Covurlui County

Covurlui County is one of the historic counties of Moldavia, Romania. The county seat was Galați.[1]

Județul Covurlui
County (Județ)
The Prefecture of Covurlui County Prefect's building from the interwar period.
The Prefecture of Covurlui County Prefect's building from the interwar period.
Coat of arms of Județul Covurlui
Romania 1930 county Covurlui.png
CountryFlag of Romania.svg Romania
Historic regionMoldavia
Capital city (Reședință de județ)Galați
Established1925
Ceased to existAdministrative reform of 1950
Area
 • Total2,662 km2 (1,028 sq mi)
Population
 (1930)
 • Total210,006
 • Density79/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

In 1938, the county was disestablished and incorporated into the newly formed Ținutul Dunării,[2] but it was re-established in 1940 after the fall of Carol II's regime - only to be abolished 10 years later by the Communist regime.[2]

GeographyEdit

Covurlui County covered 2,662 km2[1] and was located in Moldavia. Currently, the territory that comprised Covurlui County is now mostly included in the Galați County, with a small northern part in the Vaslui County. In the interwar period, the county neighbored Tutova County to the north, Cahul and Ismail counties to the east, Tulcea County to the southeast, Brăila County to the south, Râmnicu Sărat County to the southwest, and Tecuci County to the west.[1]

Administrative organizationEdit

 
Map of Covurlui County as constituted in 1938.

Administratively, Covurlui County was originally divided into two districts (plăși):[1]

  1. Plasa Horincea
  2. Plasa Prutul de Jos

Subsequently, three more districts were established, reaching five in total:

  1. Plasa I. G. Duca
  2. Plasa Prutul de Sus
  3. Plasa Siret

PopulationEdit

According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 210,006 inhabitants, ethnically comprising 83.7% Romanians, 9.5% Jews, 1.5% Russians, 1.4% Greeks, 1.1% Hungarians, as well as other minorities.[3] From the religious point of view, the population comprised 87.0% Eastern Orthodox, 8% Jewish, 1.9% Roman Catholic, 0.3% Lutheran, 0.2% Reformed, 0.2% Greek Catholic, as well as other minorities.

Urban populationEdit

In 1930, the county's urban population was 101,611 inhabitants, 68.2% Romanians, 19.1% Jews, 2.9% Russians, 2.9% Greeks, 2.1% Hungarians, 1.2% Germans, 0.5 Armenians, as well as other minorities.[3] From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 73.9% Eastern Orthodox, 19.8% Jewish, 3.9% Roman Catholic, 0.7% Lutheran, 0.5% Reformed, 0.3% Greek-Catholic, as well as other minorities.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Portretul României interbelice - Județul Covurlui" (in Romanian). memoria.ro. Retrieved 17 August 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Organizarea administrativ-teritorială a României 1864-1989" (in Romanian). bzf.ro. 7 May 2013. Archived from the original on 29 September 2014. Retrieved 17 August 2016.
  3. ^ a b Recensământul general al populației României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 150-151

External linksEdit