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The Mureș (Romanian: [ˈmureʃ]; Hungarian: Maros, IPA: [ˈmɒroʃ]; Serbian: Мориш, romanizedMoriš) is a 789-kilometre-long (490 mi) river in Eastern Europe. Its drainage basin covers an area of 30,332 km2 (11,711 sq mi).[2]:22 It originates in the Hășmașu Mare Range in the Eastern Carpathian Mountains, Romania, rising close to the headwaters of the river Olt, and joins the Tisza at Szeged in southeastern Hungary.

Mureș/Maros
MuresRiver.750pix.jpg
The Mureș in Arad
Raul Mures.png
Map of the Mureș basin
Location
CountryRomania, Hungary
CitiesArad, Târgu Mureș, Szeged
Physical characteristics
SourceCarpathian Mountains
 ⁃ locationIzvorul Mureșului, Harghita County, Romania
 ⁃ coordinates46°36′55″N 25°37′2″E / 46.61528°N 25.61722°E / 46.61528; 25.61722
 ⁃ elevation850 m (2,790 ft)
MouthTisza
 ⁃ location
Szeged, Csongrád County, Hungary
 ⁃ coordinates
46°15′6″N 20°11′39″E / 46.25167°N 20.19417°E / 46.25167; 20.19417Coordinates: 46°15′6″N 20°11′39″E / 46.25167°N 20.19417°E / 46.25167; 20.19417
 ⁃ elevation
75 m (246 ft)
Length789 km (490 mi)
Basin size30,332 km2 (11,711 sq mi)
Discharge 
 ⁃ locationMakó
 ⁃ average184 m3/s (6,500 cu ft/s)
Basin features
ProgressionTiszaDanubeBlack Sea
Tributaries 
 ⁃ leftTârnava, Sebeș
 ⁃ rightArieș
[1][2]

The Mureș River flows through the Romanian counties Harghita, Mureș, Alba, Hunedoara, Arad and Timiș, and the Hungarian county Csongrád. The largest cities on the Mureș/Maros are Târgu Mureș, Alba Iulia, Deva and Arad in Romania, and Makó in Hungary.

The Hungarian reaches of the Mureș/Maros are 73 km (45 mi) long as the state border. Some 28.5 km2 (11.0 sq mi) on the northern side of the river are protected as part of the Körös-Maros National Park. The Maros Floodplain Protected Area consists of gallery forests, floodplain meadows and 0.6 km2 (0.23 sq mi) of forest reserve near Szeged.

Salt used to be traded in medieval times on the river on large rafts.

NameEdit

The river is known to be first mentioned by Herodotus in 484 BC bearing the name Maris. It was known in Latin as the Marisus; It is also mentioned in 948 AD, in a document of the Byzantine Emperor Constantine VII, under the name Muresis (Mureios)[3]

It was also known in German variously as the Mieresch, Marosch or Muresch, owing to Transylvanian Saxon settlements and prior Habsburg rule. It was known in Turkish as the Maroş or Muriş under the Ottomans.

Towns and villagesEdit

The following towns are situated along the river Mureș, from source to mouth: Toplița, Reghin, Târgu Mureș, Luduș, Ocna Mureș, Aiud, Teiuș, Alba Iulia, Geoagiu, Orăștie, Simeria, Deva, Lipova, Arad, Nădlac (all in Romania), Makó, Szeged (both in Hungary).

The Mureș flows through the following communes (grouped by counties, from source to mouth):

TributariesEdit

The following rivers are tributaries to the river Mureș:

Left: Cărbunele Negru, Senetea, Fierăstrăul, Șumuleul Mare, Borzontul Mare, Borzontul Mic, Pietrosul, Bacta, Limbuș, Pârâul Pietrei, Eseniu, Martonca, Calnaci, Musca, Gălăuțaș, Zăpodea, Măgheruș, Mărșinețul de Sus, Gudea Mare, Sălard, Iod, Borzia, Sebeș, Fițcău, Idicel, Deleni, Gurghiu, Mocear, Beica, Habic, Petrilaca, Valea cu Nuci, Terebici, Pocloș, Budiu, Niraj, Pârâul Mare, Lăscud, Sărata, Șeulia, Valea Luncilor, Ațintiș, Găbud, Fărău, Ciunga, Pusta Băgăului, Rât, Târnava, Hăpria, Sebeș, Pianul, Cioara, Cugir, Vaidei, Romos, Orăștie, Turdaș, Strei, Tâmpa, Cerna, Herepeia, Căoi, Vulcez, Leșnic, Săcămaș, Plai, Dobra, Abucea, Valea Mare, Sălciva, Peștiș, Căpriorișca, Somonița, Birchiș, Izvor, Fiac, Suliniș, Lalașinț, Chelmac, Pârâul Mare, Șiștarovăț, Țârnobara, Sinicoț, Valea Fânețelor de Jos, Zădărlac, Zădăreni

Right: Chindeni, Arinul Scurt, Strâmba, Pârâul Noroios, Belcina, Lăzarea, Ghiduț, Ditrău, Faier, Jolotca, Filipea, Sărmaș, Ciucic, Toplița, Călimănel, Mermezeu, Zebrac, Neagra, Ilva, Obcina Ferigerilor, Răstolița, Gălăoaia, Bistra, Pietriș, Dumbrava, Râpa, Agriș, Lueriu, Luț, Șar, Voiniceni, Cuieșd, Valea Fânațelor, Șăușa, Valea din Jos, Lechința, Ranta, Pârâul de Câmpie, Grindeni, Arieș, Unirea, Ciugud, Ormeniș, Mirăslău, Lopadea, Aiud, Gârbova, Geoagiu (Alba), Galda, Ampoi, Pâclișa, Valea Vințului, Blandiana, Stânișoara, Băcăinți, Homorod, Geoagiu (Hunedoara), Boiul, Bobâlna, Valea lui Sânpetru, Lazu, Vărmaga, Certej, Boholt, Căian, Bejan, Boz, Sârbi, Băcișoara, Gurasada, Zam, Almaș, Petriș, Crăciuneasca, Troaș, Vinești, Stejar, Julița, Valea Mare, Grosul, Monoroștia, Bârzava, Nadăș, Conop, Cornic, Milova, Jernova, Șoimoș, Radna, Cladova, Crac, Száraz-ér

ImagesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Mureș river Info". Retrieved November 6, 2014.
  2. ^ a b Analysis of the Tisza River Basin 2007, IPCDR
  3. ^ Béla Köpeczi, History of Transylvania: From the beginnings to 1606.

External linksEdit

  • Trasee turistice - județul Mureș [1]