||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (September 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
The Rodna Mountains have one of the longest continuous ridges in Romania, with over 50 km from west to east. The two highest points are Pietrosul Rodnei and Ineu peaks, measuring 2,303 and 2,279 meters respectively. The mountains are most suited for hiking in summer and skiing in winter, and are especially famous for having snow late into the summer months (skiing is possible well into June, sometimes even July).
While the ridge itself poses no difficulties, the challenge is the massive length of it, and the absence of drinkable water (except for a few puddles that are usually dry). A complete hike along the main Rodnei ridge takes between 3 and 5 days, depending on the weather and the endurance of the hiker.
The massif has some caves, notable among them being "Izvorul Tăuşoarelor", the deepest cave in Romania, reaching about 479 metres beneath the surface and "Jgheabul lui Zalion", 242 metres deep.
The Rodna Mountains are in the region of Maramureş, in northern Romania, near the Romanian-Ukrainian border. To the north lie the city of Borşa and the village Moisei. To the west the massif ends at the Setref-pass (817 m); to the east, the limits are the Prislop Pass (1,416 m) and the Rotunda Pass (1,271 m); to the south lie the villages of Rodna Veche, Șanț, Maieru and Anieș, as well as the Someşul Mare River having its source in the Rodna Mountains.
The most used access points to the mountain are:
- Setref Pass, by car or train, from the Dealu Stefanitei train station
- Borșa city, by car or bus; from the center of the city there is a path to the Iezer weather station and lake
- Borşa ski resort, by car or bus; access is made from the top of the ski slope, directly to the main ridge at "Saua Gargalau"
- Prislop Pass, by car; from the pass there is a marked path that meets the one from the top of the ski slope, also leading to "Saua Gargalau"
- Rodna Veche village, by train or car; from the village there are two marked paths leading to the main ridge, one of them going directly to the Ineu peak
There are a few resorts at the base of the mountain, notably Borșa ski resort, with a few hotels and many privately run guesthouses, and also the new "Valea Blaznei" resort, completed in 2007, near the village Sant. It contains two notable places to stay, "Cabana Vio" at 1,100 m (6 km of village Sant), and a bit higher, "Cabana Diana" at 1,240 m which is a mountain refuge. Up on the ridge there is no accommodation whatsoever, so tourists should bring tents.
The entire Rodna Mountain is included in the Rodna National Park and Biosphere Reserve. This is a 567 km² reservation in Eastern Carpathians with brown bears, lynx, gray wolves, black capercaillies and eagles.