Giurgiu County

Giurgiu (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈdʒjurdʒju] (audio speaker iconlisten)) is a county (județ) of Romania on the border with Bulgaria, in Muntenia, with the capital city at Giurgiu.

Giurgiu County
Județul Giurgiu
Coat of arms of Giurgiu County
Giurgiu in Romania.svg
Coordinates: 44°10′N 25°54′E / 44.16°N 25.9°E / 44.16; 25.9Coordinates: 44°10′N 25°54′E / 44.16°N 25.9°E / 44.16; 25.9
Country Romania
Development region1Sud
Historic regionMuntenia
Capital city (Reședință de județ)Giurgiu
 • TypeCounty Board
 • President of the County BoardDumitru Beianu (PNL)
 • Prefect2Aneta Matei
 • Total3,526 km2 (1,361 sq mi)
Area rank40th in Romania
 • Total265,494
 • Rank38th in Romania
 • Density75.92/km2 (196.6/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal Code
Area code(s)+40 x464
Car PlatesGR5
GDPUS$1.657 billion (2015)
GDP/capitaUS$6,242 (2015)
WebsiteCounty Board
County Prefecture
1The developing regions of Romania have no administrative role. They were formed to attract funds from the European Union
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned from any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionary corps
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county


In 2011, it had a population of 265,494 and the population density was 75.29/km2.

Year County population[2]
1948 313,793
1956   325,045
1966   320,120
1977   327,494
1992   313,084
2002   297,859
2011   265,494


This county has a total area of 3,526 km2.

The county is situated on a plain – the Southern part of the Romanian Plain. The landscape is flat, crossed by small rivers. The southern part is the valley of the Danube which forms the border with Bulgaria. In the North, the Argeș River and Dâmbovița River flow.



The county has two big areas of development: one close to the city of Giurgiu – The Free Trade Zone Giurgiu, and one in the North of the county due to its proximity with Bucharest.

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Food and beverages industry;
  • Textile industry;
  • Chemical industry;
  • Wood and furniture industry;
  • Mechanical components industry.

Agriculture is the main occupation in the county. Both extensive agriculture, and small scale – for Bucharest markets, is practiced. 59% of the cultivated surface is irrigated.


The county recently became famous for its lăutari, especially the group Taraful Haiducilor.

The main tourist destinations are:

The city of GiurgiuEdit

Here the tourists can visit:

  • The Clock Tower, made by Turks when the Giurgiu was "raia"
  • The Historical Museum
  • The theatre "Valah"
  • The first bridge built in angel from Europe, over the Canalul Sf Gheorghe and Canalul Plantelor, with a specific construction over 100 years old; near this bridge is a new one from 2007
  • The Bridge of Friendship over the Danube between Giurgiu, Romania and Rousse, Bulgaria
  • The churches painted by important painters like Grigorescu
  • The fluvial station on the Danube river "Port Giurgiu"
  • The street "Str. Garii" filled with markets
  • The beautiful parks from town where many statues and fountains can be found
  • Fishing along the Danube
  • The Călugăreni area
  • The monasteries from Giurgiu, Comana
Landscape in the northern part of the county


The Giurgiu County Council, renewed at the 2020 local elections, consists of 30 counsellors, with the following party composition:[3]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  National Liberal Party (PNL) 18                                    
  Social Democratic Party (PSD) 12                                    

Administrative divisionsEdit

Giurgiu County has 1 municipality, 2 towns and 51 communes:


  1. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia după etnie" Archived 16 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 şi 2002" Archived 22 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "Rezultatele finale ale alegerilor locale din 2020" (Json) (in Romanian). Autoritatea Electorală Permanentă. Retrieved 2 November 2020.

External linksEdit