Vrancea County

Vrancea (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈvrant͡ʃe̯a]) is a county (județ) in Romania, with its seat at Focșani. It is mostly in the historical region of Moldavia but the southern part, below the Milcov River, is in Muntenia.

Vrancea County
Județul Vrancea
Coat of arms of Vrancea County
Administrative map of Romania with Vrancea county highlighted
Coordinates: 45°47′N 26°58′E / 45.79°N 26.97°E / 45.79; 26.97Coordinates: 45°47′N 26°58′E / 45.79°N 26.97°E / 45.79; 26.97
CountryRomania
Development regionSud-Est
Historical regionMoldavia, Muntenia
CapitalFocșani
Government
 • PrefectCătălin-Dumitru Toma (PNL)
Area
 • Total4,857 km2 (1,875 sq mi)
Area rank31st
Population
 (2011)
 • Total340,310
 • Rank31st
 • Density70/km2 (180/sq mi)
Telephone code(+40) 237 or (+40) 337[1]
ISO 3166 codeRO-VN
GDP (nominal)US$ 1.82 billion (2015)
GDP per capitaUS$ 5,352 (2015)
WebsiteCounty Council
Prefecture

DemographicsEdit

In 2011, it had a population of 340,310 and a population density of 70/km2.

Year County population[3]
1948 290,183
1956   326,532
1966   351,292
1977   369,740
1992   392,651
2002   387,632
2011   340,310

GeographyEdit

 
Hills near the Milcov River, which divides Moldavia from Muntenia.

Vrancea County's area is of 4,857 km2.

A curvedly shaped mountainous area, known in Romanian as Carpații de Curbură, lies in the western part of the county, at the Southern end of Eastern Carpathians, with heights over 1400 m. To the East, the heights decrease into hilly areas and the lower valley of Siret River.

The main tributary of the Siret River, which crosses the county, is the Putna.

The area is a seismically active one, with yearly earthquakes whose focal depths are between 80 and 160 km and therefore affect wide regions. The most notable is the 1977 Vrancea earthquake, which killed over 1500 people in Romania and Bulgaria.

NeighboursEdit

EconomyEdit

 
Vineyards near Focşani, the seat of Vrancea County.

The county is famous for its wines, being the biggest wine producer in Romania. Over 11% of the county surface is covered with vines. The county's best known wine regions are Panciu - 8100 ha, Odobești - 7000 ha, and Cotești.

In addition, the county's main industries are the following:

  • Foods and beverages;
  • Textiles;
  • Paper manufacturing and furniture making;
  • Mechanical parts and components;
  • Cookware and bakeware production.

TourismEdit

 
The Suvorov monument near Focșani

County's main destinations:

PoliticsEdit

The Vrancea County Council, renewed at the 2020 local elections, consists of 32 counsellors, with the following party composition:[4]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  PNL-USR PLUS Alliance 15                              
  Social Democratic Party (PSD) 15                              
  Alliance of Liberals and Democrats (ALDE) 2                              

Administrative divisionsEdit

 
Monument to victims of World War I in Adjud

Vrancea County has 2 municipalities, 3 towns and 68 communes

 
The current day borders of the Vrancea County, imposed on the Romanian counties of 1930

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie" Archived 2009-08-16 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002"
  4. ^ "Final results of the 2020 Romanian local elections" (Json) (in Romanian). Autoritatea Electorală Permanentă. Retrieved 2020-11-02.

External linksEdit