Sebeș (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈsebeʃ]; German: Mühlbach; Hungarian: Szászsebes; Transylvanian Saxon dialect: Melnbach) is a city in Alba County, central Romania, southern Transylvania.

Sebeș
Sebeș Lutheran church in July 2007
Coat of arms of Sebeș
Location in Alba County
Location in Alba County
Sebeș is located in Romania
Sebeș
Sebeș
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 45°57′36″N 23°34′12″E / 45.96000°N 23.57000°E / 45.96000; 23.57000Coordinates: 45°57′36″N 23°34′12″E / 45.96000°N 23.57000°E / 45.96000; 23.57000
CountryRomania
CountyAlba
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2024) Dorin Gheorghe Nistor[1] (PNL)
Area
115.45 km2 (44.58 sq mi)
Elevation
262 m (860 ft)
Population
 (2011)[2]
27,019
 • Density230/km2 (610/sq mi)
Time zoneEET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)
Postal code
515800
Area code(+40) 02 58
Vehicle reg.AB
Websitewww.primariasebes.ro

GeographyEdit

The city lies in the Mureș River valley and straddles the river Sebeș. It is at the crossroads of two main highways in Romania: the A1 motorway coming from Sibiu and going towards Deva and the A10 motorway going towards Alba Iulia and Cluj-Napoca. Their national road counterparts passing through the city are the DN1 (E81) and the DN7 (E68), both of which also come from Sibiu.

It is situated 15 km (9.3 mi) south of the county capital Alba Iulia and it also has three villages under its administration:

  • Petrești (Petersdorf; Péterfalva) – 3.5 km (2.2 mi) south
  • Lancrăm (Langendorf; Lámkerék) – 2 km (1.2 mi) north
  • Răhău (Reichau; Rehó) – 6 km (3.7 mi) east.

ClimateEdit

Sebeș has a humid continental climate (Cfb in the Köppen climate classification).

Climate data for Sebeș
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2.7
(36.9)
5.2
(41.4)
10.3
(50.5)
16.1
(61.0)
20.5
(68.9)
23.8
(74.8)
25.8
(78.4)
26.1
(79.0)
20.9
(69.6)
15.4
(59.7)
9.8
(49.6)
4
(39)
15.1
(59.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.8
(30.6)
1.1
(34.0)
5.4
(41.7)
11
(52)
15.7
(60.3)
19.3
(66.7)
21.1
(70.0)
21.3
(70.3)
16.3
(61.3)
10.9
(51.6)
5.8
(42.4)
0.7
(33.3)
10.7
(51.2)
Average low °C (°F) −4
(25)
−2.6
(27.3)
0.7
(33.3)
5.6
(42.1)
10.5
(50.9)
14.1
(57.4)
16.1
(61.0)
16.4
(61.5)
12
(54)
6.8
(44.2)
2.5
(36.5)
−2.2
(28.0)
6.3
(43.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 44
(1.7)
43
(1.7)
57
(2.2)
82
(3.2)
97
(3.8)
118
(4.6)
103
(4.1)
85
(3.3)
71
(2.8)
57
(2.2)
47
(1.9)
52
(2.0)
856
(33.5)
Source: https://en.climate-data.org/europe/romania/alba/sebes-59412/

HistoryEdit

It is believed that there has been an earlier rural settlement in this area, with Romanian and Pecheneg population, situated east of today's city. The city itself was built by German settlers — later referred as Transylvanian Saxons, but actually originating from the region of Rhine and Moselle — on the territory of the Hungarian Kingdom in the second half of the 12th century and became an important city in medieval Transylvania. Its city walls were reinforced after the Tatar (Mongol) invasions from 1241–1242, but the city was occupied in 1438 by the Ottoman Empire. Transylvania's voivode John I Zápolya died in Sebeș in 1540. The Transylvanian Diet met in Sebeș in 1546, 1556, 1598, and 1600. The location of the meetings, the Zápolya House, is now a museum. In the oldest documents that attest the existence of Sebeș, the city is named "Malebach"(1245), "Millenbach"(1309), names that derive from the German "Malemboch", which means "the river that carries a lot of rocks", which corresponds to the geography of the city.

Johannes Tröster's work "Das alt und neue Teutsche Dacia" published in 1666 in Nuremberg sets the date of the city's founding in 1150. The great Mongol invasion destroyed the city in 1242, after which the inhabitants rebuilt it. The old two-towered Romanesque basilica was rebuilt in early Gothic style. The current tower was built on the foundations of the two original towers. The fourteenth century brought with it a period of development of the city, it being listed in 1376 as the third commercial importance among the Saxon cities. A royal deed from 1387 enshrines the right of Sebeș to build fortress walls, although their construction had probably begun before the middle of the 14th century. It thus becomes, despite its small size, the first city in Transylvania to be completely surrounded by masonry fortifications.

After the union with Romania in 1918, the first mayor of the city was Lionel Blaga, the brother of the Romanian poet and philosopher Lucian Blaga, who was born in the nearby village of Lancrăm.

Town councilEdit

The town's current local council has the following multi-party political composition, based on the results of the ballots cast at the 2020 Romanian local elections:[3]

    Party Seats Current Council
  National Liberal Party (PNL) 14                            
  Social Democratic Party (PSD) 5                          

EconomyEdit

 
The Zapolya building

Today Sebeș is a city with a dynamic economy, having received in the last decade important foreign investments: wood processing and leather goods manufacturing are the chief domains of the local industry. As of March 2015, the unemployment rate was under 2%, the lowest of any city in Romania at the time.[4]

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1910 8,504—    
1930 9,137+7.4%
1948 10,080+10.3%
1956 11,628+15.4%
1966 13,715+17.9%
1977 25,926+89.0%
1992 29,754+14.8%
2002 29,475−0.9%
2011 24,165−18.0%
2022 TBA—    
Source: Census data

According to the 1850 census, the population of Sebeș municipality at that time was 8,701 inhabitants in total, most of whom were Romanians, but there was also a fairly high percentage of Germans because it was a German town. According to the 2011 census, Sebeș has 24,165 inhabitants, of which:[5]

From a confessional point of view, the majority of the inhabitants are Orthodox (80.1%), with a minority of Pentecostals (3.05%). For 11.58% of the population, the confessional affiliation is not known.

NativesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Results of the 2020 local elections". Central Electoral Bureau. Retrieved 6 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Populaţia stabilă pe judeţe, municipii, oraşe şi localităti componenete la RPL_2011" (XLS). National Institute of Statistics.
  3. ^ "Consiliul Local Sebeș - componență". Primăria Sebeș (in Romanian). Retrieved 7 September 2022.
  4. ^ "Orașul cu cea mai mică rată a șomajului din România". Digi24 (in Romanian). October 1, 2014. Retrieved August 24, 2022.
  5. ^ "Comunicat de presă privind rezultatele provizorii ale Recensământului Populației și Locuințelor – 2011" (PDF). Alba County Regional Statistics Directorate. 2012-02-02. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-04-18. Retrieved 2012-02-14.

External linksEdit