People's Movement Party

The People's Movement Party (Romanian: Partidul Mișcarea Populară, PMP) is a centre-right[14] Christian democratic,[2] national-conservative[7][8][16][3][4][5] political party in Romania.

People's Movement Party
Partidul Mișcarea Populară
PresidentCristian Diaconescu
Secretary-GeneralCornel Cătălin Bulf
SpokesmanMihail Neamțu
Honorary PresidentTraian Băsescu
FounderTraian Băsescu
Founded29 January 2014 (2014-01-29)
Split fromDemocratic Liberal Party (PDL)
HeadquartersStrada Iorga nr. 11, Sector 1, Bucharest
Youth wingPeople's Movement Youth Organization (OT MP)
Women's wingMP Women's Organization
MembershipUndisclosed[1]
Ideology
Political positionCentre-right[14]
European affiliationEuropean People's Party
International affiliationCentrist Democrat International
European Parliament groupEuropean People's Party
Associated organisationsNational Unity Party (Moldova)[15]
Colors  Green
  Blue
Senate
0 / 136
Chamber of Deputies
0 / 330
European Parliament
2 / 33
Mayors
48 / 3,176
County Councilors
65 / 1,340
Local Council Councilors
2,150 / 39,900
Website
pmponline.ro Edit this at Wikidata

HistoryEdit

The PMP was created as a political foundation in March, 2013 by supporters of then incumbent state president Traian Băsescu, following his break with the leadership of the Democratic Liberal Party (PDL) around former Senate president Vasile Blaga.[17] It was transformed into a political party in July, 2013[18] and re-launched on 29 January 2014.[19]

The PMP identifies itself as Christian democratic and liberal.[18] The new party's chairman after June 2014 was former minister of regional development and tourism and Băsescu's confidante Elena Udrea. Other notable members include former culture minister Theodor Paleologu, former foreign minister Teodor Baconschi, former minister of education Daniel Funeriu, member of European Parliament (MEP) Cristian Preda,[20] Băsescu's daughter and MEP Elena Băsescu.[21] and former Foreign Minister and head of the presidential administration Cristian Diaconescu.[22]

In the 2014 European election, the party won 6.2% of the votes and two of Romania's 32 seats. Its members of the European Parliament Siegfried Mureșan and Cristian Preda joined the European People's Party Group (EPP), although Preda has since been expelled from the party. On 12 September 2014, the PMP was admitted as a full member to the European People's Party.[23]

For the November 2014 presidential election, the PMP nominated Elena Udrea. She was also endorsed by the Christian Democratic National Peasants' Party (PNȚCD). With 5.2% of the popular vote, she was placed fourth and did not qualify for the second round. The party asked its voters to support Klaus Iohannis of the National Liberal Party (PNL) in the runoff election.[24]

On 12 July 2016, Traian Băsescu announced that the National Union for the Progress of Romania (UNPR) would merge with PMP on 20 July 2016.[25] Subsequently, the union between the two parties failed and PMP lost several representatives both in the Senate and in the Chamber of Deputies.

In the 2020 legislative election, due to poor presence at the polling stations (33.30%) caused by the coronavirus pandemic, the party failed to earn 5% of the public vote and thereby failed to enter parliament. The episode was controversial to say at least as the party was very close to the threshold and had zero votes in several polling stations in which they had party representatives whose votes were nowhere to be found. As a result, the party contested the results and demanded recounting the votes in as many as 1,090 polling stations. Nonetheless, this demand was ultimately refused by the Central Electoral Bureau (Romanian: Biroul Electoral Central, BEC). This failure led the party president, Eugen Tomac, to resign from the party's leadership.[26]

After a party congress held on 7 March 2021, Cristian Diaconescu was elected the new president and designated the party's candidate for the forthcoming 2024 Romanian presidential election.[27]

IdeologyEdit

In the later years, the party became more traditionalist. Nowadays, it opposes the immigration of foreigners into EU (especially of Muslims), Marxism, socialism, globalisation and same-sex marriage.[28][8][4][5][29][30][31]

