The Făgăraș Mountains (Romanian: Munții Făgărașului [ˈmuntsij fəɡəˈraʃuluj]; Hungarian: Fogarasi-havasok) are the highest mountains of the Southern Carpathians, in Romania.

Făgăraș Mountains
Romanian: Munții Făgăraș
Hungarian: Fogaras hegység
Relief map - Tourist Map
Highest point
Elevation2,544 m (8,346 ft)
Parent rangeCarpathians
OrogenyAlpine orogeny
Age of rockMostly Triassic
Făgăraș Ridge

Geography edit

The mountain range is situated in the heart of Romania, at 45°35′N 24°45′E / 45.583°N 24.750°E / 45.583; 24.750.

The range is bordered in the north by the Făgăraș Depression, through which the Olt River flows, and in the west by the Olt Valley (Valea Oltului). Despite its name, Făgăraș, located 20 km (12 mi) to the north, is not the nearest town to the mountain range, which has no major settlements. Other important surrounding cities are Brașov and Sibiu.[1]

Glacier lakes include Bâlea (2,034 m, 46,508 m2, 11.35 m deep), the largest. The highest lake is in the Hărtopul Leaotei glacial valley. The deepest glacial lake is Podragu (2,140 m, 28,550 m2; 15.5 m deep). Other lakes are Urlea (2,170 m, 20,150 m2) and Capra (2,230 m, 18,340 m2).

The highest peaks are:

Access and tourism edit

Panoramic view from Sibiu

The most used access point to the mountains is the Transfăgărășan road. The Transfăgărășan runs across the Făgăraș range. It is generally open only between June and September, due to unfavorable weather conditions for the rest of the year.

The Făgăraș Mountains are a very popular hiking, trekking and skiing destination in Romania. Most people wanting to hike on the Moldoveanu leave from the town of Victoria, or, in other areas of the Făgăraș Mountains, from Arpașu de Jos, Porumbacu de Jos, and Avrig. In the vicinity of the Negoiu, and in the central part of the band take the rocky nature of the mountains, and reaching the main ridge trail there are technical difficulties and exposure. Somewhat difficult part of the trail is a "Three steps from the death" running the main ridge by ridge Custura Arpașului the lake (in Romanian Lacul) Capra (2,230 m). Also a bit challenging is one of the ways to Negoiu – Strunga Dracului. The most difficult section of the ridge Custura Sărății between Șerbota [ro] (2331 m above sea level) and Șaua Cleopatrei pass (2,355 m). At the root of the fire is under Șerbota several meters of steel cable handrail, on the other part there are no artificial enhancements.

Conflicts edit

A decision to designate the mountains as a national park occurred in 2016, and has proven controversial with local people seeking to protect access to timber and forest products. In reality, the range has complex land tenure arrangements, so only a portion could be so designated initially, aided by private investment. There are also plans to develop a ski resort, opposed by conservationists but supported by many residents of the surrounding towns, who seek better livelihood and economic opportunities.[2][3]

Image gallery edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ Vorhees, M. (2009). Eastern Europe. Lonely Planet. p. 705. ISBN 9781741048544. Retrieved 2015-02-26.
  2. ^ Marica, Irina (September 15, 2016). "Romania's Government wants to turn the Fagaras Mountains into a "European Yellowstone"". Retrieved December 21, 2021.
  3. ^ Marie Louise Aastrup. 2020. Conservation narratives and conflicts over protected areas in post-socialist Romania. Journal of Political Ecology 27.

External links edit