Balș (Romanian pronunciation: [balʃ] (About this soundlisten)) is a town in Olt County, Romania. The town administers three villages: Corbeni, Româna and Teiș.

Balș
RO OT Bals library.jpg
Location in Olt County
Location in Olt County
Balș is located in Romania
Balș
Balș
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 44°21′0″N 24°5′58″E / 44.35000°N 24.09944°E / 44.35000; 24.09944Coordinates: 44°21′0″N 24°5′58″E / 44.35000°N 24.09944°E / 44.35000; 24.09944
Country Romania
CountyOlt
Government
 • MayorMădălin Teodosescu[1] (PNL)
Area
41.13 km2 (15.88 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[2]
18,164
 • Density440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zoneEET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)
Vehicle reg.OT
Websitehttp://www.bals.ro/

EtymologyEdit

There are three hypotheses about the town's name:

  1. The locality was named after the Balșița brook.
  2. The name comes from the Turkish word "Baliş" (honey) as there is a large apiculture area there.
  3. A boyar named Balș settled here in the 5th or 6th century.

PopulationEdit

  • 1864 - 1,700 inhabitants.
  • 1884 - 2,500 inhabitants.
  • 1921 - 5,000 inhabitants.
  • 1938 - 5,300 inhabitants.
  • 1948 - 6,128 inhabitants.
  • 1973 - 11,578 inhabitants.
  • 1992 - 24,560 inhabitants.
  • 2002 - 21,195 inhabitants.

The composition from the last census, sorted by nationality:

* 20,552 Romanians
* 619 Romani
* 27 others

The composition from the last census, sorted by religion:

* 21,043 Eastern Orthodox
* 47 Seventh-Day Adventists
* 36 Baptists
* 19 Pentecostalists
* 8 Roman-Catholics
* 5 Atheists
* 32 other religion

HistoryEdit

  • 1450 - The estimated date when Balș was established.
  • 1564 - First mention of Balș in a document

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Primarul Orașului Balș ("Mayor of Town Balș")" (in Romanian). Retrieved 28 September 2018.
  2. ^ "Populaţia stabilă pe judeţe, municipii, oraşe şi localităti componenete la RPL_2011" (in Romanian). National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 4 February 2014.