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Alsó-Fehér was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in western Romania (central Transylvania). The capital of the county was Nagyenyed (present-day Aiud).

Alsó-Fehér County
Comitatus Albensis Inferior  (Latin)
Alsó-Fehér vármegye  (Hungarian)
Komitat Unterweißenburger  (German)
Comitatul Alba de Jos  (Romanian)
County of the Kingdom of Hungary

Coat of arms of Alsó-Fehér

Coat of arms
Location of Alsó-Fehér
Capital Nagyenyed
46°19′N 23°44′E / 46.317°N 23.733°E / 46.317; 23.733Coordinates: 46°19′N 23°44′E / 46.317°N 23.733°E / 46.317; 23.733
 •  Established 1876
 •  Treaty of Trianon June 4, 1920
 •  1910 3,646 km2 (1,408 sq mi)
 •  1910 221,618 
Density 60.8 /km2  (157.4 /sq mi)
Today part of Romania
Aiud is the current name of the capital.



Alsó-Fehér county shared borders with the Hungarian counties Hunyad, Torda-Aranyos, Kis-Küküllő, Nagy-Küküllő, and Szeben. The rivers Maros and Küküllő flow through the county. Its area was 3580 km² around 1910.


Alsó-Fehér (Lower Fehér) county was formed when the county Fehér was split in the Late Middle Ages. (The other half, Felső-Fehér county, consisted entirely of enclaves between Székely and Saxon seats.) In 1876, when the administrative structure of Transylvania was changed, the territory of Alsó-Fehér was modified, and Felső-Fehér county was entirely abolished and merged with other counties. In 1920 the Treaty of Trianon assigned the territory of the county to Romania. Its territory lies in the present Romanian counties of Alba, Sibiu (the south-east) and Mureş (a small northeastern part).


In 1900, the county had a population of 212,352 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]


According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]


Ethnic map of the county with data of the 1910 census (see the key in the description)

In 1910, county had a population of 221,618 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]


According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]


The majority of the Hungarians lived in the cities of the county (like Gyulafehérvár, Nagyenyed, Abrudbánya, Vízakna, etc.) and in the districts of Marosújvár and Nagyenyed.


In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Alsó-Fehér county were:

Districts (járások)
District Capital
     Alvinc Alvinc, (Romanian: Vințu de Jos)
     Balázsfalva Balázsfalva, (Romanian: Blaj)
     Kisenyed Vízakna, (Romanian: Ocna Sibiului)
     Magyarigen Magyarigen, (Romanian: Ighiu)
     Marosújvár Marosújvár, (Romanian: Ocna Mureş)
     Nagyenyed Nagyenyed, (Romanian: Aiud)
Tövis (from 1908) Tövis, (Romanian: Teiuş)
     Verespatak Verespatak, (Romanian: Roşia Montană)
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú városok)
Abrudbánya, (Romanian: Abrud)
Gyulafehérvár, (Romanian: Alba Iulia)
Nagyenyed, (Romanian: Aiud)
Vízakna, (Romanian: Ocna Sibiului)


  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Retrieved 2012-12-06.
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Retrieved 2012-12-06.
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Retrieved 2012-06-19.
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Retrieved 2012-06-19.