The Jiu (Romanian: [ʒiw] (About this soundlisten); Hungarian: Zsil [ʒil]; German: Schil or Schiel; Latin: Rabon) is a river in southern Romania.[1][2] It is formed near Petroșani by the confluence of headwaters Jiul de Vest and Jiul de Est.

Jiu
Jiu River in Craiova.jpg
View of the river Jiu passing Craiova city, Dolj County, Romania
Raul Jiu.png
The river Jiu in Romania.
Location
CountryRomania
CountiesHunedoara, Gorj, Dolj
CitiesPetroșani (Jiul de Est), Lupeni (Jiul
de Vest), Târgu Jiu, Craiova
Physical characteristics
SourceConfluence of headwaters Jiul de Vest and Jiul de Est, near Petroșani, Hunedoara
 • coordinates45°22′07″N 23°22′04″E / 45.36861°N 23.36778°E / 45.36861; 23.36778
 • elevation554 m (1,818 ft)
MouthDanube
 • location
near Bechet, Dolj
 • coordinates
43°46′41″N 23°48′48″E / 43.77806°N 23.81333°E / 43.77806; 23.81333Coordinates: 43°46′41″N 23°48′48″E / 43.77806°N 23.81333°E / 43.77806; 23.81333
Length339 km (211 mi)
Basin size10,080 km2 (3,890 sq mi)
Discharge 
 • locationmouth
 • average86 m3/s (3,000 cu ft/s)
Basin features
ProgressionDanubeBlack Sea
Tributaries 
 • leftJiul de Est, Gilort, Amaradia
 • rightJiul de Vest, Motru

It flows southward through the Romanian counties Hunedoara, Gorj and Dolj before flowing into the Danube near Zăval,[3] a few kilometers upstream from the Bulgarian city of Oryahovo. It is 339 kilometres (211 mi) long, including its source river Jiul de Vest.[2][4] It has a basin of 10,080 km2 (3,890 sq mi).[2][4][5] Its average discharge at the mouth is 86 m3/s (3,000 cu ft/s).[4]

The upper Jiu Valley, around Petroșani and Lupeni, is Romania's principal coal mining region.

Towns and citiesEdit

The following towns are situated along the river Jiu, from source to mouth: Petroșani (Jiul de Est), Lupeni (Jiul de Vest), Bumbești-Jiu, Târgu Jiu, Turceni, Filiași, Craiova.

 
Border checkpoint between Romania and Austria-Hungary on the Jiu gorge (cca. 1914)

TributariesEdit

The following rivers are tributaries to the river Jiu (from source to mouth):[2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Planul național de management. Sinteza planurilor de management la nivel de bazine/spații hidrografice, anexa 7.1" (PDF, 5.1 MB). Administrația Națională Apele Române. 2010. p. 538.
  2. ^ a b c d Atlasul cadastrului apelor din România. Partea 1 (in Romanian). Bucharest: Ministerul Mediului. 1992. pp. 239–255. OCLC 895459847. River code: VII.1
  3. ^ Jiu (jud. Dolj), e-calauza.ro
  4. ^ a b c "Danube River Basin District, Part A - Roof Report" (PDF). ICPDR. April 2004. p. 12.
  5. ^ 2017 Romanian Statistical Yearbook, p. 13