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Hunyad County

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Hunyad (today mainly Hunedoara) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary, of the Eastern Hungarian Kingdom and of the Principality of Transylvania. Its territory is now in Romania in Transylvania. The capital of the county was Déva (present-day Deva).

Hunyad County
Comitatus Hunyadensis  (Latin)
Hunyad vármegye  (Hungarian)
Komitat Hunyad  (German)
Comitatul Hunedoara  (Romanian)
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
(1265–1529)
County of the Eastern Hungarian Kingdom (1529–1570)
County of the Principality of Transylvania (1570–1867)
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
(1867–1920)
1920

Coat of arms of Hunyad

Coat of arms

Capital Déva
45°53′N 22°54′E / 45.883°N 22.900°E / 45.883; 22.900Coordinates: 45°53′N 22°54′E / 45.883°N 22.900°E / 45.883; 22.900
History
 •  Established Enter start date
 •  Treaty of Trianon 4 June 1920
Area
 •  1910 7,809 km2 (3,015 sq mi)
Population
 •  1910 340,100 
Density 43.6 /km2  (112.8 /sq mi)
Today part of Romania
Deva is the current name of the capital.

Contents

GeographyEdit

After 1876, Hunyad county shared borders with Romania and the Hungarian counties Krassó-Szörény, Arad, Torda-Aranyos, Alsó-Fehér and Szeben. Its area was 7809 km² around 1910.

HistoryEdit

 
Hunyad county as an administrative unit in the early 16th century
 
Hunyad county in the Principality of Transylvania
 
Hunyad county (1876-1920)
 
Map of Hunyad county (1890)

Hunyad county was formed in the Middle Ages. It was first attested in 1265 as Hungnod by the Papal Quitrent Register. In 1876, when the administrative structure of Transylvania was changed, its territory was modified. In 1920, by the Treaty of Trianon the county became part of Romania. Most of its territory lies in the present Romanian county Hunedoara; a strip in the east is now part of Alba; a strip in the west is now part of Caraș-Severin County (the commune Băuţar).

DemographicsEdit

In 1900, the county had a population of 303,838 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

 
Ethnic map of the county with data of the 1910 census (see the key in the description).

In 1910, county had a population of 340,135 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

SubdivisionsEdit

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Hunyad County were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Algyógy Algyógyalfalu, RO Geoagiu
Brád Brád, RO Brad
Déva Déva, RO Deva
Hátszeg Hátszeg, RO Hațeg
Kőrösbánya Kőrösbánya, RO Baia de Criș
Marosillye Marosillye, RO Ilia
Petrozsény Petrozsény, RO Petroșani
Puj Puj, RO Pui
Szászváros Szászváros, RO Orăștie
Vajdahunyad Vajdahunyad, RO Hunedoara
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Déva, RO Deva
Hátszeg, RO Hațeg
Szászváros, RO Orăștie
Vajdahunyad, RO Hunedoara

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. p. 23. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  2. ^ a b "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. p. 31. Retrieved 2012-12-06.