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Vrancea (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈvrant͡ʃe̯a]) is a county (județ) in Romania, with its seat at Focșani. It is mostly in the historical region of Moldavia but the southern part, below the Milcov River, is in Muntenia.

Vrancea County

Județul Vrancea
Coat of arms of Vrancea County
Coat of arms
Administrative map of Romania with Vrancea county highlighted
Coordinates: 45°47′N 26°58′E / 45.79°N 26.97°E / 45.79; 26.97Coordinates: 45°47′N 26°58′E / 45.79°N 26.97°E / 45.79; 26.97
CountryRomania
Development regionSud-Est
Historical regionMoldavia, Muntenia
CapitalFocșani
Area
 • Total4,857 km2 (1,875 sq mi)
Area rank31st
Population
 (2011)
 • Total340,310
 • Rank31st
 • Density70/km2 (180/sq mi)
Telephone code(+40) 237 or (+40) 337[1]
ISO 3166 codeRO-VN
GDP (nominal)US$ 1.82 billion (2015)
GDP/capitaUS$ 5,352 (2015)
WebsiteCounty Council
Prefecture

Contents

DemographicsEdit

In 2011, it had a population of 340,310 and a population density of 70/km².

Year County population[3]
1948 290,183
1956   326,532
1966   351,292
1977   369,740
1992   392,651
2002   387,632
2011   340,310

GeographyEdit

 
Hills near the Milcov River, which divides Moldavia from Muntenia.

Vrancea County's area is of 4,857 km².

A curvedly shaped mountainous area, known in Romanian as Carpații de Curbură, lies in the western part of the county, at the Southern end of Eastern Carpathians, with heights over 1400 m. To the East, the heights decrease into hilly areas and the lower valley of Siret River.

The main tributary of the Siret River, which crosses the county, is the Putna.

The area is a seismically active one, with yearly earthquakes whose focal depths are between 80 and 160 km and therefore affect wide regions. The most notable is the 1977 Vrancea earthquake, which killed over 1500 people in Romania and Bulgaria.

NeighboursEdit

EconomyEdit

 
Vineyards near Focşani, the seat of Vrancea County.

The county is famous for its wines, being the biggest wine producer in Romania. Over 11% of the county surface is covered with vines. The county's best known wine regions are Panciu - 8100 ha, Odobești - 7000 ha, and Cotești.

County's main industries:

  • Foods and beverages;
  • Textiles;
  • Paper manufacturing and furniture making;
  • Mechanical parts and components.
  • Cookware and bakeware production

TourismEdit

 
The Suvorov monument near Focșani

County's main destinations:

PoliticsEdit

The Vrancea County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 33 counselors, with the following party composition:[4]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  Social Democratic Party 18                                    
  National Liberal Party 13                                    
  Alliance of Liberals and Democrats 2                                    

Administrative divisionsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie" Archived 2009-08-16 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002"
  4. ^ "Mandate de CJ pe judete si competitori" (in Romanian). Biroul Electoral Central. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.

External linksEdit