Alliance of Liberals and Democrats (Romania)

The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats (Romanian: Alianța Liberalilor și Democraților, ALDE) is a liberal[1] political party in Romania.

Alliance of Liberals and Democrats

Alianța Liberalilor și Democraților
PresidentCălin Popescu-Tăriceanu
Executive PresidentsDaniel Barbu
Vasile Nistor
First Vice PresidentSteluţa Cătăniciu
Founded19 June 2015
Merger ofPLR and PC
IdeologyLiberalism[1]
Conservative liberalism[2]
Social liberalism[3]

Soft Euroscepticism[4]
Political positionCentre[5][6] to centre-right[7][8][9]
Regional affiliationLiberal South East European Network
International affiliationLiberal International (Observer)
Colours     Blue
     Gold
Seats in the Senate
7 / 136
Seats in the Chamber of Deputies
0 / 329
Seats in the European Parliament
0 / 32
[10]
Mayors
64 / 3,186
[11]
County Councilors
80 / 1,434
[11]
Local County Councilors
2,504 / 40,067
[11]
Website
alde.ro

HistoryEdit

The party was founded on 19 June 2015 following a merger of the Liberal Reformist Party (PLR) and Conservative Party (PC).[12][13] On 19 November 2015 the party was admitted into the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe.[14]

In the 2016 legislative election on 11 December 2016, ALDE received 5.6% of the vote and 20 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, and 6.0% of the vote and 6 seats in the Senate.

On 19 December 2016, party co-presidents Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu and Daniel Constantin signed an accord with Social Democratic Party (PSD) leader Liviu Dragnea to form a new coalition government with ALDE as the junior partner.[15]

On 30 May 2019 the party withdrew from the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe.[16] The relation between ALDE Romania and ALDE Europe were strained after the ALDE-supported government coalition had passed laws that were deemed by the Venice Commission and ALDE Europe to undermine the independence of the judiciary.[17] The leader of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe, Guy Verhofstadt, had participated previously at a rally of the oppositional USR-PLUS.[18]

ALDE Romania withdrew from their coalition with the Social Democratic Party on 26 August 2019 and moved to opposition.[19]

Electoral historyEdit

Legislative electionsEdit

Election Chamber Senate Position Aftermath
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
2016 396,386 5.62
20 / 329
423,728 6.01
9 / 136
5th PSD-ALDE government (2017–2019)
Opposition to PSD minority government (2019)
Supporting PNL minority government (2019–2020)
Opposition to PNL minority government (2020–present)

Presidential electionsEdit

Election Candidate First round Second round
Votes Percentage Position Votes Percentage Position
2019 Mircea Diaconu1 815,201
8.85%
 4th 

Notes:

1 Mircea Diaconu was the candidate of the "One Man" Alliance; alliance members: Pro Romania and ALDE.

European electionsEdit

Election Votes Percentage MEPs Position EU Party EP Group
2019 372,760 4.11%
0 / 33
 7th  ALDE

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram (2016). "Romania". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
  2. ^ Plath, Jörg (2018). ""Unsere Utopie ist Normalität"". Deutschlandfunk. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  3. ^ "Rumänien startet EU-Ratsvorsitz mit neuer Attacke gegen Justizsystem". Die Presse. 2019. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  4. ^ https://europeelects.eu/european-union/romania/
  5. ^ Dąborowski, Tomasz (11 January 2017). "Prospects for the centre-left government in Romania". Centre for Eastern Studies. Ośrodek Studiów Wschodnich. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
  6. ^ "Romanian PM woos ethnic Hungarian party with posts". The Irish Times. 24 December 2004. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
  7. ^ Tidey, Alice (5 December 2018). "Romania's ruling coalition loses parliamentary majority: what it means". Euronews. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  8. ^ "Romania". Europe Elects. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  9. ^ Tenconi, Raffaella (14 February 2019). "Politics – Romania". ADA (Analyse. Debate. Act.). Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  10. ^ "Renate Weber: Mă alătur oficial partidului ALDE România. Este singurul care se fundamenteaza pe valori în care cred şi pe care le împărtăşesc" (in Romanian).
  11. ^ a b c http://www.2016bec.ro/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/SIAL2016_Situatia_mandatelor_partide-2.xlsx
  12. ^ "New political party in Romania". romania-insider.com. 2015-06-22. Archived from the original on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2015-06-26.
  13. ^ "ALDE Party President welcomes establishment of new party in Romania". aldeparty.eu. 2015-06-19. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2017-02-05.
  14. ^ "Liberalisok and ALDE Romania become ALDE Party member parties". aldeparty.eu. 2015-11-19. Archived from the original on 2017-02-22. Retrieved 2017-02-05.
  15. ^ "Romania's PSD and ALDE sign coalition protocol". romania-insider.com. 2016-12-20. Retrieved 2017-02-05.
  16. ^ "ALDE România s-a retras din ALDE Europa" (in Romanian). 30 May 2019. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  17. ^ "Guy Verhofstadt cere excluderea partidului lui Tăriceanu din Alianța Liberal-Democraților Europeni" (in Romanian). 25 April 2019. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  18. ^ "Guy Verhofstadt: Vom crea o nouă mişcare în Europa care va fi surpriza acestor alegeri" (in Romanian). 25 May 2019. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  19. ^ "Romania's Ruling PSD Party Loses Majority After Ally Quits". Voice of America. Retrieved 2019-09-28.

External linksEdit