Historical regions of Romania
The historical regions of Romania are located in Southeastern Europe. Romania came into being through the unification of two principalities, Wallachia and Moldavia in 1862. The new unitary state extended over further regions at various times during the late 19th and 20th centuries, including Dobruja in 1878, and Transylvania in 1918.
These regions are part of Romania today:
- Muntenia (Greater Wallachia): part of Wallachia (which united with Moldavia in 1859 to create modern Romania);
- Oltenia (Lesser Wallachia): the territory between the rivers Danube and Olt and the Southern Carpathian became part of the Principality of Wallachia in the early 14th century.
- Western Moldavia: part of Moldavia (which united with Wallachia in 1859 to create modern Romania);
- Bukovina: in Romania between 1918 and World War II, today divided between Romania and Ukraine;
- Northern Dobruja: in Romania since 1878 (excepting some Danubian islands and the Snake Island which were incorporated in the USSR in 1948, and became part of Ukraine since 1991);
Transylvania (the term sometimes encompasses not only Transylvania proper, but also the historical regions of Crișana, Maramureș, and Romanian part of Banat. The final border arrangement were set by the Treaty of Trianon in 1920):
- Transylvania proper: following the declaration of the union with Romania in 1918;
- Banat: since 1918 divided between Romania, Serbia and Hungary;
- Crișana: the region bordered by the rivers Mureș and Someș and the Apuseni Mountains became part of Romania in 1918.
- Maramureș: the mountainous northwestern region became part of Romania in 1918.
Transylvania is divided into several ethnographic regions.
These regions were part of Romania in the past:
- Bessarabia: The region was part of Romania from 1918 to 1940 when it got occupied by the Soviets. Romania managed to annex it again, but lost it after World War II.
- Northern Bukovina: The region was part of Romania from 1918 to 1940 when it got occupied by the Soviets. Romania managed to annex it again, but lost it after World War II.
- Hertza region: Was part of Romania from 1859 to 1940. Romania managed to annex it again, but lost it after the World War II.
- Southern Dobruja: Was annexed from Bulgaria in 1913, after the Second Balkan War. It became Bulgarian again after 1940.
- Transnistria Governorate: It was part of Romania from 1941 to 1944.
- History of Romania
- Michael the Brave
- Treaty of Bucharest (1916)
- Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact
- Development regions of Romania
- Counties of Romania
- Movement for the unification of Romania and Moldova
- Hertza region
- Southern Dobruja
- Transnistria Governorate
- Romanians in Bulgaria
- Romanians in Hungary
- Romanians in Serbia
- Romanians in Ukraine
- Treptow & Popa 1996, p. 1, Map 2.
- Treptow & Popa 1996, p. 13.
- Treptow & Popa 1996, pp. 14-15.
- Treptow & Popa 1996, p. 151.
- Treptow & Popa 1996, pp. 80-81.
- Treptow & Popa 1996, pp. 125-126.