Romania–Ukraine border

The Romania–Ukraine border is the state border between Romania and Ukraine. It consists of both a land and a maritime boundary. The total border length is 613.8 km (381.4 mi) including 292.2 km (181.6 mi) by rivers and 33 km (21 mi) by the Black Sea.[1] It is part of the external border of the European Union (since Romania's accession to the EU in January 2007).

Romania–Ukraine border
Ukraine Border.JPG
Ukrainian border between Siret/Romania and Porubne/Ukraine on route E85
Characteristics
Entities Romania  Ukraine
Length613.8 kilometers
History
Established1918
1991
Creation of the Ukrainian People's Republic
Declaration of Independence of Ukraine
Current shape3 February 2009
Maritime Delimitation in the Black Sea case
Disestablished18 March 1921
Ukrainian People's Republic disestablished (Peace of Riga)
TreatiesParis Peace Treaties, Treaty for Good Neighborly and Cooperation Relations between Romania and Ukraine (1997), Maritime Delimitation in the Black Sea case (2009)
Romanian and Ukrainian boundary markers
Political map of Romania

For the maritime part, see Maritime Delimitation in the Black Sea case.

LocationEdit

The land border consists of two parts: the northern part stretches across Carpathian Mountains region roughly west–east from the Hungary-Romania-Ukraine tripoint to the northern Moldova-Romania-Ukraine tripoint. It starts along the Tisza River (through Maramureș) and runs across the historical region of Bukovina in the Eastern Carpathians. The southern part stretches between Budjak and Dobrudja regions roughly west–east from the southern Moldova-Romania-Ukraine tripoint to the maritime Romania-Ukraine boundary. It runs along the Danube River, its Chilia branch (most northern branch) of its delta to the Black Sea. Until Soviet occupation of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina, Dniester (Nistru) river used to serve as international border between Ukraine (later the Ukrainian SSR) and Romania.

HistoryEdit

The border is mostly inherited from the Romania–Soviet Union border,[1] with some border disputes, most notable being the Snake Island issue. On 4 July 2003 the President of Romania Ion Iliescu and the President of Russia Vladimir Putin signed a treaty about friendship and cooperation. Romania promised not to contest territories of Ukraine or Moldova, which it lost to Soviet Union after World War II, but requested that Russia as a successor of the Soviet Union recognized its responsibility in some form for what had happened.[2]

Nonetheless, the very next year in 2004 Romania contested Ukrainian maritime territory around the Snake Island in the International Court of Justice in what became known as the Maritime Delimitation in the Black Sea case. Romania was able to partially win the case.[citation needed]

Border crossings and checkpointsEdit

Odessa Oblast (Ferry)Edit

only in Budjak area across the Danube

Zakarpattia OblastEdit

Chernivtsi OblastEdit

Ivano-Frankivsk OblastEdit

  • none

Local border trafficEdit

In 2014, Romania and Ukraine signed a provisional agreement on local border traffic. It applies to the residents within the 30 km border area extendable to 50 km to accommodate larger administrative units extending beyond the 30 km zone, listed in Annex 1 to the Agreement.

The agreement was subject to the completion of the necessary internal formalities. The Romanian side completed them in March 2014.[3] The Ukrainian side complete its arrangements in May 2015. The agreement covers 662 localities in Ukraine (Transcarpathia, Ivano-Frankivsk, Odessa, Chernivtsi oblasts). It is applicable to about 2 million Ukrainian and Romanian residents.[4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit