Severin County was a county (Romanian: județ) in the Kingdom of Romania, in the historical region of the Banat. Its capital was Lugoj. Severin County was established in 1926, disbanded with the administrative reform of 1938, re-created in 1940, and finally disbanded with the administrative reform of 1950.
The Prefecture building of Severin County building of the interwar period.
|Capital city (Reședință de județ)||Lugoj|
|Ceased to exist||Administrative and Constitutional Reform in 1950|
|• Total||6,422 km2 (2,480 sq mi)|
|• Density||37/km2 (97/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
Severin County covered 6,422 km2 and was located in the south-western part of Greater Romania, in the eastern part of the Banat. Currently, the territory that comprised Severin County is divided between Timiș, Caraș-Severin, Arad and Mehedinți counties. In the interwar period, the county neighbored Caraș and Timiș-Torontal counties to the west, Arad County to the north, Hunedoara County to the east, Mehedinți County to the southeast, and Kingdom of Yugoslavia to the south.
- Plasa Birchiș, headquartered at Birchiș
- Plasa Caransebeș, headquartered at Caransebeș
- Plasa Făget, headquartered at Făget
- Plasa Lugoj, headquartered at Lugoj
- Plasa Orșova, headquartered at Orșova
- Plasa Teregova, headquartered at Teregova
Subsequently, two more districts were established.
According to the census data of 1930, the county's population was 239,586, which were ethnically divided as follows: 76.6% Romanians, 9.6% Germans, 6.6% Hungarians, 2.2% Romanies, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the majority of the county population consisted of Eastern Orthodox (75.4%), followed by Roman Catholics (14.9%), Greek Catholics (3.9%), Reformed (3.1%) as well as other minorities.
In 1930, the county's urban population was 40,456 inhabitants, ethnically 47.3% Romanians, 24.5% Germans, 16.8% Hungarians, 4.6% Jews, 3.1% Romanies, 1.2% Czechs and Slovaks, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population consisted of 46.4% Eastern Orthodox, 36.4% Roman Catholic, 4.9% Reformed, 4.8% Jewish, 4.1% Greek Catholic, 2.3% Lutheran, as well as other minorities.
- Portretul României Interbelice - Județul Severin
- Recensământul general al populației României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 722-725
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Interwar Severin County.|
- (in Romanian) Severin County on memoria.ro