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Alliance of Liberals and Democrats (Romania)

The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats (Romanian: Alianța Liberalilor și Democraților, ALDE) is a liberal[1] political party in Romania.

Alliance of Liberals and Democrats

Alianța Liberalilor și Democraților
PresidentCălin Popescu-Tăriceanu
Executive PresidentsDaniel Barbu
Vasile Nistor
First Vice PresidentSteluţa Cătăniciu
Founded19 June 2015
Merger ofPLR and PC
IdeologyLiberalism[1]
Conservative liberalism[2]
Social liberalism[3]
Political positionCentre[4][5] to centre-right[6][7][8]
Regional affiliationLiberal South East European Network
International affiliationLiberal International (observer)
Colours     Blue
     Gold
Seats in the Senate
7 / 136
Seats in the Chamber of Deputies
15 / 329
Seats in the European Parliament
0 / 32
[9]
Mayors
64 / 3,186
[10]
County Councilors
80 / 1,434
[10]
Local County Councilors
2,504 / 40,067
[10]
Website
alde.ro

HistoryEdit

The party was founded on 19 June 2015 from a merger of the Liberal Reformist Party (PLR) and Conservative Party (PC).[11][12] On 19 November 2015 the party was admitted into the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe.[13]

In the 2016 legislative election on 11 December 2016, ALDE received 5.6% of the vote and 20 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, and 6.0% of the vote and 6 seats in the Senate.

On 19 December 2016, party co-presidents Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu and Daniel Constantin signed an accord with Social Democratic Party (PSD) leader Liviu Dragnea to form a new coalition government with ALDE as the junior partner.[14]

On 30 May 2019 the party withdrew from the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe.[15] The relation between ALDE Romania and ALDE Europe were strained after the ALDE-supported government coalition had passed laws that were deemed by the Venice Commission and ALDE Europe to undermine the independence of the judiciary.[16] The leader of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe, Guy Verhofstadt, had participated previously at a rally of the oppositional USR-PLUS.[17]

ALDE Romania withdrew from their coalition with the Social Democratic Party on 26 August 2019 and moved to opposition.[18]

Electoral performanceEdit

Legislative electionsEdit

Election Votes Percentage Chamber Senate Position Resulting government
2016 396,386 5.62%
20 / 329
9 / 136
5th PSD-ALDE (until August 2019)
PSD minority government
supporting a PNL minority government

European Parliament electionsEdit

Election Votes Percentage Seats
2019 372,760 4.11%
0 / 33

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram (2016). "Romania". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
  2. ^ Plath, Jörg (2018). ""Unsere Utopie ist Normalität"". Deutschlandfunk. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  3. ^ "Rumänien startet EU-Ratsvorsitz mit neuer Attacke gegen Justizsystem". Die Presse. 2019. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  4. ^ Dąborowski, Tomasz (11 January 2017). "Prospects for the centre-left government in Romania". Centre for Eastern Studies. Ośrodek Studiów Wschodnich. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
  5. ^ "Romanian PM woos ethnic Hungarian party with posts". The Irish Times. 24 December 2004. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
  6. ^ Tidey, Alice (5 December 2018). "Romania's ruling coalition loses parliamentary majority: what it means". Euronews. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  7. ^ "Romania". Europe Elects. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  8. ^ Tenconi, Raffaella (14 February 2019). "Politics – Romania". ADA (Analyse. Debate. Act.). Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  9. ^ "Renate Weber: Mă alătur oficial partidului ALDE România. Este singurul care se fundamenteaza pe valori în care cred şi pe care le împărtăşesc" (in Romanian).
  10. ^ a b c http://www.2016bec.ro/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/SIAL2016_Situatia_mandatelor_partide-2.xlsx
  11. ^ "New political party in Romania". romania-insider.com. 2015-06-22. Archived from the original on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2015-06-26.
  12. ^ "ALDE Party President welcomes establishment of new party in Romania". aldeparty.eu. 2015-06-19. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2017-02-05.
  13. ^ "Liberalisok and ALDE Romania become ALDE Party member parties". aldeparty.eu. 2015-11-19. Archived from the original on 2017-02-22. Retrieved 2017-02-05.
  14. ^ "Romania's PSD and ALDE sign coalition protocol". romania-insider.com. 2016-12-20. Retrieved 2017-02-05.
  15. ^ "ALDE România s-a retras din ALDE Europa" (in Romanian). 30 May 2019. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  16. ^ "Guy Verhofstadt cere excluderea partidului lui Tăriceanu din Alianța Liberal-Democraților Europeni" (in Romanian). 25 April 2019. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  17. ^ "Guy Verhofstadt: Vom crea o nouă mişcare în Europa care va fi surpriza acestor alegeri" (in Romanian). 25 May 2019. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  18. ^ "Romania's Ruling PSD Party Loses Majority After Ally Quits". Voice of America. Retrieved 2019-09-28.

External linksEdit