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Ungheni is a district (Romanian: raion) in the central part of Moldova, bordering Romania, with the administrative center at Ungheni. The other major city is Corneşti. As of 1 January 2011, its population was 117,400.

Ungheni District

Raionul Ungheni
District
Flag of Ungheni District
Flag
Coat of arms of Ungheni District
Coat of arms
Location of Ungheni District
Country Republic of Moldova
Administrative center
(Oraş-reşedinţă)

Bandera Ungheni.svg Ungheni
Government
 • Raion PresidentIurie Toma (PLDM), since 2011
Area
 • Total1,083 km2 (418 sq mi)
 • Water27.1 km2 (10.5 sq mi)  2.50%
Elevation
408 m (1,339 ft)
Population
 • Total101,064
 • Density93/km2 (240/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Area code(s)+373 36
Car platesUN

HistoryEdit

 
Eiffel Bridge built in 1876–1877

Villages with ancient historical credentials are Buciumeni, Busila and Ungheni, they are documented in the period 1428–1430. About noble families who ruled the territory known as follows: the 1462 Pan Bratul, Procelnic's son, reigned here. This Procelnic was Stoian, advice nobleman in the reign of Alexander the Good, and participant in the Battle of Grunwald in 1422. Other relatives of the warrior, master settlement in 1490, until the 17th century. Beginning with the reign of Vasile Lupu, his cousin, marshal Iorga, buy here parts of estates. After his death he bequeathed to the village of his sisters Alexandra and Creata. Their life in Ungheni died in the late 18th century. In 1812 the Treaty of Bucharest, Basarabia is occupied by the Russian Empire at this time (1812–1917), has an intense russification of the native population. In 1876–1877 is built spotted Prut between Ungheni (Moldova) and common Ungheni (Romania) Eiffel Bridge, designed by Gustave Eiffel, the creator of the Eiffel Tower in Paris, Gustave Eiffel in this period, visit Ungheni. In 1918 after the collapse of the Russian Empire, Basarabia joins the motherland Romania, in this period (1918–1940, 1941–1944) is part of the Iasi County. In 1940 after Molotov-Ribbentrop Treaty, Bessarabia is occupied by the USSR. In 1991 as a result of the proclamation of Independence of Moldova, part and residence of the Ungheni County (1991–2003), and in 2003 became administrative unit of Moldova.

GeographyEdit

Ungheni district is located in central part of the Republic of Moldova. It borders in north with Falesti and Singerei district, east Telenesti and Calarasi districts, in southeast Nisporeni District and has state border with Romania over a distance of 80 km. Terrain, slippery due to the Central Moldavian Plateau, west along the Prut River valley is a depression that is Ungheni. Just district is located in the woodlands, Codri. Soil chernozems (75%) in valleys and plains and brown soil on the plateau. The highest point of the district is Veverița Hill, 408 meters.

ClimateEdit

Temperate continental climate. The average annual temperature +9.0+9.5 C, average temperature 21 C July, the average temperature in January −4.5 C. Annual precipitation 500–650 mm. Average wind speed 3–5 m \ s.

FaunaEdit

Animal fauna characterized by: fox, wild boar, wolf, deer, red deer, raccoon dog, hedgehog, badger, wild cat and others. Of birds: hawk, stork, egret, partridges, crow, tits, sparrows and others.

FloraEdit

Forests occupy 26.6% area of the district, are characterized by oak, beech, hornbeam, maple, acacia, lime and others. From plants: clover, black, fescue, mugwort, nettle and others.

RiversEdit

District is located in the basin of the Prut River, crossed the Prut in west of district, the border with Romania over a distance of 80 km. The main tributary is Delia. Are 132 ponds. For rural areas groundwater is the main source of household drinking water. They come to the surface through wells 6170 (70 fountains) and 67 springs. Most are kept and landscaped.

Administrative subdivisionsEdit

DemographicsEdit

1 January 2012 the district population was 117,200 of which 34.5% urban and 65.5% rural population

  • Births (2010): 1517 (12.9 per 1000)
  • Deaths (2010): 1417 (12.1 per 1000)
  • Growth Rate (2010): 100 (0.8 per 1000)

Ethnic groupsEdit

Ethnic group % of total
Moldovans 87.9
Romanians 4.6
Ukrainians 5.4
Russians 1.7
Gagauz 0.0
Bulgarians 0.1
Romani 0.0
Other 0.3
Undeclared 0.5

ReligionEdit

EconomyEdit

Currently over 16,600 businesses are registered. After legal form a share is the great farms, individual companies and limited liability companies. Agricultural land is 49,970.8 ha (46.1%) of total land area. Arable land is 45,181.3 ha (41.7%) of the total agricultural land, of which: plantations of orchards – 2951.7 ha (2.7%), vineyards – 1534.1 (1.4%) ha. The main crops are: cereals (wheat, oats), corn, sunflower, rapeseed and soy.

IndustryEdit

Processing industry of agricultural production is represented by companies that process raw material milling units, bakery and compound feed in enterprises producing meat products, canned fruit and vegetables, alcoholic beverages and soft drinks. A share of 80% in industry in district, has fiber preparation, spinning, carpet and rugs.

District is traditional for the production of ceramic. At activates Ungheni over half a century artistic ceramics factory.

TelecommunicationsEdit

Telecommunications and information sources is an area that every year more and progress records. Diversity and quality of these services has increased considerably. The banking system is represented by 11 branches of banks in Moldova.

PoliticsEdit

In terms of political and electoral, Ungheni district said the center-right parties in Moldova represented by the AEI. While the PCRM is in a continuous fall.

During the last three elections AEI had an increase of 79.5%

Parliament elections results
Year AEI PCRM
2010 51.70% 26,287 42.35% 21,535
July 2009 48.55% 23,309 46.68% 22,408
April 2009 30.15% 14,644 53.83% 26,142

ElectionsEdit

e • d  Summary of 28 November 2010 Parliament of Moldova election results in Ungheni District
Parties and coalitions Votes % +/−
Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova 21,535 42.35 −4.33
Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova 13,367 26.29 +11.77
Democratic Party of Moldova 7,473 14.70 +0.18
Liberal Party 3,581 7.04 −5.92
Party Alliance Our Moldova 1,866 3.67 −3.89
European Action Movement 763 1.50 +1.50
Other Party 2,295 4.48 -0.29
Total (turnout 58.44%) 51,241 100.00


CultureEdit

The district operates: houses and cultural centers – 62 units, amateur artistic groups with the honorary title "model" −28, museums – 3 units (Ungheni, Pirlita, Sculeni), public libraries – 51 units, a music school, a fine arts, a cinema, discotheques, sports halls work, fitness, pool.

HealthEdit

Medical institutions can be found by: hospitals – two units with 375 beds, health centers – 16 units, offices of family doctors – 24 units, pharmacies – 24 units, emergency medical assistance – one substation.

TourismEdit

PersonalitiesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Results of Population and Housing Census in the Republic of Moldova in 2014". National Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Moldova. 2017. Retrieved 1 May 2017.

External linksEdit