Valea lui Mihai

Valea lui Mihai (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈvale̯a luj miˈhaj]; Hungarian: Érmihályfalva) is a town in Romania.

Valea lui Mihai
Érmihályfalva
RO BH Valea lui Mihai.jpg
Coat of arms of Valea lui Mihai
Location in Bihor County
Location in Bihor County
Valea lui Mihai is located in Romania
Valea lui Mihai
Valea lui Mihai
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 47°31′12″N 22°7′48″E / 47.52000°N 22.13000°E / 47.52000; 22.13000Coordinates: 47°31′12″N 22°7′48″E / 47.52000°N 22.13000°E / 47.52000; 22.13000
CountryRomania
CountyBihor
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2024) József Nyakó[1] (UDMR)
Area
73.54 km2 (28.39 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[2]
9,902
 • Density130/km2 (350/sq mi)
Time zoneEET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)
Vehicle reg.BH
Websitewww.valealuimihai.ro

GeographyEdit

It is located around 66 km north-east of Oradea, 9 km from the Hungarian border in Bihor County, Crișana, Romania.

HistoryEdit

In 1312, under Charles I, it was allowed new trade privileges and then in 1459 was also allowed tax benefits privileges for its citizens. Later it was part of the Ottoman Empire, which resulted in its depopulation, but the inhabitants subsequently returned. Thereafter, it was part of the Habsburg Monarchy up until the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867. Then it became part of the Kingdom of Hungary within Austria-Hungary.

After the breaking-up of Austria-Hungary in 1918/1920, the town became part of Romania. As a result of the Second Vienna Award it became a part of Hungary between 1940 and 1945. Since then it has been part of Romania. It was declared a town on three separate occasions: in 1844, 1930 and 1989, the last time as a result of the Romanian rural systematization program.

Jewish historyEdit

Jews from Galicia settled around 1780, engaging in agriculture and commerce. A junior high school was opened in 1873. Anschel Bak opened a printing press in the late 19th century. Fifty Hungarian Hasidic rabbis held a convention in the town in 1898.[3]

In 1930, there were 1535 Jews, or 19% of the total. During the interwar period, Jews were the leaders of local industry, employing hundreds of workers. Some Zionist youth groups were founded in the 1930s. In 1935, the town was the site of the HaNoar HaTzioni national convention.[3]

The Jewish population was sent to the Oradea ghetto in May 1944 and subsequently deported to Auschwitz. Some of the survivors returned briefly to the town after the war.[3]

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1930 8,085—    
1992 10,505+29.9%
2002 10,665+1.5%
2011 9,688−9.2%
Source: Census data

According to the last census from 2011 there were 9,668 people living within the city.

Of this population, 81.03% are ethnic Hungarians, while 13.23% are ethnic Romanians and 1.3% others.[4]

Image galleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Results of the 2020 local elections". Central Electoral Bureau. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Populaţia stabilă pe judeţe, municipii, oraşe şi localităti componenete la RPL_2011" (in Romanian). National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  3. ^ a b c Shmuel Spector, Geoffrey Wigoder (eds.), The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust: Seredna-Budna—Z, p. 1372-73. New York University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8147-9378-9
  4. ^ Romanian 2002 Census

External linksEdit