACTIVĂ - Câți mai suntem în România? Populația în fiecare județ și în fiecare municipiu din țară" (in Romanian). INSSE. 6 May 2019. Retrieved 6 May 2019.
- The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
- Sophie A. Welsch (March 1986). "The Bukovina-Germans During the Habsburg Period: Settlement, Ethnic Interaction, Contributions" (PDF). Retrieved 6 October 2021.
- Gaëlle Fisher (20 November 2018). "Looking Forwards through the Past: Bukovina's "Return to Europe" after 1989–1991". Lean Library. Retrieved 6 October 2021.
- David Rechter (16 October 2008). "Geography is destiny: Region, nation and empire in Habsburg Jewish Bukovina". Taylor & Francis Online. Retrieved 6 October 2021.
- National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie" Archived 2009-08-16 at the Wayback Machine
- National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002"
- "Populaţia României pe localitati la 1 ianuarie 2016" (in Romanian). INSSE. 6 June 2016. Archived from the original on 2017-10-27. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
- Portretul României Interbelice - Județul Suceava
- Recensământul general al populației României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 434-437
- Recensământul general al populației României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 738-739
- Sandrinio Neagu (4 May 2018). "Suceava pe primul loc la nivel național în privința spațiilor comerciale". Monitorul de Suceava (in Romanian). Retrieved 23 October 2020.
- Dan Coman. "Flutur a primit, la Bruxelles, premiul "Suceava, destinație europeană de excelență" (in Romanian)". Radio România Internațional. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
- "Județul Suceava pe locul trei ca număr de structuri de primire turistică după Brașov și Constanța (in Romanian)". News Bucovina. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
- "Rezultatele finale ale alegerilor locale din 2020" (Json) (in Romanian). Autoritatea Electorală Permanentă. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-07-03. Retrieved 2010-07-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Fundația Löwendal" (in Romanian).