Beclean (Romanian pronunciation: [beˈkle̯an] (listen); Hungarian and German: Bethlen) is a town in Bistrița-Năsăud County, in north-eastern Transylvania, Romania. The town administers three villages: Coldău (Goldau; Várkudu), Figa (Füge), and Rusu de Jos (Alsóoroszfalu).

Beclean
Reformed church in Beclean
Reformed church in Beclean
Coat of arms of Beclean
Location in Bistrița-Năsăud County
Location in Bistrița-Năsăud County
Beclean is located in Romania
Beclean
Beclean
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 47°10′47″N 24°10′47″E / 47.17972°N 24.17972°E / 47.17972; 24.17972Coordinates: 47°10′47″N 24°10′47″E / 47.17972°N 24.17972°E / 47.17972; 24.17972
CountryRomania
CountyBistrița-Năsăud
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2024) Nicolae Moldovan[1] (PSD)
Area
59.57 km2 (23.00 sq mi)
Elevation
252 m (827 ft)
Population
 (2011)[2]
10,628
 • Density180/km2 (460/sq mi)
Time zoneEET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)
Postal code
425100
Vehicle reg.BN
Websitewww.primariabeclean.ro

GeographyEdit

The town lies on the Transylvanian Plateau, at the confluence of the river Someșul Mare with its affluent, the Șieu. It is located in the western part of the county, at a distance of 30 km (19 mi) from the town of Năsăud and 36 km (22 mi) from the county seat, Bistrița; the city of Dej is 27 km (17 mi) to the west, in Cluj County.[3]

HistoryEdit

 
Bethlen Castle

The town of Beclean is the ancestral seat of the Hungarian Bethlen family.

In 1850 the inhabitants of the town were 1,475, of which 805 Romanians, 327 Hungarians, 163 Jews, 163 Roma, 5 Germans, and 12 of other ethnicities.[4] Beclean had 10,628 inhabitants at the 2011 census; of those, 81.6% were Romanians, 14.2% Hungarians, and 3.7% Roma.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1930 3,334—    
1977 6,957+108.7%
1992 11,606+66.8%
2002 12,033+3.7%
2011 10,628−11.7%
Source: Census data

TransportationEdit

 
Beclean pe Someș train station

Beclean is the site of an important railway junction (the train station is called Beclean pe Someș), where secondary routes to Sighetu Marmației and Suceava diverge from the main Căile Ferate Române railway line 400 from Brașov to Satu Mare.

The town is traversed by two national roads: DN17 [ro] (part of European route E58), which joins Dej in Cluj County to Suceava, and DN17D [ro], which joins Beclean to Cârlibaba in Suceava County. Additionally, county road DJ172A connects it to Gherla in Cluj County, while road DJ172F provides an alternate route to Dej.[3]

EducationEdit

 
Grigore Silași Gymnasium

Beclean is home to four high schools: the Petru Rareș National College,[5] the Henri Coandă Technological High School,[6] the Beclean Agricultural Technological High School,[7] and High School Nr. 1. There is also a middle school, the Grigore Silași Gymnasium.[8]

NativesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Results of the 2020 local elections". Central Electoral Bureau. Retrieved 6 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Populaţia stabilă pe judeţe, municipii, oraşe şi localităti componenete la RPL_2011" (XLS). National Institute of Statistics.
  3. ^ a b "Date generale". primariabeclean.ro (in Romanian). Beclean town hall. Retrieved November 21, 2021.
  4. ^ "ERDÉLY ETNIKAI ÉS FELEKEZETI STATISZTIKÁJA".
  5. ^ "Colegiul Național Petru Rareș – Beclean". petrurares.ro (in Romanian). Retrieved November 21, 2021.
  6. ^ "Liceul Tehnologic "Henri Coandă", Beclean". www.lthc.ro (in Romanian). Retrieved November 21, 2021.
  7. ^ "Liceul Tehnologic Agricol Beclean". www.agricolbeclean.ro (in Romanian). Retrieved November 21, 2021.
  8. ^ "Școala Gimnazială "Grigore Silași" Beclean". www.scoalagrigoresilasi.ro (in Romanian). Retrieved November 21, 2021.

External linksEdit

 
Church in Rusu de Jos