Open main menu

Birchiș (Hungarian: Marosberkes; German: Birkisch) is a commune in Arad County, Romania.

Birchiș
Commune
Coat of arms of Birchiș
Coat of arms
Location in Arad County
Location in Arad County
Birchiș is located in Romania
Birchiș
Birchiș
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 45°58′N 22°10′E / 45.967°N 22.167°E / 45.967; 22.167
Country Romania
CountyArad County
Population (2002)[1]
 • Total2,044
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

The commune is situated in the contact zone of the Mureș Couloir with the Lipovei Hills and it stretches over a surface of 10228 ha. It is composed of four villages: Birchiș (situated at 81 km from Arad), Căpâlnaș (Kápolnás), Ostrov (Marossziget) and Virișmort (Szádvörösmart).

Contents

PopulationEdit

According to the last census the population of the commune counts 2044 inhabitants. From an ethnical point of view it has the following structure: 87.7% are Romanians, 0.5% Hungarians, 11.6 Roma and 0.2% are of other or undeclared nationalities.

HistoryEdit

The first documentary record of the locality Birchiș dates back to 1596. Căpâlnaș was first mentioned in 1369, Ostrov in 1169 and Virișmort in 1374.

EconomyEdit

The economy of the commune is mainly agricultural, plant-growing and livestock-breeding are well represented.

TourismEdit

There is a castle in Căpâlnaș, a historical and architectural monument built in the 19th century (today being a sanatorium). The commune Birchiș is well-known both in the country and abroad for the ceramic products made by local craftsmen.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ (in Romanian) "Birchiş" Archived March 25, 2012, at the Wayback Machine., at the Erdélyi Magyar Adatbank's Recensământ 2002 Archived March 20, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.; Retrieved on September 4, 2009

Coordinates: 45°58′N 22°10′E / 45.967°N 22.167°E / 45.967; 22.167