Cernavodă (Romanian pronunciation: [t͡ʃernaˈvodə], historical names: Thracian: Axiopa, Greek: Ἀξιούπολις, Bulgarian: Черна вода, Cherna voda, Turkish: Boğazköy) is a town in Constanța County, Northern Dobruja, Romania with a population of 20,514.
Cernavodă and the Danube-Black Sea Canal
Location in Constanța County
|• Mayor (2020–2024)||Liviu Negoiță (PNL)|
|Area||46.69 km2 (18.03 sq mi)|
|Elevation||50 m (160 ft)|
|• Density||360/km2 (940/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)|
The town's name is derived from the Bulgarian černa voda (черна вода in Cyrillic), meaning "black water". This name is regarded by some scholars as a calque of the earlier Thracian name Axíopa, from IE *n.ksei "dark" and upā "water" (cf. Avestan axšaēna "dark" and Lithuanian ùpė "river, creek").
The town is a Danube fluvial port. It houses the Cernavodă Nuclear Power Plant, consisting of two CANDU reactors providing about 18% of Romania's electrical energy output. The second reactor was built through a joint venture between Canada's Atomic Energy of Canada Limited and Italy's ANSALDO and became fully functional in November 2007.
Cernavodă was one of the capitals of the short-lived Silistra Nouă County (1878–1879).
|Source: Census data|
- "Results of the 2020 local elections". Central Electoral Bureau. Retrieved 15 June 2021.
- "Populaţia stabilă pe judeţe, municipii, oraşe şi localităti componenete la RPL_2011" (in Romanian). National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
- Radoslav Katičić; Mate Križman (1976). Ancient Languages of the Balkans, Part One. Mouton. p. 149.
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