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Nord-Vest (English: North West) is a development region in Romania, created in 1998. As other development regions, it does not have any administrative powers, its main function being to co-ordinate regional development projects and manage funds from the European Union.

Nord-Vest
Region
Regiunea Nord Vest.svg
Country Romania
Development Agency HQCluj-Napoca
Largest cityCluj-Napoca
Area
 • Total34,159 km2 (13,189 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total2,600,132
 • Density76/km2 (200/sq mi)
Ethnic groups
 • Romanians75.0%
 • Hungarians19.3%
 • Roma3.5%
 • Ukrainians1.3%
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
NUTS codeRO11
GDP per capita (PPS)€16,900 (2017)[1]
HDI (2017)0.806[2]
very high · 4th
Websitehttp://www.nord-vest.ro/

CountiesEdit

The Nord-Vest region is made up of the following counties:

EconomyEdit

 
Cluj-Napoca is the major economic centre of the region
 
Oradea is another important economic and cultural centre of the region

The economy of Nord-Vest is mainly agricultural (46% of its population having agriculture as their main occupation), even though there is some heavy and light industry in the major regional industrial centres of Cluj-Napoca, Oradea, Baia Mare, Bistrița, Satu Mare and Zalău.

There are also several mining centres in Maramureș county and in the Apuseni Mountains. Many of these mining areas have been partly shut down, resulting in significant local unemployment, even though unemployment in the Nord-Vest region is at approximately 4%, below the Romanian national average of 5.5%. Many mining areas have been classified by the government as defavourised zones, with incentives given to investors who plan to create jobs in these areas and diversify the economy.

The region's GDP per capita is slightly below the Romanian average (approximately 90% of the Romanian average), despite the fact that the major cities – Cluj-Napoca and Oradea – are some of the most prosperous in Romania.

InfrastructureEdit

The region is crossed by five European roads – E60, E81, E79, E671 and E58. Additionally, the A3 freeway is currently in construction and will cross Cluj, Sălaj and Bihor counties in the region. Nord-Vest also it has an extensive railway infrastructure connecting most of the important towns.

The region has four airports – Cluj-Napoca, Oradea, Satu Mare and Baia Mare. Currently, Cluj-Napoca, Oradea and Satu Mare airports have international flights while Baia Mare airport is temporarily closed.

DemographicsEdit

Romania's Nord-Vest development region has a total population of 2,600,132[3] (2011 Census). The region is one of the most ethnically-diverse in Romania, with 25% of the population coming from a minority group. After Romanians, who make up 75% of the population, the largest minority group are Hungarians, who comprise slightly less than 20% of the population. Hungarians are mainly concentrated in urban centres, especially those near the Hungarian border, such as Oradea and Satu Mare. The third largest minority are Romani people, who make up 3.5%, slightly above the national average. Romani people are spread relatively evenly throughout the region, even though the highest proportions are in Bihor county, where approximately 5% of the population is Romani.

Romanian is the most widely spoken language, spoken as a first language by 76.6% of the inhabitants of the region. The other important languages are Hungarian, spoken by 19.9% of the population, Romani and Ukrainian. Religion is mainly based on ethnic groups, with the largest religion being Romanian Orthodoxy, observed by 68.38% of the population, mostly ethnic Romanians. Other important religions are the Reformed Church (12.70%), Roman Catholicism (6.86%) and Greek Catholicism (4.20%).

Age and fertilityEdit

The Nord-Vest region has the following age structure, according to the 2011 census:

Age group Population % of total
0–4 years 138,001 5.3%
5–9 years 138,975 5.3%
10–14 years 141,587 5.5%
15–19 years 150,960 5.8%
20–24 years 195,377 7.5%
25–29 years 178,518 6.9%
30–34 years 196,938 7.6%
35–39 years 199,398 7.7%
40–44 years 209,816 8.1%
45–49 years 149,585 5.8%
50–54 years 172,566 6.6%
55–59 years 180,088 6.9%
60–64 years 155,323 6.0%
65–69 years 120,034 4.6%
70–74 years 109,073 4.2%
75-79 years 83,406 3.2%
80-84 years 52,430 2.0%
85+ years 28,057 1.1%
Total 2,600,132 100.00%

LanguageEdit

ReligionEdit

CitizenshipEdit

99.9% of the population of Nord-Vest region has Romanian citizenship. There are 2,343 residents, or 0.09% of the population, of foreign citizenship, including:

  • Moldovan citizenship: 621
  • Italian citizenship: 298
  • Ukrainian citizenship: 156

2,687 people, or 0.10% of the population, has dual citizenship.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Eurostat (26 February 2019). "GDP per capita in 281 EU regions in 2017". Europa web portal. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  3. ^ Counties of Romania

Coordinates: 46°46′N 23°35′E / 46.767°N 23.583°E / 46.767; 23.583