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Historical regions of Romania

Wallachia, Transylvania and Moldavia in personal union in 1600, under the rule of Michael the Brave
Historic regions part of Greater Romania (1918-1940)

The historical regions of Romania are located in Southeastern Europe.[1] Romania came into being through the unification of two principalities, Wallachia and Moldavia in 1862.[2] The new unitary state extended over further regions at various times during the late 19th and 20th centuries, including Dobruja in 1878, and Transylvania in 1918.[3]

That are part of Romania today:

Coat of arms of Wallachia.svg Wallachia:

  • Muntenia (Greater Wallachia): part of Wallachia (which united with Moldavia in 1859 to create modern Romania);
  • Oltenia (Lesser Wallachia): the territory between the rivers Danube and Olt and the Southern Carpathian became part of the Principality of Wallachia in the early 14th century.[4]

Coat of arms of Moldavia.svg Moldavia:

Stema Dobrogei.png Dobruja:

  • Northern Dobruja: in Romania since 1878 (excepting some Danubian islands and the Snake Island which were incorporated in the USSR in 1948, and became part of Ukraine since 1991);

Wallachia, western Moldavia, and Dobruja are sometimes referred collectively as the Regat (The Kingdom), as they formed the Romanian "Old" Kingdom before World War I.

Coat of arms of Transylvania.svg Transylvania (the term sometimes encompasses not only Transylvania proper, but also the historical regions of Crișana, Maramureș, and Romanian part of Banat. The final border arrangement were set by the Treaty of Trianon in 1920):

Transylvania is divided into several ethnographic regions.

That were part of Romania in the past:

  • Bessarabia: The region was part of Romania from 1918 to 1940 when it got occupied by the Soviets. Romania managed to annex it again, but lost it after World War 2.[7]
  • Northern Bukovina: The region was part of Romania from 1918 to 1940 when it got occupied by the Soviets. Romania managed to annex it again, but lost it after World War 2.[8]
  • Hertza region: Was part of Romania from 1859 to 1940. Romania managed to annex it again, but lost it after the Second World War.[9]
  • Southern Dobruja: Was annexed from Bulgaria in 1913, after the Second Balkan War. It became Bulgarian again after 1940.[10]
  • Transnistria Governorate: It was part of Romania from 1941 to 1944.[11]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

SourcesEdit

  • Treptow, Kurt W.; Popa, Marcel (1996). Historical Dictionary of Romania. Scarecrow Press, Inc. ISBN 0-8108-3179-1.