LeadershipEdit

  Also served as President of Romania
Name
Born - Died
Portrait Term start Term end Duration
Eugen Tomac
(Acting)
(1981–)
  23 June 2013 8 June 2014 11 months and 16 days
1 Elena Udrea
(1973–)
  8 June 2014 30 January 2015 7 months and 22 days
Eugen Tomac
(Acting)
(1981–)
  30 January 2015 8 February 2015 9 days
2 Eugen Tomac
(1981–)
  8 February 2015 27 March 2016 1 year, 1 month and 19 days
3 Traian Băsescu
(1951–)
  27 March 2016 16 June 2018 2 years, 2 months and 20 days
(2) Eugen Tomac
(1981–)
  16 June 2018 9 December 2020 2 years, 5 months and 23 days
Emil-Marius Pașcan [ro]
(Acting)
(1971–)
9 December 2020 7 March 2021 9 months and 7 days
4 Cristian Diaconescu
(1959–)
  7 March 2021 Incumbent 6 months and 9 days

Notable membersEdit

Current notable membersEdit

Former notable membersEdit

Electoral historyEdit

Legislative electionsEdit

Election Chamber Senate Position Aftermath
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
2012 did not exist1
16 / 412
did not exist
0 / 176
Extra-parliamentary opposition to USL government (2013–2014)
Opposition to PSD-UNPR-UDMR-PC government (2014)
Opposition to PSD-UNPR-ALDE government (2014–2015)
Supporting the technocratic Cioloș Cabinet (2015–2017)
2016 376,891 5.35
18 / 329
398,791 5.65
8 / 136
 6th  Opposition to PSD-ALDE government (2017–2019)
Opposition to PSD minority government (2019)
Supporting PNL minority government (2019–2020)
2020 284,501 4.82
0 / 330
291,484 4.93
0 / 136
 6th  Extra-parliamentary support for PNL-USR PLUS-UDMR government (2020–present)

Notes:

1 These MPs were previously elected on the PDL list of the larger ARD electoral alliance at the 2012 legislative election.

Local electionsEdit

National resultsEdit

Election County Councilors (CJ) Mayors Local Councilors (CL) Popular vote % Position
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
2016 368,985 4.46
41 / 1,434
304,924 3.57
18 / 3,186
360,035 4.30
1,315 / 40,067
368,985 4.46  5th 
2020 423,147 5.88
67 / 1,340
353,005 4.73
50 / 3,176
420,791 5.72
2,150 / 39,900
473,637 6.04  4th 

Mayor of BucharestEdit

Election Candidate First round
Votes Percentage Position
2016 Robert Turcescu 37,098
6.46%
 4th 
2020 Traian Băsescu 72,556
10.99%
 3rd 

Presidential electionsEdit

Election Candidate First round Second round
Votes Percentage Position Votes Percentage Position
2014 Elena Udrea1 493,376
5.20%
 4th  not qualified
2019 Theodor Paleologu 527,098
5.72%
 5th  not qualified

Notes:

1 Elena Udrea's candidacy to presidency in 2014 was also supported by the Christian Democratic National Peasants' Party (PNȚCD).

European electionsEdit

Election Votes Percentage MEPs Position EU Party EP Group
2014 345,973 6.2%  
2 / 32
 6th  EPP Group
2019 522,104 5.7%  
2 / 32
 5th  EPP EPP Group

