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Alba County (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈalba]) is a county (județ) of Romania, in Transylvania, its capital city being Alba-Iulia with a population of 63,536.[1]

Alba County
Județul Alba
County
Flag of Alba County
Flag
Coat of arms of Alba County
Coat of arms
Location of Alba County in Romania
Location of Alba County in Romania
Country  Romania
Development region1 Centru
Historic region Transylvania
County seat Alba Iulia
Government
 • Type County Board
 • President of the County Board Ion Dumitrel (PDL)
 • Prefect2 Dan Simedru-Coriolan
Area
 • Total 6,242 km2 (2,410 sq mi)
Area rank 16th in Romania
Population
 • Total 327,224
 • Rank 29th in Romania
 • Density 52/km2 (140/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 51wxyz3
Area code(s) +40 x584
Car Plates AB5
GDP US$ 3.77 billion (2008)
GDP/capita US$ 9,842 (2008)
Website County Board
County Prefecture
1The developing regions of Romania have no administrative role. They were formed to attract funds from the European Union
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He or she is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned to have any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionaries corp
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or eaven the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utilitary vehicles & ATVs, etc.) and the ones used outside the county

Contents

NameEdit

"Alba", meaning "white" in Latin and Romanian, is derived from the name of the city of Alba Iulia. In Hungarian, the county is known as Fehér megye (fehér also meaning white), and in German as Kreis Karlsburg.

DemographicsEdit

In October 31, 2011, it had a population of 327,224 and the population density was 52/km².

Year County population[3]
1948 361,062
1956 370,800
1966 382,786
1977 409,634
1992 414,227
2002 382,747
2011 327,224

GeographyEdit

This county has a total area of 6,242 km², with mountains occupying about 59% of its surface.

In the northwestern part there are the Apuseni Mountains, in the southern part there is the northeastern side of the Parâng group - Șureanu and Cindrel Mountains. In the east there is the Transylvanian Plateau with deep but wide valleys. The three main elements are separated by the Mureș River valley.

The main rivers are the Mureș River and its tributaries, the Târnava, the Sebeș and the Arieș.

NeighborsEdit

EconomyEdit

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Food industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Wood industry.
  • Mechanical components.
  • Paper and packaging materials industry.
  • Chemical industry.

The mineral resources exploited in Alba county are metals (gold, silver, copper), salt and construction materials: marble, granite, etc.

Tourist attractionsEdit

 
Gold in quartz, Roșia Montană. Size 4.3 × 2.7 × 1.3 cm.

The main tourist attractions in the county are:

PoliticsEdit

The Alba County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 33 counselors, with the following party composition:[6]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  National Liberal Party 19                                      
  Social Democratic Party 9                                      
  Alliance of Liberals and Democrats 3                                      
  People's Movement Party 2                                      

Administrative divisionsEdit

Historical countyEdit

Județul Alba
County (Județ)
 
The Alba County Prefecture building of the interwar period, currently the headquarters of the Alba County Schools Inspectorate.
 
Coat of arms
 
Country   Romania
Historic region Transylvania
Capital city (Reședință de județ) Alba-Iulia
Established 1925
Area
 • Total 2,433 km2 (939 sq mi)
Population (1930)
 • Total 213,795
 • Density 88/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Historically, the county was located in the central-western part of Greater Romania, in the southwestern part of Transylvania. Its territory included the central part of the current Alba County.

It was bordered on the west by Hunedoara County, to the north by Turda County, and to the east by the counties of Sibiu and Târnava-Mică.

AdministrationEdit

 
Map of Alba County as constituted in 1938.

The county originally consisted of seven districts (plăṣi):[7]

  1. Plasa Abrud (headquarters at Abrud)
  2. Plasa Aiud (headquarters at Aiud)
  3. Plasa Ighiu (headquarters at Ighiu)
  4. Plasa Ocna Mureș (headquarters at Ocna Mureș)
  5. Plasa Sebeș (headquarters at Sebeș)
  6. Plasa Teiuș (headquarters at Teiuș)
  7. Plasa Vințu de Jos (headquarters at Vințu de Jos)

Subsequently, Plasa Ighiu was abolished and two other districts were established, leaving these:

  1. Plasa Abrud (seven villages, headquarters at Abrud)
  2. Plasa Aiud (thirty-three villages, headquarters at Aiud)
  3. Plasa Alba Iulia (eighteen villages, headquarters at Alba Iulia)
  4. Plasa Ocna Mureș (twenty-one villages, headquarters at Ocna Mureș)
  5. Plasa Sebeș (twenty-one villages, headquarters at Sebeș)
  6. Plasa Teiuș (twenty villages, headquarters at Teiuș)
  7. Plasa Vințu de Jos (thirteen villages, headquarters at Vințu de Jos)
  8. Plasa Zlatna (eighteen villages, headquarters at Zlatna)

There were four towns: Alba-Iulia, Abrud, Aiud and Sebeș.

PopulationEdit

According to the census data of 1930, the county's population was 212,749, of which 81.5% were Romanians, 11.3% Hungarians, 3.6% Germans, 1.8% Romanies, 1.4% Jews, as well as other minorities. In the religious aspect, the population consisted of 50.1% Eastern Orthodox, 31.6% Greek Catholics, 7.5% Reformed (Calvinists), 3.4% Roman Catholics, 3.3% Evangelical (Lutherans), 1.2% Unitarians, and other minorities.[8]

Urban populationEdit

In 1930, the urban population of the county was 33,365, of which 58.8% were Romanians, 23.0% Hungarians, 8.2% Germans, 6.2% Jews, 1.6% Romanies, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was made up of 38.3% Eastern Orthodox, 21.4% Greek Catholic, 14.7% Reformed (Calvinist), 7.2% Evangelical (Lutheran), 6.5% Jewish, as well as other minorities.[8]

After 1938Edit

After the 1938 Administrative and Constitutional Reform, this county merged with the counties of Ciuc, Odorhei, Sibiu, Târnava Mare, Târnava Micǎ to form Ținutul Mureș. The county was re-established in 1940, but dissolved again in 1950. It was re-established in 1968 in its current borders.

PeopleEdit

Notable natives include:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-04-18. Retrieved 2012-03-26. 
  2. ^ "COMUNICAT DE PRESĂ : 2 februarie 2012 privind rezultatele provizorii ale Recensământului Populaţiei şi Locuinţelor – 2011" (PDF). Recensamantromania.ro. Retrieved 11 April 2018. 
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992, 2002 şi 2011" Archived 2006-09-22 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ "Roşia Montană (Verespatak; Vöröspatak; Goldbach), Roşia Montanã Commune, Alba Co., Romania". www.mindat.org. Retrieved 5 April 2018. 
  5. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Roșia Montană Mining Cultural Landscape - UNESCO World Heritage Centre". whc.unesco.org. Retrieved 5 April 2018. 
  6. ^ "Mandate de CJ pe judete si competitori" (in Romanian). Biroul Electoral Central. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016. 
  7. ^ Portretul României Interbelice - Județul Alba
  8. ^ a b Recensământul general al populației României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pp. 522-524

External linksEdit