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Orenburg Oblast (Russian: Оренбу́ргская о́бласть, Orenburgskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Its administrative center is the city of Orenburg. From 1938 to 1957, it bore the name Chkalov Oblast (Чка́ловская о́бласть) in honor of Valery Chkalov. Population: 2,033,072 (2010 Census).[5]

Orenburg Oblast
Оренбургская область
Flag of Orenburg Oblast
Flag
Coat of arms of Orenburg Oblast
Coat of arms
Map of Russia - Orenburg Oblast.svg
Coordinates: 52°08′N 55°36′E / 52.133°N 55.600°E / 52.133; 55.600Coordinates: 52°08′N 55°36′E / 52.133°N 55.600°E / 52.133; 55.600
CountryRussia
Federal districtVolga[1]
Economic regionUrals[2]
EstablishedDecember 7, 1934
Administrative centerOrenburg
Government
 • BodyLegislative Assembly
 • GovernorDenis Pasler[3]
Area
 • Total124,000 km2 (48,000 sq mi)
Area rank29th
Population
 (2010 Census)[5]
 • Total2,033,072
 • Estimate 
(2018)[6]
1,977,720 (-2.7%)
 • Rank23rd
 • Density16/km2 (42/sq mi)
 • Urban
59.7%
 • Rural
40.3%
Time zoneUTC+5 (MSK+2 Edit this on Wikidata[7])
ISO 3166 codeRU-ORE
License plates56
Official languagesRussian[8]
OKTMO ID53000000
Websitehttp://www.orb.ru/
The House of the Soviets (oblast administrative centre)

Contents

GeographyEdit

The most important river of the oblast is the Ural.

Orenburg is traversed by the northeasterly line of equal latitude and longitude.

Administrative divisionsEdit

DemographicsEdit

Population: 2,033,072 (2010 Census);[5] 2,179,551 (2002 Census);[9] 2,174,459 (1989 Census).[10]

SettlementsEdit

Vital statistics for 2012
  • Births: 29 736 (14.7 per 1000)
  • Deaths: 28 225 (13.9 per 1000) [11]
  • Total fertility rate:[12] 2009 - 1.76 | 2010 - 1.80 | 2011 - 1.80 | 2012 - 1.95 | 2013 - 2.00 | 2014 - 2.03 | 2015 - 2.01 | 2016 - 1.95(e)

According to the 2010 Census, the ethnic composition of the oblast was as follows:[5]

ReligionEdit

Religion in Orenburg Oblast as of 2012 (Sreda Arena Atlas)[14][15]
Russian Orthodoxy
40.2%
Other Orthodox
1.7%
Other Christians
3.6%
Islam
13.8%
Rodnovery and other native faiths
3%
Spiritual but not religious
20%
Atheism and irreligion
12.4%
Other and undeclared
5.3%

As of a 2012 survey[14] 40.2% of the population of Orenburg Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 3% declare themselves to be generic nondenominational Christians (excluding the Protestant definition), 2% are Orthodox Christian believers who do not belong to any church or belong to non-Russian Orthodox churches. Muslims constitute 13% of the population. 3% of the population are followers of the Slavic native faith (Rodnovery), 6.8% are followers of other religions or did not give an answer to the survey. In addition, 20% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious" and 12% to be atheist.[14]

EconomyEdit

Orenburg Oblast is one of the major agricultural areas of Russia. Its climate is favorable to farming with a humid spring, dry summer and a large number of sunny days, which make perfect conditions for cultivating hard wheat and rye, sunflowers, potatoes, peas, beans, corn, and gourds.

The range of the oblast's export commodities includes: oil and oil products, gas and gas produced products, rolled ferrous and non-ferrous metals, nickel, asbestos, chromium compounds, rough copper, electric engines, radiators, products of machine-building industry.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. ^ Official website of Orenburg Oblast. Governor of Orenburg Oblast ‹See Tfd›(in Russian)
  4. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
  5. ^ a b c d Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  6. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  7. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  8. ^ Official throughout the Russian Federation according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (21 May 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  10. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  11. ^ "Естественное движение населения в разрезе субъектов Российской Федерации". www.gks.ru. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  12. ^ "Каталог публикаций::Федеральная служба государственной статистики". www.gks.ru. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  13. ^ "ВПН-2010". www.perepis-2010.ru. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  14. ^ a b c "Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia". Sreda, 2012.
  15. ^ 2012 Arena Atlas Religion Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 21/04/2017. Archived.