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Cati membri au partidele din Romania. Ce partid a pierdut din adepti". 10 September 2014. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  2. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram (2020). "Romania". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 18 December 2020.
  3. ^ a b c "People's Movement Party (PMP)". The Democratic Society. 19 May 2014. Retrieved 4 August 2016.
  4. ^ a b c "Parlamentarii PMP s-au întâlnit cu membri ai Congresului SUA: Susținem familia tradițională". 26 July 2017.
  5. ^ a b c "Referendumul pentru familie: Cum se poziţionează politicienii faţă de evenimentul din weekend".
  6. ^ "Ghinea, critici la adresa lui Mihail Neamţu: Mă face pe mine sexo-marxist. A luat-o spre un conservatorism bezmetic. Eu l-am apărat când a fost făcut fascist".
  7. ^ a b "Mihail Neamțu, după atentatul de la Londra | Marea moschee comandată de Erdogan în mijlocul Bucureştiului trebuie să fie un proiect mort şi îngropat". 23 March 2017.
  8. ^ a b c "Traian Băsescu: "PMP nu va fi de acord cu transformarea UE într-o uriaşă moschee"".
  9. ^ "VIDEO Traian Băsescu: Sunt un adversar neîmpăcat al transformării Europei într-o moschee / Laicizarea începe să devină o vulnerabilitate - Alegeri Europarlamentare 2019 - HotNews.ro". 21 May 2019.
  10. ^ Dąborowski, Tomasz (11 January 2017). "Prospects for the centre-left government in Romania". Centre for Eastern Studies. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
  11. ^ "Mitingul Mişcării Populare şi dedublarea intelectualilor". www.dw.com (in Romanian). March 17, 2014.
  12. ^ "Europa, atlantism, românii din străinătate".
  13. ^ Gherasim, Cristian (9 April 2019). "A former priest, a tennis no1 and an ex-national football coach: Romania's EU election candidates". Euronews..
  14. ^ a b Radu Cinpoes (2015). "Political Culture and Participation: Between Enthusiasm and Indifference?". In Lavinia Stan; Diane Vancea (eds.). Post-Communist Romania at Twenty-Five: Linking Past, Present, and Future. Lexington Books. p. 113. ISBN 978-1-4985-0110-1.
  15. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QbM-QW7M3vY
  16. ^ "VIDEO Traian Băsescu: Sunt un adversar neîmpăcat al transformării Europei într-o moschee / Laicizarea începe să devină o vulnerabilitate - Alegeri Europarlamentare 2019 - HotNews.ro". 21 May 2019.
  17. ^ Daniela Baragan (8 April 2013), Basescu ever closer to the People's Movement, PDL takes distance from him, NineO'Clock.ro, archived from the original on 9 April 2013
  18. ^ a b Popular Movement Party (PMP) officially registered, ActMedia.eu, 24 July 2013
  19. ^ Alina Grigoras (29 January 2014), People's Movement Party aims re-launching, NineO'Clock.ro
  20. ^ Alina Grigoras (9 February 2014), Băsescu starts electoral offensive through Popular Movement, NineO'Clock.ro
  21. ^ Elena Băsescu s-a înscris în PMP, dar NU va candida la europarlamentare. Cum s-a încurcat EBA la "testul electoral", Gândul.info, 24 March 2014
  22. ^ Cristian Diaconescu joins PMP, NineOclock.Ro, 20 May 2014
  23. ^ "EPP concerned over actions of radical Islamic militant groups and over latest political developments in Romania; welcomes five new member parties". European People's Party. 12 September 2014. Archived from the original on 13 April 2015.
  24. ^ "Udrea ultim îndemn către electoratul PMP pentru a vota cu Iohannis". PaginadePolitică.ro. 15 November 2014.
  25. ^ "UNPR fuzionează prin absorbţie cu PMP/ Băsescu: Gabriel Oprea rămâne doar cu onoarea, partidul nu mai e după fuziune. Partidul se va numi Partidul Mişcarea Populară" (in Romanian). Mediafax. 12 July 2016. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
  26. ^ "Răsturnare de situație după alegeri: Băsescu a dat lovitua maximă; e șoc total în Romania: se fac toate calculele". Capital (in Romanian). Retrieved 7 March 2021.
  27. ^ "Cristian Diaconescu, ales președinte al PMP și desemnat candidat al partidului la prezidențialele din 2024" (in Romanian). Digi24. 7 March 2021.
  28. ^ "Băsescu vorbește de "expulzarea în masă" a migranților: "PMP nu va fi de acord cu transformarea UE într-o uriaşă moschee"".
  29. ^ "S-a răsuflat Globalizarea?... La o seară literală cu Traian Băsescu". 7 January 2021.
  30. ^ "Basescu: Cea mai buna solutie de a face fata globalizarii este a fi membru UE".
  31. ^ "Traian Băsescu, în faţa "greilor" Europei | DW | 18.10.2010".

External linksEdit