Vâlcea County

Vâlcea County (also spelt Vîlcea; Romanian pronunciation: [ˈvɨlt͡ʃe̯a]) is a county (județ) of Romania. Located in the historical regions of Oltenia and Muntenia (which are separated by the Olt River), it is also part of the wider Wallachia region. Its capital city is Râmnicu Vâlcea.

Vâlcea County
Județul Vâlcea
Coat of arms of Vâlcea County
Administrative map of Romania with Vâlcea county highlighted
Coordinates: 45°05′N 24°07′E / 45.08°N 24.11°E / 45.08; 24.11Coordinates: 45°05′N 24°07′E / 45.08°N 24.11°E / 45.08; 24.11
CountryRomania
Development regionSud-Vest
Historical regionMuntenia, Oltenia
CapitalRâmnicu Vâlcea
Area
 • Total5,765 km2 (2,226 sq mi)
Area rank20th
Population
 (2011)
 • Total355,320
 • Rank26th
 • Density62/km2 (160/sq mi)
Telephone code(+40) 250 or (+40) 350[1]
ISO 3166 codeRO-VL
GDP (nominal)US$ 2.436 billion (2015)
GDP per capitaUS$ 6,855 (2015)
WebsiteCounty Council
Prefecture

DemographicsEdit

In 2011, it had a population of 355,320 and the population density was 61.63/km2.

Year County population[3]
1948 341,590
1956   362,356
1966   368,779
1977   414,241
1992   436,298
2002   413,247
2011   355,320

GeographyEdit

This county has a total area of 5,765 km2 (2,226 sq mi).

The North side of the county is occupied by the mountains from the Southern Carpathians group - The Făgăraș Mountains in the east with heights over 2,200 m (7,200 ft), and the Lotru Mountains in the west with heights over 2,000 m (6,600 ft). They are separated by the Olt River valley - the most accessible passage between Transylvania and Muntenia. Along the Olt River Valley there are smaller groups of mountains, the most spectacular being the Cozia Mountains [ro].

Towards the South, the heights decrease, passing through the sub-carpathian hills to a high plain in the West side of the Romanian Plain.

The main river is the Olt River crossing the county from North to South. Its main affluents are the Lotru River in the North and the Olteț River in the South.

NeighboursEdit

EconomyEdit

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Chemical industry.
  • Food and beverage industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Mechanical components industry.
  • Construction materials.
  • Wood and furniture industry.

In the West of the county coal and salt are extracted.

The area in the center of the county is well suited for fruit orchards, wines and raising cattle. The South is better suited for growing cereals and vegetables.

TourismEdit

The main tourist destinations are:

PoliticsEdit

The Vâlcea County Council, renewed at the 2020 Romanian local elections, consists of 32 counsellors, with the following party composition:[4]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  Social Democratic Party (PSD) 16                            
  National Liberal Party (PNL) 13                            
  Ecologist Party of Romania (PER) 3                            

Administrative divisionsEdit

Vâlcea County has two municipalities, nine towns and 78 communes

Historical countyEdit

Județul Vâlcea
County (Județ)
 
The building of the Vâlcea County court from the interwar period, now the Râmnicu Vâlcea court.
 
 
Country  Romania
Historic regionOltenia
Capital city (Reședință de județ)Râmnicu Vâlcea
Area
 • Total4,081 km2 (1,576 sq mi)
Population
 (1930)
 • Total246,659
 • Density60/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Historically, the county was located in the southwestern part of Greater Romania, in the northeast part of the historical region of Oltenia. Its capital was Râmnicu Vâlcea. The interwar county territory comprised a large part of the current Vâlcea County; however the territories situated to the east of the Olt River in the current county were not part of the historical county.

The county was bordered to the north by Sibiu County, to the east by the counties of Argeș and Olt, to the south by Romanați County, and to the west by the counties of Dolj and Gorj.

AdministrationEdit

 
Map of Vâlcea County as constituted in 1938.

The county was in 1930 divided into five administrative districts (plăṣi):[5]

  1. Plasa Cerna, headquartered at Lădești
  2. Plasa Cozia, headquartered at Călimănești
  3. Plasa Drăgășani, headquartered at Drăgășani
  4. Plasa Horezu, headquartered at Horezu
  5. Plasa Zătreni, headquartered at Zătreni

By 1938, there were six districts, four previous and two new ones resulting from the reorganisation of the southwest part of the county:[6]

  1. Plasa Cerna, headquartered at Lădești
  2. Plasa Cozia, headquartered at Călimănești
  3. Plasa Drăgășani, headquartered at Drăgășani
  4. Plasa Horezu, headquartered at Horezu
  5. Plasa Bălcești, headquartered at Bălcești
  6. Plasa Oltețu, headquartered at Oltețu

PopulationEdit

According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 246,713 inhabitants, ethnically divided as follows: 97.4% Romanians, 1.6% Romanies, 0.2% Germans, 0.2% Hungarians, 0.2% Jews, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the population was 99.0% Eastern Orthodox, 0.4% Roman Catholic, 0.2% Jewish, as well as other minorities.

Urban populationEdit

In 1930, the county's urban population was 31,909 inhabitants, comprising 94.8% Romanians, 1.3% Romanies, 1.0% Germans, 0.8% Jews, 0.7% Hungarians, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 96.4% Eastern Orthodox, 1.4% Roman Catholic, 0.8% Jewish, 0.7% Lutheran, 0.3% Greek Catholic, as well as other minorities.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie" Archived 2009-08-16 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, [1]
  4. ^ "Rezultatele finale ale alegerilor locale din 2020" (Json). Autoritatea Electorală Permanentă. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
  5. ^ Edu, Aspera Pro. "JUDEŢUL VÂLCEA". romaniainterbelica.memoria.ro.
  6. ^ "Judeţul Vâlcea în perioada 1920 - 1940". www.istorielocala.ro.

External linksEdit