UTC+03:00 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of +03:00. In areas using this time offset, the time is three hours later than the Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). Following the ISO 8601 standard, a time with this offset would be written as, for example, 2019-02-08T23:36:06+03:00.
|06:22, 1 December 2022 UTC+03:00|
|45 degrees E|
As standard time (year-round)Edit
- Principal cities: Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Doha, Riyadh, Baghdad, Nairobi, Dire Dawa, Addis Ababa, Manama, Sana'a, Aden, Minsk, Kuwait City, Asmara, Antananarivo, Kampala, Amman, Damascus
- Somaliland (disputed territory)
- South Africa
Arabia Standard TimeEdit
Arabia Standard Time, or AST (indicated by KSA on some Arabic TV stations), is used by some of the countries in the Middle East. As this time zone is predominantly in the equatorial region, there is no significant change in day length throughout the year, so daylight saving time is not observed. Between 1982 and 2007, Iraq observed Arabia Daylight Time (UTC+04:00) but the government abolished DST in March 2008.
Arabia Standard Time is used by the following countries:
Most of European Russia, including Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Rostov-on-Don, Novaya Zemlya, Franz Josef Land. From October 26, 2014 Moscow and most other parts of European Russia started using UTC+03:00 again, year-round. Also on September 7, 2016, Turkey started using UTC+03:00 year-round. Besides the names mentioned above, the name "Eastern Europe Forward Time"' (EEFT) is sometimes used.
- Russia – Moscow Time
- Central Federal District
- North Caucasian Federal District
- Northwestern Federal District
- Except Kaliningrad Oblast
- Southern Federal District
- Except Astrakhan Oblast
- Volga Federal District
- Volgograd Oblast
- Turkey – Time in Turkey
As daylight saving time (Northern Hemisphere summer only)Edit
- United Kingdom
Discrepancies between official UTC+03:00 and geographical UTC+03:00Edit
Areas in UTC+03:00 longitudes using other time zonesEdit
- Caucasus region:
- Russia, with parts of its territories:
- Astrakhan, Samara, Saratov and Ulyanovsk (with an exception of the very east)
- Western half of the of Udmurtia
- United Arab Emirates
- The westernmost region of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi
- French Southern and Antarctic Lands
- The western part, including Tehran
- Ukraine (standard time)
- The easternmost part, including Luhansk
- The very easternmost part in the country
Areas outside UTC+03:00 longitudes using UTC+03:00 timeEdit
- The very east of Severny Island with 69°2' E as the easternmost point
Areas between 52°30' E and 67°30' E ("physical" UTC+04:00)Edit
- Saudi Arabia
- The easternmost part of Syarqiyah
Areas between 22°30' E and 37°30' E ("physical" UTC+02:00)Edit
- The western part, including nation's capital Nairobi
- Saudi Arabia
- The northwesternmost part, including Tabuk
- Part of Donetsk and Luhansk regions
- The western part, including Saint Petersburg, half of Moscow and Crimea
- The westernmost point at UTC+03:00 is the westernmost point of contiguous Russia, near Lavry, Pskov Oblast (27°19' E). The time zone employed there (corresponding to 45°E) is 17°41' E of physical time, i.e. roughly 1 hour and 11 minutes ahead of physical time, making for the largest overall discrepancy between time used and physical time for UTC+03:00.
- The easternmost point at UTC+03:00 is Cape Zhelaniya, Severny Island, Novaya Zemlya, Russia (69°06' E). The time zone employed there (corresponding to 45°E) is 24°06' W of physical time, i.e. roughly 1 hour and 36 minutes behind physical time, making for the largest discrepancy between time used and physical time for UTC+03:00.
- On February 8, 2011, Russian president Dmitry Medvedev issued a decree cancelling daylight saving time in Russia. Under the decree, all clocks in Russia advanced by 1 hour on March 27, 2011, but did not change back the following October, effectively making Kaliningrad Time UTC+03:00 permanently, and Moscow Time UTC+04:00 permanently. This proved unpopular because of the dark mornings, children walking to school and people going to work in complete darkness. On October 26, 2014, Russia permanently returned to standard time by setting the clocks back by 1 hour effectively making Kaliningrad Time UTC+02:00 permanently and Moscow Time UTC+03:00 permanently.
- Ukraine had UTC+02:00 plus regularly EEST from 1990 till 2011 (in years 1981–1990 Moscow Summer Time) until the Ukrainian parliament added 1 hour "on the territory of Ukraine from March 27, 2011" and canceled daylight saving time on September 20, 2011, de facto making EEST (UTC+03:00) the new standard time. After strong criticism from the mass media, on 18 October 2011 the Ukrainian parliament cancelled its previous decision.
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- "Ukraine to return to standard time on Oct. 30 (updated)". Kyiv Post. 18 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2011.